Inclusive Urbanization

Author: Krishna K. Shrestha
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135006474
Size: 43.94 MB
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Inclusive Urbanization from the Author: Krishna K. Shrestha. How do we include and represent all people in cities? As the world rapidly urbanizes, and climate change creates global winners and losers, understanding how to design cities that provide for all their citizens is of the utmost importance. Inclusive Urbanization attempts to not only provide meaningful, practical guidance to urban designers, managers, and local actors, but also create a definition of inclusion that incorporates strategies bigger than the welfare state, and tactics that bring local actors and the state into meaningful dialogue. Written by a team of experienced academics, designers, and NGO professionals, Inclusive Urbanization shows how urbanization policy and management can be used to make more inclusive, climate resilient cities, through a series of 18 case studies in South Asia. By creating a model of urban life and processes that takes into account social, spatial, cultural, regulatory and economic dimensions, the book finds a way to make both the processes and outcomes of urban design representative of all of the city’s inhabitants.

Urban China

Author: The World Bank;Development Research Center of the State Council
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464803862
Size: 40.54 MB
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Urban China from the Author: The World Bank;Development Research Center of the State Council. In the last 30 years, China‚Äôs record economic growth lifted half a billion people out of poverty, with rapid urbanization providing abundant labor, cheap land, and good infrastructure. While China has avoided some of the common ills of urbanization, strains are showing as inefficient land development leads to urban sprawl and ghost towns, pollution threatens people‚Äôs health, and farmland and water resources are becoming scarce. With China‚Äôs urban population projected to rise to about one billion ‚Äď or close to 70 percent of the country‚Äôs population ‚Äď by 2030, China‚Äôs leaders are seeking a more coordinated urbanization process. Urban China is a joint research report by a team from the World Bank and the Development Research Center of China‚Äôs State Council which was established to address the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in China and to help China forge a new model of urbanization. The report takes as its point of departure the conviction that China's urbanization can become more efficient, inclusive, and sustainable. However, it stresses that achieving this vision will require strong support from both government and the markets for policy reforms in a number of area. The report proposes six main areas for reform: first, amending land management institutions to foster more efficient land use, denser cities, modernized agriculture, and more equitable wealth distribution; second, adjusting the hukou household registration system to increase labor mobility and provide urban migrant workers equal access to a common standard of public services; third, placing urban finances on a more sustainable footing while fostering financial discipline among local governments; fourth, improving urban planning to enhance connectivity and encourage scale and agglomeration economies; fifth, reducing environmental pressures through more efficient resource management; and sixth, improving governance at the local level.

Sustainable Urbanization In India

Author: Jenia Mukherjee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811049327
Size: 75.93 MB
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Sustainable Urbanization In India from the Author: Jenia Mukherjee. This comprehensive volume contributes to the existing and emerging body of literature on contemporary urbanization and the interactions between cities and the environment. The volume is contextualized against latest theories, debates and discussions on 'sustainable urbanization', the post‚Äź2015 development agenda of the United Nations and India's official launching of the 'smart city' agenda. Reflecting on three major components of urban sustainability: investments and infrastructures, waste management, and urban ecologies and environmentalisms, it moves beyond the bi‚Äźcentric approach of only looking into the differences between the ‚Äėdeveloped‚Äô and the ‚Äėdeveloping‚Äô world and reflects on cities across India using polycentric methods and approaches. The Indian urban scenario is extremely complex and diverse, and solutions laid out in official and non‚Äźofficial documents tend to miss these complexities. This volume includes innovative research across different parts of India, identifying city‚Äźspecific sources of unsustainability and challenges along with strategies and potentials that would make the process of urban transition both sustainable and equitable. Complex explorations of non‚Äźlinear, bottom‚Äźup, multisectoral process‚Äźbased local urban contexts across north, south, east and west Indian cities in this volume critique a general acceptance of the universalized concept of ‚Äėsustainable urbanization‚Äô and suggest ways that might be important for transcending inclusive theories to form practical policy-based recommendations and actions.

