Computing With Words In Information Intelligent Systems 2

Author: Lotfi A. Zadeh
Publisher: Physica
ISBN: 3790818720
Size: 36.32 MB
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Computing With Words In Information Intelligent Systems 2 from the Author: Lotfi A. Zadeh. These two volumes consisting of Foundations and Applications provide the current status of theoretical and empirical developments in "computing with words". In philosophy, the twentieth century is said to be the century of language. This is mainly due to Wittgenstein who said: "The meaning of a word is its use in the language game". "The concept game is a concept with blurred edges". In the first phrase, "the language game" implies the everyday human activity with language, and in the latter, "game" simply implies an ordinary word. Thus, Wittgenstein precisely stated that a word is fuzzy in real life. Unfortunately this idea about a word was not accepted in the conventional science. We had to wait for Zadeh's fuzzy sets theory. Remembering Wittgenstein's statement, we should consider, on the one hand, the concept of "computing with words" from a philosophical point of view. It deeply relates to the everyday use of a word in which the meaning of a word is fuzzy in its nature.

Evolutionary Algorithms In Engineering Applications

Author: Dipankar Dasgupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540620211
Size: 10.30 MB
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Evolutionary Algorithms In Engineering Applications from the Author: Dipankar Dasgupta. Evolutionary algorithms are simple, easy to interface, and easy to extend. This volume discusses how they can be applied in different fields of engineering.

Classification And Modeling With Linguistic Information Granules

Author: Hisao Ishibuchi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540268758
Size: 69.31 MB
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Classification And Modeling With Linguistic Information Granules from the Author: Hisao Ishibuchi. Many approaches have already been proposed for classification and modeling in the literature. These approaches are usually based on mathematical mod els. Computer systems can easily handle mathematical models even when they are complicated and nonlinear (e.g., neural networks). On the other hand, it is not always easy for human users to intuitively understand mathe matical models even when they are simple and linear. This is because human information processing is based mainly on linguistic knowledge while com puter systems are designed to handle symbolic and numerical information. A large part of our daily communication is based on words. We learn from various media such as books, newspapers, magazines, TV, and the Inter net through words. We also communicate with others through words. While words play a central role in human information processing, linguistic models are not often used in the fields of classification and modeling. If there is no goal other than the maximization of accuracy in classification and model ing, mathematical models may always be preferred to linguistic models. On the other hand, linguistic models may be chosen if emphasis is placed on interpretability.

Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes

Author: Hendrik Richter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642418880
Size: 16.73 MB
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Recent Advances In The Theory And Application Of Fitness Landscapes from the Author: Hendrik Richter. This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.

Financial Fitness For Life

Author: John E. Clow
Publisher: Council for Economic Educat
ISBN: 9781561835485
Size: 13.99 MB
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Financial Fitness For Life from the Author: John E. Clow.

Deadline Fitness

Author: Gina Lombardi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470481110
Size: 53.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Deadline Fitness from the Author: Gina Lombardi. From top celebrity fitness trainer Gina Lombardi--deadline-focused weight-loss and fitness secrets to shape up for special occasions Whether it's a wedding in two months or the Academy Awards 30 days away, many people feel stressed out about getting fit and looking their best for a big occasion. In Deadline Fitness, readers can find the perfect program to meet their weight-loss and fitness goals. With five individualized plans for different time frames, the book combines proven, easy-to-follow exercise and eating plans with dramatic, inspiring stories about the special life events that spur us to tone up and look great.

Being Fluent With Information Technology

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309173131
Size: 19.87 MB
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Being Fluent With Information Technology from the Author: National Research Council. Computers, communications, digital information, softwareâ€"the constituents of the information ageâ€"are everywhere. Being computer literate, that is technically competent in two or three of today’s software applications, is not enough anymore. Individuals who want to realize the potential value of information technology (IT) in their everyday lives need to be computer fluentâ€"able to use IT effectively today and to adapt to changes tomorrow. Being Fluent with Information Technology sets the standard for what everyone should know about IT in order to use it effectively now and in the future. It explores three kinds of knowledgeâ€"intellectual capabilities, foundational concepts, and skillsâ€"that are essential for fluency with IT. The book presents detailed descriptions and examples of current skills and timeless concepts and capabilities, which will be useful to individuals who use IT and to the instructors who teach them.

Information Computing And Applications

Author: Baoxiang Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642252540
Size: 71.35 MB
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Information Computing And Applications from the Author: Baoxiang Liu. This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Information Computing and Applications, ICICA 2010, held in Qinhuangdao, China, in October 2011. The 97 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They are organized in topical sections on computational economics and finance, computational statistics, mobile computing and applications, social networking and computing, intelligent computing and applications, internet and Web computing, paralelle and distributed computing, and system simulation and computing.

Foundations Of Genetic Algorithms 1993 Foga 2

Author: FOGA
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0080948324
Size: 61.26 MB
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Foundations Of Genetic Algorithms 1993 Foga 2 from the Author: FOGA. Foundations of Genetic Algorithms, Volume 2 provides insight of theoretical work in genetic algorithms. This book provides a general understanding of a canonical genetic algorithm. Organized into six parts encompassing 19 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of genetic algorithms in the broader adaptive systems context. This text then reviews some results in mathematical genetics that use probability distributions to characterize the effects of recombination on multiple loci in the absence of selection. Other chapters examine the static building block hypothesis (SBBH), which is the underlying assumption used to define deception. This book discusses as well the effect of noise on the quality of convergence of genetic algorithms. The final chapter deals with the primary goal in machine learning and artificial intelligence, which is to dynamically and automatically decompose problems into simpler problems to facilitate their solution. This book is a valuable resource for theorists and genetic algorithm researchers.