In The Name Of Reason

Author: Patricio Silva
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271048024
Size: 63.29 MB
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In The Name Of Reason from the Author: Patricio Silva.

Widening Democracy

Author: Patricio Silva
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004177833
Size: 50.48 MB
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Widening Democracy from the Author: Patricio Silva. This book examines the different levels of citizens' participation in the decision-making process existing in Brazil and Chile. A series of historical and political factors are explored which have favoured or obstructed the existence of participatory schemes in both countries.

Power And Pesos

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 68.79 MB
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Power And Pesos from the Author: . Bureaucratic state elites in central banks and finance ministries play a critical role in the politics of macroeconomic policy. Highly credentialed expert officials in these organizations have come to occupy central locations on the political elites of developing countries, particularly in Latin America. These expert elites are especially influential in policy areas such as monetary and exchange rate management, which are central to economic growth and stability, as demonstrated by the emerging market financial crises of the 1990s. Addressing the cases of Mexico and Argentina from 1982 to the present and drawing on extensive interviews with key elites, this dissertation examines the interaction of evolving debates in the global field of economic policy expertise and national processes of bureaucratic elite competition. The study contributes to the study of bureaucratic state elites and the politics of economic policy in three main ways. First, the empirical chapters demonstrate the influence of bureaucratic experts on policies that include inflation stabilization in the 1980s, exchange rate management in the 1990s, and post-crisis monetary policies in the 2000s. Second, the dissertation develops a new theoretical framework for analyzing the policy preferences of bureaucratic state elites and applies this framework to the empirical cases. Previous research has emphasized the generally pro-market worldview of expert bureaucrats following a "paradigm shift" in the economics discipline during the 1970s. In contrast, the field theoretic framework developed in this dissertation stresses the dynamic and contested nature of economic knowledge and the contingent and strategic character of bureaucrats' policy positions. The framework shows how elite competition within the varying social structures of bureaucratic elites (a highly cohesive elite in Mexico compared with a relatively fragmented one in Argentina) results in very different policy-making processes in the two countries. The dissertation documents the structure of bureaucratic elites using a new relational dataset and network analysis techniques. Third, the dissertation focuses on processes of consensus formation as a means of evaluating the performance of bureaucratic experts. The findings suggest that there were major failures in the global field of policy expertise leading to the currency crises of the 1990s.

Cybernetic Revolutionaries

Author: Eden Medina
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262525968
Size: 16.57 MB
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Cybernetic Revolutionaries from the Author: Eden Medina. A historical study of Chile's twin experiments with cybernetics and socialism, and what they tell us about the relationship of technology and politics.

Jutta And Hildegard

Author: Anna Silvas
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271019543
Size: 27.56 MB
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Jutta And Hildegard from the Author: Anna Silvas. This book presents in one volume the full range on biographical sources of the outstanding female religious figure of twelfth-century Germany, Hildegard of Bingen (1098&–1179). In addition it gives the English reading public the first in-depth view of Hildegard's spiritual mother, Jutta of Disibodenberg (1092&–1136). Most documents appear in translation for the first time. In particular, the Life of Jutta, which Hildegard herself instigated as a memorial to her spiritual mother, is a major source, recently discovered, that sheds new light on the early life of Hildegard. In addition to her accurate and sensitive translations, Silvas provides a detailed apparatus of up-to-date introductions, notes, and appendices. Included are the following documents: &• Chronicles of Disibodenberg (selections) &• Charters of Disibodenberg &• Documents of Sponheim &• Life of Jutta &• Guibert's Letter 38 to Bovo (including his incomplete Life of Hildegard) &• Life of Hildegard &•Eight Readings to be read on the Feast of St. Hildegard &• Guibert's Revision of the Life of Hildegard &• Charters of Rupertsberg &• Canonization Proceedings

Voltaire S Bastards

Author: John Ralston Saul
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476718938
Size: 37.63 MB
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Voltaire S Bastards from the Author: John Ralston Saul. With a new Introduction by the author, this “erudite and brilliantly readable book” (The Observer, London) expertly dissects the political, economic, and social origins of Western civilization to reveal a culture cripplingly enslaved to crude notions of rationality and expertise. With a new introduction by the author, this “erudite and brilliantly readable book” (The Observer, London) astutely dissects the political, economic and social origins of Western civilization to reveal a culture cripplingly enslaved to crude notions of rationality and expertise. The Western world is full of paradoxes. We talk endlessly of individual freedom, yet we’ve never been under more pressure to conform. Our business leaders describe themselves as capitalists, yet most are corporate employees and financial speculators. We call our governments democracies, yet few of us participate in politics. We complain about invasive government, yet our legal, educational, financial, social, cultural and legislative systems are deteriorating. All these problems, John Ralston Saul argues, are largely the result of our blind faith in the value of reason. Over the past 400 years, our “rational elites” have turned the modern West into a vast, incomprehensible, directionless machine, run by process-minded experts—“Voltaire’s bastards”—whose cult of scientific management is empty of both sense and morality. Whether in politics, art, business, the military, entertain­ment, science, finance, academia or journalism, these experts share the same outlook and methods. The result, Saul maintains, is a civilization of immense technological power whose ordinary citizens are increasingly excluded from the decision-making process. In this wide-ranging anatomy of modern society and its origins—whose “pages explode with insight, style and intellectual rigor” (Camille Paglia, The Washington Post)—Saul presents a shattering critique of the political, economic and cultural estab­lishments of the West.

Citizens Experts And The Environment

Author: Frank Fischer
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822326229
Size: 69.36 MB
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Citizens Experts And The Environment from the Author: Frank Fischer. The tension between professional expertise and democratic governance has become increasingly significant in Western politics. Environmental politics in particular is a hotbed for citizens who actively challenge the imposition of expert theories that ignore particular local knowledge that can help to relate technical facts to social values. In Citizens, Experts, and the Environment Frank Fischer explores this often strained interaction between technical environmental experts and citizen participants and proposes a new model of politics based on participatory inquiry and citizen-expert synergy. Where information ideologues see the modern increase in information as capable of making everyone smarter, others see the emergence of a society divided between those with and those without knowledge. Suggesting realistic strategies to bridge this divide, Fischer calls for meaningful non-expert involvement in policymaking and shows how the deliberations of ordinary citizens can help solve complex social and environmental problems by contributing non-technical knowledge to the professionals' expertise. While incorporating theoretical critiques of positivism and methodology, he also offers hard evidence to demonstrate that the ordinary citizen is capable of a great deal more participation than is generally recognised. Recent situations in Copenhagen, Denmark; Woburn, Massachusetts; and Kerala, India, serve as models of the participatory inquiry he proposes, showing how the local knowledge of citizens is invaluable to policy formation. In his conclusion Fischer moves his model from the context of environmental issues to the larger societal issues of deliberative structures and participatory democracy. This study will interest political scientists, public policy practitioners, sociologists, scientists, environmentalists, activists, urban planners, and public administrators along with those interested in understanding the relationship between democracy and science in a modern technological society.