Grassroots Elections In China

Author: Kevin J. O'Brien
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317987209
Size: 71.60 MB
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Grassroots Elections In China from the Author: Kevin J. O'Brien. Twenty years after the launch of village elections, the time is ripe to assess the progress and impact of China’s most notable political reform. Where have elections been conducted well and where have they been conducted poorly? How have procedures changed over the years and have elections truly transformed how power is exercised in the countryside? What methods are researchers employing to study elections and how have scholars from different disciplines contributed to our knowledge of grassroots politics in China? This book carefully examines the implementation and effects of China’s village, township, and people’s congress elections, both in terms of democratizing the polity and spurring other changes in state-society relations. The chapters in this book have been published across several issues of the Journal of Contemporary China.

Participation And Empowerment At The Grassroots

Author: Gunter Schubert
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739174797
Size: 70.54 MB
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Participation And Empowerment At The Grassroots from the Author: Gunter Schubert. This monograph ties in the scholarly debate on Chinese village elections and their consequences for China s political system. By critically assessing the recent literature on village elections and drawing on qualitative fieldwork data gathered in six villages of two provinces and one urban district, it contributes to our understanding of the nexus between political participation and cadre accountability at the grassroots and highlights a number of factors ensuring the persistence of one-party rule in contemporary China."

Grassroots Political Reform In Contemporary China

Author: Elizabeth J Perry
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674042056
Size: 68.96 MB
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Grassroots Political Reform In Contemporary China from the Author: Elizabeth J Perry. Observers often note the glaring contrast between China's economic progress and its stalled political reforms. This volume, written by experienced scholars, explores a range of grassroots efforts--initiated by the state and society alike--to restrain corrupt behavior and enhance the accountability of local authorities. While the authors offer varying views on the larger significance of these developments, their case studies point to a more dynamic Chinese political system than is often acknowledged.

Ballot Box China

Author: Kerry Brown
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1848138229
Size: 28.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Ballot Box China from the Author: Kerry Brown. Since 1988, China has undergone one of the largest, but least understood experiments in grassroots democracy. Across 600,000 villages in China, with almost a million elections, some three million officials have been elected. The Chinese government believes that this is a step towards `democracy with Chinese characteristics'. But to many involved in them, the elections have been mired by corruption, vote-rigging and cronyism. This book looks at the history of these elections, how they arose, what they have achieved and where they might be going, exploring the specific experience of elections by those who have taken part in them - the villagers in some of the most deprived areas of China.

Rural Democracy In China

Author: Tianjian Shi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810242886
Size: 25.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Rural Democracy In China from the Author: Tianjian Shi. Prepared by the East Asian Institute, NUS, which promotes research on East Asian developments particularly the political, economic and social development of contemporary China (including Hong Kong and Taiwan), this series of research reports is intended for policy makers and readers who want to keep abreast of the latest developments in China. Why does the Chinese government allow village elections and what implications do they have for the democratisation of China? By Tracing the history of village level governance reform, Shi, one of the premier authorities on electoral reforms in China, tackles these fundamental questions in this volume.

The Failure Of China S Democratic Reforms

Author: Zaijun Yuan
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739170899
Size: 74.37 MB
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The Failure Of China S Democratic Reforms from the Author: Zaijun Yuan. In its propaganda, the Chinese Communist Party does not deny the value of “democracy”, but it insists that democracy in China can be only “socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics”. The most essential nature of such “democracy” is that it is under the single-party system and it excludes multi-party politics and competitive elections. In recent years, “Chinese democracy” has won more support because of achievements the party has made in developing economy. This raises a question: does this “efficient” authoritarian political system in China, even if it is not democratic, deserve applause because it can facilitate economic development? The party also insists that it is “democratic”. But, is the party's theory of “democracy” compatible with western democracy? Since 1998, the party has organized some political reforms, such as “direct elections” for township executives, “direct elections” for township party secretaries, township party congress reform and “deliberative democracy” experiments, while maintaining single-party politics. In the party's propaganda, some of these reforms have become party achievements in improving “socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics”. In addition to these four kinds of party-organized reforms, another “reform” originated from the grassroots, the participation of independent candidates in a few local people's congress elections. This book examines these five local political reforms. It demonstrates that the four reforms instigated and organized by the party were tightly controlled and manipulated by the party. Although some reform measures may possibly liberalize parts of China's political mechanism, it is highly unlikely that the four reforms will eventually lead to political democratization in China. In the fifth “reform”, which was motivated from outside the bureaucratic system, the party took drastic measures to repress the political participation of grassroots power. As a result, nearly all independent candidates in the local people's congress elections failed in their attempts to gain office. The prospects for this “reform” are also poor. The book argues that all five reforms have failed and that none will lead to China’s democratization in the near future. The book concludes that the party’s authoritarian regime in China is by nature anti-democratic and that so-called “socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics” is not democratic.

