Global Jihad And America

Author: Taj Hashmi
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9351504263
Size: 30.53 MB
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Global Jihad And America from the Author: Taj Hashmi. Global Jihad and America questions the assumption if Islamist terrorism, or “Global Jihad,” poses the biggest threat to modern civilization in the East and West. It explores if Islamic and Western civilizations, being “incompatible” to each other, are destined to be at loggerheads. Consequently, the book argues that state-sponsored terrorism and proxy wars—not terrorist acts by “non-state actors”—will pose the biggest security threat to the world. This study does not suggest that the world has already reached the cul-de-sac of its destiny with no point of return. Both America and the Muslim World can play important roles to avert the catastrophe. Meanwhile, the gap between the needy and the rich and powerful is widening. Throughout history, sections of the rich and powerful have manipulated wars in the name of peace and justice, religion and freedom. So the big question now is: with America and its allies waging a “war on terror and extremism” and their Muslim adversaries defending honor and religion, is a disaster looming?

The Global Jihad Movement

Author: Rohan Gunaratna
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442245425
Size: 63.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Global Jihad Movement from the Author: Rohan Gunaratna. Three to four dozen international and local organizations, up to one hundred thousand individuals, and millions of supporters are part of the phenomenon of Global Jihad. The Global Jihad Movement endeavors to name and differentiate these organizations and to explain their infrastructure, operational capabilities, and activities. It also analyzes their mutual and multi-lateral relations inside and outside the “jihadi framework.” In essence, this is a “who’s who” in the Global Jihad. The first section deals with ideology, focusing on the emergence of the Salafi and the Salafi-jihadi ideologies, which are still the most important factors behind the operational performance of Global Jihadi elements. The second section addresses the “affiliate groups” of al-Qaeda, such as al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, and al-Qaeda in Iraq. This section focuses mainly on the groups that adopted al-Qaeda’s Global Jihad strategy by incorporating Western targets in their vicinity of operations in their targeting policies. The next section discusses the different jihad arenas that have emerged over the last three decades, absorbing jihadi fighters from Islamic communities around the world. Finally, tThe last section examines the long process of radicalization, from regular and normative lifestyle patterns to the final jihadi stage—which in many cases involves martyrdom as suicide bombers in the name of radical Islam.

Nexus Of Global Jihad

Author: Assaf Moghadam
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538154
Size: 75.72 MB
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Nexus Of Global Jihad from the Author: Assaf Moghadam. Leading jihadist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State dominate through cooperation in the form of knowledge sharing, resource sharing, joint training exercises, and operational collaboration. They build alliances and lesser partnerships with other formal and informal terrorist actors to recruit foreign fighters and spread their message worldwide, raising the aggregate threat level for their declared enemies. Whether they consist of friends or foes, whether they are connected locally or online, these networks create a wellspring of support for jihadist organizations that may fluctuate in strength or change in character but never runs dry. Nexus of Global Jihad identifies types of terrorist actors, the nature of their partnerships, and the environments in which they prosper to explain global jihadist terrorism’s ongoing success and resilience. Nexus of Global Jihad brings to light an emerging style of “networked cooperation” that works alongside interorganizational terrorist cooperation to establish bonds of varying depth and endurance. Case studies use recently declassified materials to illuminate al-Qaeda’s dealings from Iran to the Arabian Peninsula and the informal actors that power the global Sharia movement. Nexus of Global Jihad proposes policies that increase intelligence gathering on informal terrorist actors, constrain enabling environments, and disrupt terrorist networks according to different types of cooperation. It is a vital text for strategists and scholars struggling to understand a growing spectrum of terrorist groups working together more effectively than ever before.

Encyclopedia Of Media And Propaganda In Wartime America 2 Volumes

Author: Martin J. Manning
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598842285
Size: 62.16 MB
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Encyclopedia Of Media And Propaganda In Wartime America 2 Volumes from the Author: Martin J. Manning. This fascinating compilation of reference entries documents the unique relationship between mass media, propaganda, and the U.S. military, a relationship that began in the period before the American Revolution and continues to this day—sometimes cooperative, sometimes combative, and always complex. • Introductory essays describe the types of media most important to each conflict period, how they were used, by whom, and to what effect • A general essay outlines how media has been used to spread messages about conflicts throughout U.S. history • Photographs and illustrations add an important visual element

Al Qaida Und Der Globale Djihad

Author: Peter Wichmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658056746
Size: 35.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Al Qaida Und Der Globale Djihad from the Author: Peter Wichmann. ​Mehr als zwölf Jahre nach den Anschlägen vom 11. September 2001 gehört der transnationale Terrorismus der Al-Qaida nach wie vor zu den größten Bedrohungen des 21. Jahrhunderts. Der Politikwissenschaftler Peter Wichmann, der Terrorismus als Publizitäts- und Mobilisierungsstrategie versteht, untersucht die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede der Erscheinungsformen des Terrorismus seit dem 19. Jahrhundert und analysiert die Entwicklung der Al-Qaida seit ihrer Gründung 1988 bis zur Gegenwart. Der Autor belegt dabei Verbindungslinien zwischen der Al-Qaida-Mutterorganisation und ihren Tochterorganisationen sowie zu den terroristischen Zellen im Westen, die entgegen der populären These vom führungslosen Djihad Netzwerkstrukturen aufweisen. Ferner beleuchtet der Autor die Verflechtungen des globalen Djihad der Al-Qaida mit den salafistischen Netzwerken in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Religious Ideology And The Roots Of The Global Jihad

Author: J. Turner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137409576
Size: 14.60 MB
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Religious Ideology And The Roots Of The Global Jihad from the Author: J. Turner. The events of 9/11 prompted questions as to the origins, nature and purpose of international jihadist organisations. In particular, why had they chosen to target the US and the West in general? Turner's book provides a unique, holistic insight into these debates, taking into account historical perceptions and ideology as key factors.

