Evolving Animals

Author: Wallace Arthur
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107049636
Size: 55.22 MB
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Evolving Animals from the Author: Wallace Arthur. Covering all the main animal groups, from jellyfish to mammals, this book unravels the story of animal evolution.

Evolving Animals

Author: Wallace Arthur
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316061477
Size: 53.13 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3948
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Evolving Animals from the Author: Wallace Arthur. What do we know about animal evolution in the early twenty-first century? How much more do we know today than Darwin did? What are the most exciting discoveries that have been made in the last few decades? Covering all the main animal groups, from jellyfish to mammals, this book considers all of these questions and more. Its 30 short chapters, each written in a conversational, nontechnical style and accompanied by numerous original illustrations, deal equally with the pattern and the process of evolution - with both evolutionary trees and evolutionary mechanisms. They cover diverse evolutionary themes, including: the animal toolkit, natural selection, embryos and larvae, animal consciousness, fossils, human evolution, and even the possibility of animal life existing elsewhere than on Earth. This unique text will make an excellent introduction for undergraduates and others with an interest in the subject.

Companion Animal Medicine Evolving Infectious Toxicological And Parasitic Diseases An Issue Of Veterinary Clinics Small Animal Practice

Author: Sanjay Kapil
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 145570914X
Size: 73.73 MB
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Companion Animal Medicine Evolving Infectious Toxicological And Parasitic Diseases An Issue Of Veterinary Clinics Small Animal Practice from the Author: Sanjay Kapil. A current review of infectious, toxicological and parasitic diseases in suburban companion animal medicine! Topics to be covered include: canine distemper spillover in domestic dogs from wildlife, emerging viruses in canine infectious respiratory disease complex, snake bite toxicity, canine brucellosis management, canine astrovirus infection, canine abortions and adult dog respiratory disease due to herpes viruses, hepatazoon infestations in the USA, canine corona virus infection, controversies surrounding diagnosis and management of feline infectious peritonitis, norovirus infections in dogs, caninepapilloma virus infections, feline immunodeficiency virus infection, feline respiratory disease complex, and much more!

From Animals To Animats 2

Author: Jean-Arcady Meyer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262631495
Size: 60.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From Animals To Animats 2 from the Author: Jean-Arcady Meyer. More than sixty contributions in From Animals to Animats 2 byresearchers in ethology, ecology, cybernetics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and related fieldsinvestigate behaviors and the underlying mechanisms that allow animals and, potentially, robots toadapt and survive in uncertain environments. Jean-Arcady Meyer is Director of Research, CNRS, Paris.Herbert L. Roitblat is Professor of Psychology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Stewart W.Wilson is a scientist at The Rowland Institute for Science, Cambridge,Massachusetts. Topics covered: The Animat Approach to Adaptive Behavior,Perception and Motor Control, Action Selection and Behavioral Sequences, Cognitive Maps and InternalWorld Models, Learning, Evolution, Collective Behavior.

Convergent Evolution

Author: George R. McGhee
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262016427
Size: 29.69 MB
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Convergent Evolution from the Author: George R. McGhee. Charles Darwin famously concluded On the Origin of Species with a vision of "endless forms most beautiful" continually evolving. More than 150 years later many evolutionary biologists see not endless forms but the same, or very similar, forms evolving repeatedly in many independent species lineages. A porpoise's fishlike fins, for example, are not inherited from fish ancestors but are independently derived convergent traits. In this book, George McGhee describes the ubiquity of the phenomenon of convergent evolution and connects it directly to the concept of evolutionary constraint--the idea that the number of evolutionary pathways available to life are not endless, but quite limited. Convergent evolution occurs on all levels, from tiny organic molecules to entire ecosystems of species. McGhee demonstrates its ubiquity in animals, both herbivore and carnivore; in plants; in ecosystems; in molecules, including DNA, proteins, and enzymes; and even in minds, describing problem-solving behavior and group behavior as the products of convergence. For each species example, he provides an abbreviated list of the major nodes in its phylogenetic classification, allowing the reader to see the evolutionary relationship of a group of species that have independently evolved a similar trait by convergent evolution. McGhee analyzes the role of functional and developmental constraints in producing convergent evolution, and considers the scientific and philosophical implications of convergent evolution for the predictability of the evolutionary process.

