Franciscan Spirituality And Mission In New Spain 1524 1599

Author: Steven E. Turley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317133269
Size: 67.24 MB
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Franciscan Spirituality And Mission In New Spain 1524 1599 from the Author: Steven E. Turley. Franciscans in sixteenth-century New Spain were deeply ambivalent about their mission work. Fray Juan de Zumárraga, the first archbishop of Mexico, begged the king to find someone else to do his job so that he could go home. Fray Juan de Ribas, one of the original twelve 'apostles of Mexico' and a founding pillar of the church in New Spain, later fled with eleven other friars into the wilderness to escape the demands of building that church. Fray Jerónimo de Mendieta, having returned from an important preaching tour in New Spain, wrote to his superior that he did not want to enlist again, and that the only way he would return to the mission field was if God dragged him by the hair. This discontent was widespread, grew stronger with time, and carried important consequences for the friars' interactions with indigenous peoples, their Catholic co-laborers, and colonial society at large. This book examines that discontent and seeks to explain why the exhilaration of joining such a 'glorious' enterprise so often gave way to grinding discontent. The core argument is that, despite St. Francis's own longing to do mission work, his followers in New Spain found that effective evangelization in a frontier context was fundamentally incompatible with their core spirituality. Bringing together two streams of historiography that have rarely overlapped - spirituality and missions - this book marks a strong contribution to the history of spirituality in both Latin America and Europe, as well as to the growing fields of transatlantic and world history.

Columbus And The Quest For Jerusalem

Author: Carol Delaney
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439102376
Size: 33.65 MB
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Columbus And The Quest For Jerusalem from the Author: Carol Delaney. An assessment of the character and motivations of Christopher Columbus reveals the passionate religious beliefs that motivated his famous voyages, and claims how he sought gold to finance a new crusade to restore Jerusalem to Christian control.

Dictionary Of Caribbean And Afro Latin American Biography

Author: Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780190614416
Size: 49.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dictionary Of Caribbean And Afro Latin American Biography from the Author: Henry Louis Gates, Jr.. "From Toussaint L'Ouverture to Pelae, the Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography will provide a comprehensive overview of the lives of Caribbeans and Afro-Latin Americans who are historically significant. The project will be unprecedented in scale, covering the entire Caribbean, and the Afro-descended populations throughout Latin America, including people who spoke and wrote Creole, Dutch, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish. It will also encompass the full scope of history, with entries on figures from the first forced slave migrations in the sixteenth centuries, to entries on living persons such as the Haitian musician and politician Wyclef Jean and the Cuban author and poet Nancy Morejaon. Individuals will be drawn from all walks of life including philosophers, politicians, activists, entertainers, scholars, poets, scientists, religious figures, kings, and everyday people whose lives have contributed to the history of the Caribbean and Latin America"--Provided by publisher.

The Native Conquistador

Author: Fernando De Alva Ixtlilxaochitl
Publisher: Penn State University Press
ISBN: 9780271066851
Size: 38.36 MB
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The Native Conquistador from the Author: Fernando De Alva Ixtlilxaochitl. "An English translation of Alva Ixtlilxochitl's "Thirteenth Relation," an early seventeenth-century narrative of the conquest of Mexico from Hernâan Cortâes's arrival in 1519 through his expedition into Central America in 1524"--Provided by publisher.

The History Of Witchcraft And Demonology

Author: Montague Summers
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486120902
Size: 21.91 MB
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The History Of Witchcraft And Demonology from the Author: Montague Summers. This classic of esoterica, written by the field's foremost scholar, employs colorful, little-known anecdotes and historical accounts to explore witchcraft, sorcery, necromancy, damnation, Satanism, and every variety of magic.

The Eagle And The Dragon

Author: Serge Gruzinski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745681328
Size: 20.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Eagle And The Dragon from the Author: Serge Gruzinski. In this important new book the renowned historian Serge Gruzinski returns to two episodes in the sixteenth century which mark a decisive stage in global history and show how China and Mexico experienced the expansion of Europe. In the early 1520s, Magellan set sail for Asia by the Western route, Cortes seized Mexico and some Portuguese based in Malacca dreamed of colonizing China. The Aztec Eagle was destroyed but the Chinese Dragon held strong and repelled the invaders - after first seizing their cannon. For the first time, people from three continents encountered one other, confronted one other and their lives became entangled. These events were of great interest to contemporaries and many people at the time grasped the magnitude of what was going on around them. The Iberians succeeded in America and failed in China. The New World became inseparable from the Europeans who were to conquer it, while the Celestial Empire became, for a long time to come, an unattainable goal. Gruzinski explores this encounter between civilizations that were different from one another but that already fascinated contemporaries, and he shows that our world today bears the mark of this distant age. For it was in the sixteenth century that human history began to be played out on a global stage. It was then that connections between different parts of the world began to accelerate, not only between Europe and the Americas but also between Europe and China. This is what is revealed by a global history of the sixteenth century, conceived as another way of reading the Renaissance, less Eurocentric and more in tune with our age.

Atlantic Africa And The Spanish Caribbean 1570 1640

Author: David Wheat
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469623803
Size: 14.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Atlantic Africa And The Spanish Caribbean 1570 1640 from the Author: David Wheat. This work resituates the Spanish Caribbean as an extension of the Luso-African Atlantic world from the late sixteenth to the mid-seventeenth century, when the union of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns facilitated a surge in the transatlantic slave trade. After the catastrophic decline of Amerindian populations on the islands, two major African provenance zones, first Upper Guinea and then Angola, contributed forced migrant populations with distinct experiences to the Caribbean. They played a dynamic role in the social formation of early Spanish colonial society in the fortified port cities of Cartagena de Indias, Havana, Santo Domingo, and Panama City and their semirural hinterlands. David Wheat is the first scholar to establish this early phase of the "Africanization" of the Spanish Caribbean two centuries before the rise of large-scale sugar plantations. With African migrants and their descendants comprising demographic majorities in core areas of Spanish settlement, Luso-Africans, Afro-Iberians, Latinized Africans, and free people of color acted more as colonists or settlers than as plantation slaves. These ethnically mixed and economically diversified societies constituted a region of overlapping Iberian and African worlds, while they made possible Spain's colonization of the Caribbean.

The Secret Teachings Of All Ages

Author: Manly P. Hall
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN: 8892676849
Size: 16.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Secret Teachings Of All Ages from the Author: Manly P. Hall. Like no other book of the twentieth century, Manly P. Hall's legendary The Secret Teachings of All Ages is a codex to the ancient occult and esoteric traditions of the world. Students of hidden wisdom, ancient symbols, and arcane practices treasure Hall's magnum opus above all other works.

The Encyclopedia Of Angels

Author: Rosemary Guiley
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438130023
Size: 25.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Encyclopedia Of Angels from the Author: Rosemary Guiley. An encyclopedia describing and giving the history of angels from the time when the earth was created forward, using texts from Hebrew, Arabic, ancient and contemporary works.