Village Elections In China

Author: Qingshan Tan
Size: 77.81 MB
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Village Elections In China from the Author: Qingshan Tan. This book chronicles the evolution and progress of village elections in China, and offers a roadmap as to what could eventually be the beginning of a more extensive liberalization and democratization process. Initiatives to allow greater autonomy to common people led to eventually allowing village elections, which allowed all villages to elect their mayor, or village chief and local council every three years.

Elections And Democracy In Greater China

Author: Larry Diamond
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191583510
Size: 51.95 MB
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Elections And Democracy In Greater China from the Author: Larry Diamond. The authoritarian Chinese regimes governing Taiwan, Mainland China, and Hong Kong allowed limited electoral competition during the last half century. In Taiwan that process evolved over more than three decades before leading to the formation of an opposition party under martial law in late September 1986 and the blossoming of full democracy in March 2000 when that opposition party replaced the ruling party. In Mainland China and Hong Kong, limited electoral competition has only evolved over the last fifteen years or so. This volume examines why and how limited electoral competition developed in Greater China. The editors use a typology and different concepts to analyse how the political centre in these three Chinese societies historically interacted with society and how different regime change took place. Their analysis attributes Taiwan's robust electoral competition under martial law to political breakthroughs in the political, ideological, economic, and organizational marketplaces. Without similar political breakthroughs in Mainland China and Hong Kong, their limited electoral processes are not likely to lead to the election of one or more opposition parties in Mainland China and the direct election of a Hong Kong governor and parliament. These two authoritarian regimes have adopted different institutions, or rules, to limit electoral competition. Moreover, different changes have been taking place in their political, ideological, economic, and organizational marketplaces than occurred in Taiwan. Therefore, whether these two Chinese societies can mimic the Taiwan democratization path remains problematic. Only the passage of time will reveal whether their limited electoral competitive processes can transform into full democracy.

Grass Roots Democracy In India And China

Author: Manoranjan Mohanty
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132101138
Size: 19.81 MB
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Grass Roots Democracy In India And China from the Author: Manoranjan Mohanty. Both India and China have experienced economic changes and growing social consciousness which have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratisation and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them. The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment that panchayati raj in India and village committee system in China represent. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, caste, class, ethnicity and religion in local political processes.

China Today China Tomorrow

Author: Joseph Fewsmith
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742567079
Size: 37.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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China Today China Tomorrow from the Author: Joseph Fewsmith. "This book offers the best overview available of Chinese society, economy, and politics. It brings together many of the finest scholars on contemporary China, giving a rounded view of the PRC over the past thirty years and raising incisive questions about where China is going. The authors show that the country's rapid economic growth, adaptive authoritarian government, and developing institutions over the last three decades give hope for coping with difficult problems like pollution, climate change, corruption, and inequality.-Ezra F. Vogel, Harvard University "This is a first-rate collection on some of the most important social, economic, and political issues facing China, written by some of the most influential scholars on these subjects. Simultaneously historically grounded and addressing current issues, this book deserves to be read by all those interested in how China has got to where it is and where it may be heading."-Bruce Dickson, George Washington University In this timely book, a group of leading scholars provides a comprehensive assessment of China's polity, economy, and society. Taking the thirtieth anniversary of Beijing's adoption of reform and opening as an occasion to reflect on the course of development over the past three decades, the contributors consider where the country may be going in the future. Just as China has had enormous success in developing its economy, it continues to face equally enormous challenges across a wide variety of issues, including inequality, social protest, energy, the environment, and a resurgence of religion. Authoritative, accessible, and current, this book will be an invaluable resource for all readers interested in the fate of a rising global power. About the Editor Joseph Fewsmith is professor of international relations and political science at Boston University.