Evolving Insight

Author: Richard W. Byrne
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198757077
Size: 50.13 MB
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Evolving Insight from the Author: Richard W. Byrne. 'Insight' is not a very popular word in psychology or biology. Popular terms-like "intelligence", "planning", "complexity" or "cognitive"- have a habit of sprawling out to include everyone's favourite interpretation, and end up with such vague meanings that each new writer has to redefine them for use. Insight remains in everyday usage: as a down-to-earth, lay term for a deep, shrewd or discerning kind of understanding. Insight is a good thing to have, so it's important to find out how it evolved, and that's what this book is about. Coming 30 years after publication of Richard Byrne's seminal book The Thinking Ape, Evolving Insight develops a new theory of the evolutionary origins of human abilities to understand the world of objects and other people. Defining mental representation and computation as 'insight', it reviews the evidence for insight in the cognition of animals. The book proposes that the understanding of causality and intentionality evolved twice in human ancestry: the "pretty good" understanding given by behaviour parsing, shared with other apes and related to cerebellar expansion; and the deeper understanding which requires language to model and is unique to humans. However, Ape-type insight may underlie non-verbal tests of intentionality and causal understanding, and much everyday human action. Accessible to those with little background in the topic, Evolving Insight is an important new work for anyone with an interest in psychology and the biological sciences.

From Animals To Animats 11

Author: Stephane Doncieux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642151922
Size: 35.32 MB
Format: PDF
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From Animals To Animats 11 from the Author: Stephane Doncieux.

Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia Of Human Evolution 2 Volume Set

Author: Bernard Wood
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444342475
Size: 44.56 MB
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Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia Of Human Evolution 2 Volume Set from the Author: Bernard Wood. This comprehensive A to Z encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of important scientific terms related to improving our understanding of how we evolved. Specifically, the 5,000 entries in this two-volume set cover evidence and methods used to investigate the relationships among the living great apes, evidence about what makes the behavior of modern humans distinctive, and evidence about the evolutionary history of that distinctiveness, as well as information about modern methods used to trace the recent evolutionary history of modern human populations. This text provides a resource for everyone studying the emergence of Homo sapiens. Visit the companion site www.woodhumanevolution.com to browse additional references and updates from this comprehensive encyclopedia.

Earth S Evolving Systems The History Of Planet Earth

Author: Ronald Martin
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763780014
Size: 25.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Earth S Evolving Systems The History Of Planet Earth from the Author: Ronald Martin. Earth's Evolving Systems: The History of Planet Earth is intended as an introductory text that examines the evolution of the Earth and its life from a systems point of view. The text covers major topics like the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere, and discusses how these systems interacted with each other and evolved through geologic time. The author takes care to integrate the current state of our Earth systems with those of the past in an effort to develop students' interests in Earth system in general. It begins by examining the basics of Earth systems, including discussions of sedimentation, evolution, stratigraphy, and plate tectonics. Part Two looks at the beginning of time with the origin of the Earth and discusses its early evolution, through the origin of life and its evolution to multiculluraity. The third section goes on to cover the Paleozoic through the Neogene eras, discussing topics such as tectonics, mountain building, sea level, climate, life, and mass extinctions in each era. The final part moves on to the modern world, discussing the interactions between humans and Earth systems, with an emphasis on the climatic system. Key Features of Earth's Evolving System: - Presents the Earth as a continuously evolving and dynamic planet whose history consists of a succession of vastly different worlds very much unlike our modern Earth. - Discusses the scientific method in Chapter 1, emphasizing how historical geology differs from the standard "scientific method" presented as the paradigm of experimental sciences and of all science. - Bridges traditional historical geology texts by discussing historical information in the context of the interaction and integration of Earth systems through geologic time by using the tectonic (Wilson) cycle as a unifying theme. - Concentrates on North America but offers a global perspective on Earth systems on processes such as orogenesis, seaways, and ocean circulation, the evolution of life, and mass extinction. - Discusses rapid climate change and anthropogenic impacts in the context of a continuously evolving Earth whose environments are now being altered by anthropogenic climate change. - End-of-chapter materials include: general review questions, more challenging "Food for Thought" questions, key terms listing, and a "Sources and Further Readings" section. - Boxes throughout the text highlight interesting bits of related information, unusual occurrences, or elaborates on material presented in the text

Among Animals 2 The Lives Of Animals And Humans In Contemporary Short Fiction

Author: Sascha Morrell
Publisher: Ashland Creek Press
ISBN: 1618220462
Size: 35.36 MB
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Among Animals 2 The Lives Of Animals And Humans In Contemporary Short Fiction from the Author: Sascha Morrell. A second collection of critically acclaimed stories that affirm the bond among humans and animals The relationships among human and non-human animals have captivated writers since the beginning of time—and the ways in which these relationships have evolved (and sometimes have not) continue to inspire writers of contemporary short fiction around the world. This carefully curated collection of stories explores the ways in which we live among—and often in conflict with—our non-human counterparts. These stories feature animals from the familiar (pets and strays) to the wild (deer and birds) to the less beloved but no less important (cockroaches and fish). Within these pages are glimpses of the world through the eyes of those who live among, who rescue, and who study these animals, and these collected tales highlight the ways in which animals and humans understand and challenge one another. Among Animals 2 continues the tradition of gathering stories from the world’s most gifted contemporary authors—those who pay close attention to the creatures with whom we share our planet, and who inspire us to pay closer attention as well.