Two Sides Of The Same Coin Rebalancing And Inclusive Growth In China

Author: Mr. Il Houng Lee
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1557752354
Size: 13.14 MB
Format: PDF
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Two Sides Of The Same Coin Rebalancing And Inclusive Growth In China from the Author: Mr. Il Houng Lee. This paper uses the Shapley Value decomposition technique to assess the factors behind the rise of inequality in China. It finds that, in many ways, inequality may have been an inevitable by-product of China’s investment and export-led growth model. Between Chinese households, we find that the most important factors explaining income inequality are location, education, access to health insurance, and labor market variables, including the sector of employment and enterprise size. Across China’s provinces, divergences in per capita incomes are driven by the relative level of capital-intensity, public spending, financial access, privatization, and urbanization. In addition, excess liquidity may have exacerbated inequality in the last decade, by driving up property prices and the wealth gap. Based on these results, policies that could help broaden the benefits of growth in China include maintaining prudent monetary and credit policies, a more progressive fiscal tax and expenditure system, higher public spending on health and education, deregulation and reforms to increase competition, measures to raise labor incomes and assist vulnerable workers, and better access to finance for both households and SMEs, including in rural areas. Not surprisingly, given the argued nexus between China’s growth strategy and inequality, many of these reforms are the same ones that would help rebalance its economy toward consumption and household incomes.

Inclusive Growth Development And Welfare Policy

Author: Reza Hasmath
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317555538
Size: 30.39 MB
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Inclusive Growth Development And Welfare Policy from the Author: Reza Hasmath. The recent global financial crisis has increased the scope of poverty and inequality. The gap between the richest and poorest nations has become wider. National income inequality has also been on the rise. The prospect of a shift in designing and implementing development and welfare policies is strong in this new environment. The neoliberal policies of the Washington Consensus are giving way to development models which look to a more active government role in both economic and social policies. Meanwhile, in the parallel universe of welfare policy a fundamental realignment is already taking place. Faced with the current economic and social challenges, policy communities have turned to a variety of instruments to ensure that growth and social inclusion go together. This book offers a systematic analysis of the growing convergence on these matters in the development and welfare state literatures, utilizing the experiences of a myriad of jurisdictions around the world. Drawing upon the expertise of leading international policymakers, practitioners, and academics in the field, this book critiques the theoretical underpinning of growth and development, examine welfare state perspectives on inclusive growth and social/economic development, and presents lessons learned and best/worst practices from the experiences of developing and developed nations.

Cities And Public Policy

Author: Prasanna K. Mohanty
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351500470
Size: 56.56 MB
Format: PDF
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Cities And Public Policy from the Author: Prasanna K. Mohanty. The twenty-first century will witness a rapid urban expansion in the developing world. India, it is believed, will be at the forefront of such a phenomenon. This book acknowledges the role of agglomeration externalities as the cornerstone of urban public policy in India. Arguing that hypotheses of over-urbanization and urban bias theory‚ÄĒwhich articulated a negative view of urbanization‚ÄĒare based on fragile theoretical as well as empirical foundations, this book calls for proactive public policy to harness planned urbanization as resource. India requires agglomeration-augmenting, congestion-mitigating, and resource-generating cities as engines of economic growth, including rural development. The book provides a large number of practical examples from India and abroad to enable policy-makers undertake reforms in urban and regional planning, financing, and governance to meet the challenges of urbanization in India. It combines theory and practice to draw lessons for an urban agenda for India and recognizes the central role of cities in catalysing growth and generating public finance for economic development.

India Defining And Explaining Inclusive Growth And Poverty Reduction

Author: Rahul Anand
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475527128
Size: 67.23 MB
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India Defining And Explaining Inclusive Growth And Poverty Reduction from the Author: Rahul Anand. We document the evolution of poverty and inequality across Indian states during the recent period of rapid growth (2004-09), and examine the role of growth and distribution in reducing poverty. Robust economic growth has been a major driver of poverty reduction and inclusiveness in India. We explore the role of economic policies and macrofinancial conditions in explaining inclusive growth and its components, using a new measure of inclusive growth. Social expenditures, spending on education, and educational attainment rates are important for fostering inclusive growth. Macro-financial stability, with particular attention to inflation risks, is also criticial for promoting inclusive growth.

Environment And Urbanization

Author: International Institute for Environment & Development
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 9781843692409
Size: 32.19 MB
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Environment And Urbanization from the Author: International Institute for Environment & Development.

State Of The World S Cities 2010 11

Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136543074
Size: 16.63 MB
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State Of The World S Cities 2010 11 from the Author: UN-HABITAT,. First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Towards An Inclusive Democracy

Author: Takńďs PhŇćtopoulos
Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780304336272
Size: 28.93 MB
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Towards An Inclusive Democracy from the Author: Takńďs PhŇćtopoulos. An analysis of the growth economy, this book traces the causes of the present crisis in the modern market system, initiated two centuries ago with the establishment of the market economy system which has led to the present growth economy. It concludes that a true democracy can only be derived from a synthesis of the democratic and socialist traditions, along with the radical green, feminist and libertarian ideologies. To this end, this text offers a new vision of an inclusive democracy.