The Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Author: Steve Cotham
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
ISBN: 9780738543499
Size: 29.96 MB
Format: PDF
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The Great Smoky Mountains National Park from the Author: Steve Cotham. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park has some of the highest, oldest, and most picturesque mountains and ridges in the eastern United States. One of the most biologically diverse regions in North America--with thousands of species of plant and animal life--the park was designated an International Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations in 1976 and a World Heritage Site in 1983.

100 Hikes In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Author: Russ Manning
Publisher: The Mountaineers Books
ISBN: 9780898866360
Size: 25.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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100 Hikes In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park from the Author: Russ Manning. Fully detailed, best-selling hiking guides.These "best of the best" guides feature full-color photos and maps throughout.

Top Trails Shenandoah National Park

Author: Johnny Molloy
Publisher: Wilderness Press
ISBN: 0899976794
Size: 37.87 MB
Format: PDF
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Top Trails Shenandoah National Park from the Author: Johnny Molloy. Top Trails: Shenandoah National Park saves readers the time and frustration of finding the perfect hikes to suit their desires. Not only are there hundreds of miles of trails running like veins down and along a narrow mountain spine, but with millions of guests annually, Shenandoah National Park is a heavily visited destination. This book was conceived to make the backcountry majesty of Shenandoah more accessible to visitors. This easy-access, reference type guide presents a variety of hikes from which to choose. The majority of the hikes steer you toward the most scenic areas, giving you the opportunity to enjoy your time on the trail instead of behind someone’s car. Most hikes seek solitude to maximize your Shenandoah experience. However, as the subtitle of this book suggests, there are some “must do” hikes that are popular. Consequently, a few hikes traverse popular and potentially crowded areas. Each hike has a “best times” that will help you manage the trails to your advantage. Day hiking is the best and most popular way to “break into” the Shenandoah wilderness. But for those with the inclination to see the mountain cycle from day to night and back again, many hikes in this book can be used by backpackers as well. Backpackers must follow park backcountry camping regulations and practice “leave no trace” wilderness-use etiquette. Backpackers can capture the changing moods of the mountains as day turns to night, as weather cycles with the sun, as the permanent park residents go about their business of surviving and reproducing. With the Top Trails winning formula of easy-to-follow maps for every hike, trail-feature charts, feature icons, "don't get lost" trail milestones, and GPS waypoints, readers can easily identify the right trail for their interests, abilities, and available time.

Great Smoky Mountains National Park Angler S Companion

Author: Ian Rutter
ISBN: 9781571882417
Size: 35.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Great Smoky Mountains National Park Angler S Companion from the Author: Ian Rutter. Author: Ian Rutter WHAT'S THIS BOOK ABOUT? The weather, geology, geographic location, entomology, native plant life, and fisheries management policies have combined to create daunting obstacles for the Great Smoky Mountain fly-angler. In this book, Ian Rutter unlocks the secrets of this gorgeous region, including; trout steams, game fish, fishing methods, fishing seasons, catching larger trout, trout flies, and more. Some of the streams are closed to fishing for the study and preservation of brook trout populations, but those that are open to fishing are described individually, including fish species, productive flies and techniques, stream features, access, easy-to-read icons, and more. If you are fortunate enough to fish this beautiful, historical area of America, this handbook will be your perfect guide. WHAT'S GREAT ABOUT THIS BOOK? 1. Easily-identified icons make stream attributes easily and quicly apparent; fish species present, hiking required, campsights; boat access; campgrounds; and car fishin 2. Spectacular scenery highlighted with beautiful photographs 3. Chambers of Commerce listing allow anglers to easily book fishing trips 8.5 x 11 inches, 68 pages, all color WHO IS THE AUTHOR? As a volunteer for the fisheries division and an employee at the most-visited fly shop near the park, Ian Rutter is very familiar with fly-fishing in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. He has given numerous presentations across the Southeast, and currently has an instructional fly-fishing video in production.

An Experimental Release Of Elk Into Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Size: 28.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An Experimental Release Of Elk Into Great Smoky Mountains National Park from the Author: . I conducted 6 years of field work to evaluate the habitat use and population dynamics of an experimental release of elk (Cervus elaphus) into Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Park). Elk exhibited relatively small home ranges (female: 10.4 km[superscript 2] and males: 22.4 km[superscript 2]) and movement distances decreased over time. I calculated survival rates (bar[x] == 0.73--0.93) and litter production rates (bar[x] = 0.73) for the population. To assess the potential for a long-term elk population, I incorporated those vital rates into the population modeling software Riskman and tested its sensitivity to any given vital rate. The projected population growth was positive (1.03, SD = 0.001) and the probability of extinction in 100 years was minimal (1%, SD = 0.001). However, the model was sensitive to adult female survival, and the simulated annual deaths of only 4 adult females increased the probability of extinction to 45% (SD = 0.021). Compositional analysis detected a strong preference for grassland areas by elk in the Park. I used spatial data to identify potential habitat for elk on a multivariate level by calculating the Mahalanobis distance (D[superscript 2]) statistic based on the relationship between elk locations and 7 landscape variables. The D[superscript 2] model indicated that the best elk habitat primarily occurred in areas of moderate landscape complexity and edge denisty and gentle slope, and was limited in the Park. At the current small population density, elk had minimal impact on vegetation inside the Park and their diet consisted primarily of graminoids. The elk population at Great Smoky Mountains National Park will likely remain small and vulnerable to extinction for some time due to low growth rates, high environmental stochasticity, and limited habitat. Active management (e.g. predator management, prescribed burning, and mowing) will be required to maintain this population until the population grows to more sustainable levels.