Islamic Radicalism And Global Jihad

Author: Devin R. Springer
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589015789
Size: 13.64 MB
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Islamic Radicalism And Global Jihad from the Author: Devin R. Springer. Jihadist ideology inspires a diverse and decentralized collection of radical groups to fight alleged enemies of Islam and to attempt to “restore” a holy caliphate to unite Muslim peoples across the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad provides unique insights into the philosophical foundations, strategic vision, organizational dynamics, and tactics of the modern jihadist movement—with specific attention to its primary driver, Al-Qa’ida. Springer, Regens, and Edger draw heavily on Arabic language sources seldom seen in the West to explain what jihadists want and how radical thinkers have distorted the teachings of Islam to convince followers to pursue terrorism as a religious duty. With sophisticated and systematic analysis, the authors lead their readers on a fascinating intellectual journey through the differing ideas, goals, and vulnerabilities of the jihadist movement as it has evolved over time. The authors also impart wisdom from their own professional experience with terrorism, counterinsurgency, and intelligence to provide scholars, students, counterterrorism professionals, and general readers with this accessible overview of key radical Islamic thinkers and today’s jihadists.

Global Jihad

Author: Patrick Sookhdeo
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 0988593068
Size: 43.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Global Jihad from the Author: Patrick Sookhdeo. What is the driving force behind Islamist terrorism? Dr. Sookhdeo takes an in-depth look at the teachings of Islam, past and present, drawing on a wide range of sources including many Muslim writers. He examines the facets of Islam that could motivate the men and women of violence. This is an invaluable resource for decision-makers in politics, security, intelligence and military but will also be of great interest to any reader who seeks to understand the Islamist violence in the world today.

Terrorism In Cyberspace

Author: Gabriel Weimann
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023180136X
Size: 49.90 MB
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Terrorism In Cyberspace from the Author: Gabriel Weimann. The war on terrorism has not been won, Gabriel Weimann argues in Terrorism in Cyberspace, the successor to his seminal Terror on the Internet. Even though al-Qaeda’s leadership has been largely destroyed and its organization disrupted, terrorist attacks take 12,000 lives annually worldwide, and jihadist terrorist ideology continues to spread. How? Largely by going online and adopting a new method of organization. Terrorist structures, traditionally consisting of loose-net cells, divisions, and subgroups, are ideally suited for flourishing on the Internet through websites, e-mail, chat rooms, e-groups, forums, virtual message boards, YouTube, Google Earth, and other outlets. Terrorist websites, including social media platforms, now number close to 10,000. This book addresses three major questions: why and how terrorism went online; what recent trends can be discerned—such as engaging children and women, promoting lone wolf attacks, and using social media; and what future threats can be expected, along with how they can be reduced or countered. To answer these questions, Terrorism in Cyberspace analyzes content from more than 9,800 terrorist websites, and Weimann, who has been studying terrorism online since 1998, selects the most important kinds of web activity, describes their background and history, and surveys their content in terms of kind and intensity, the groups and prominent individuals involved, and effects. He highlights cyberterrorism against financial, governmental, and engineering infrastructure; efforts to monitor, manipulate, and disrupt terrorists’ online efforts; and threats to civil liberties posed by ill-directed efforts to suppress terrorists’ online activities as future, worrisome trends.

Wahhabi Islam From Revival And Reform To Global Jihad

Author: Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding Georgetown University Natana J. Delong-Bas Senior Research Assistant
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198037996
Size: 62.32 MB
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Wahhabi Islam From Revival And Reform To Global Jihad from the Author: Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding Georgetown University Natana J. Delong-Bas Senior Research Assistant. Before 9/11, few Westerners had heard of Wahhabism. Today, it is a household word. Frequently mentioned in association with Osama bin Laden, Wahhabism is portrayed by the media and public officials as an intolerant, puritanical, militant interpretation of Islam that calls for the wholesale destruction of the West in a jihad of global proportions. In the first study ever undertaken of the writings of Wahhabism's founder, Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1702-1791), Natana DeLong-Bas shatters these stereotypes and misconceptions. Her reading of Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's works produces a revisionist thesis: Ibn Abd al-Wahhab was not the godfather of contemporary terrorist movements. Rather, he was a voice of reform, reflecting mainstream 18th-century Islamic thought. His vision of Islamic society was based upon a monotheism in which Muslims, Christians and Jews were to enjoy peaceful co-existence and cooperative commercial and treaty relations. Eschewing medieval interpretations of the Quran and hadith (sayings and deeds of the prophet Muhammad), Ibn Abd al-Wahhab called for direct, historically contextualized interpretation of scripture by both women and men. His understanding of theology and Islamic law was rooted in Quranic values, rather than literal interpretations. A strong proponent of women's rights, he called for a balance of rights between women and men both within marriage and in access to education and public space. In the most comprehensive study of Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's interpretation of jihad ever written, DeLong-Bas details a vision in which jihad is strictly limited to the self-defense of the Muslim community against military aggression. Contemporary extremists like Osama bin Laden do not have their origins in Wahhabism, she shows. The hallmark jihadi focus on a cult of martyrdom, the strict division of the world into two necessarily opposing spheres, the wholescale destruction of both civilian life and property, and the call for global jihad are entirely absent from Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's writings. Instead, the militant stance of contemporary jihadism lies in adherence to the writings of the medieval scholar, Ibn Taymiyya, and the 20th century Egyptian radical, Sayyid Qutb. This pathbreaking book fills an enormous gap in the literature about Wahhabism by returning to the original writings of its founder. Bound to be controversial, it will be impossible to ignore.