Evolution Of The Brain Creation Of The Self

Author: John C. Eccles
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134968353
Size: 29.64 MB
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Evolution Of The Brain Creation Of The Self from the Author: John C. Eccles. Sir John Eccles, a distinguished scientist and Nobel Prize winner who has devoted his scientific life to the study of the mammalian brain, tells the story of how we came to be, not only as animals at the end of the hominid evolutionary line, but also as human persons possessed of reflective consciousness.

The Shattered Self

Author: Pierre Baldi
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262523349
Size: 45.14 MB
Format: PDF
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The Shattered Self from the Author: Pierre Baldi. An exploration of the far-reaching scientific and social changes made possible by advances in molecular biotechnology.

Author: Ювал Ной Харарі
Publisher: Family Leisure Club
ISBN: 6171217425
Size: 26.83 MB
Format: PDF
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from the Author: Ювал Ной Харарі. Дослідження, що стало світовим бестселером № 1 за версією The New York Times та лідером продажів на Amazon.com, ламає усталені уявлення про земну історію від появи людини й народження мови до сьогодення і примушує задуматися: шлях розвитку наших предків міг бути зовсім іншим. Долучіться до історичної розвідки, і вас приголомшать неочікувані й сміливі припущення. У книжці ви не знайдете нудної хронології та сухих дат, але разом з автором розмірковуватимете про численні «чому?». ▶ Чому Людина Розумна отримала шанс на майбутнє та що винищило її найближчих древніх родичів? ▶ Чому перехід від збиральництва до сільського господарства став пасткою для людини й погіршив її життя? ▶ Чому могутні імперії інків та монголів зазнали краху та були переможені нечисленними групами європейців? ▶ Що таке «теорія пліток» і як розмови про те, чого насправді не існує, підняли людину на вищий щабель цивілізації? ▶ Що спільного між релігією та ідеологією? Чим відрізняються християнство та буддизм? ▶ Як гроші та кредити стали однією з основних рушійних сил цивілізації? ▶ Чому зруйновані імперії досі керують людством?

The Evolution Of Religion

Author: Bernard J. Verkamp
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780940866492
Size: 74.13 MB
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The Evolution Of Religion from the Author: Bernard J. Verkamp. This work attempts to unify material on religion from various fields into one coherent framework, showing that it has evolved just like any other cultural entity. Religion is presented as a complex phenomenon, a complexity arising not from the environment but from the inner structure of the soul.

Metabolic Ecology

Author: Richard M. Sibly
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119968518
Size: 10.25 MB
Format: PDF
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Metabolic Ecology from the Author: Richard M. Sibly. One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

The Creation Of Sensation And The Evolution Of Consciousness

Author: E T Mullin
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595468519
Size: 78.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Creation Of Sensation And The Evolution Of Consciousness from the Author: E T Mullin. Too many people have little regard for their lives, as though they consider it out of their hands and beyond control. Should we just absorb the slings and arrows, or should we look for truth and how to cope with it? There is nothing more crucial to the life of an organism than its nervous system. It is the source of all sensation, action, and motivation. In short, it is the mechanism that sustains life. Sensation is the nervous system's communications facility; it monitors all incoming events that impact the body and directs them to the brain where they can be analyzed and acted upon. To be precisely understood, the brain communicates in just one language-the language of "sensation". Universally used throughout the human nervous system, we see examples of sensation language in its messages to us, such as touch, taste, smell, sound and sight-our five senses. But these are only examples of its extensive use. Sensation began with life, itself, and evolved from meager beginnings into its enormous variations in modern humans. Within all organisms, the occurrence of each sensation corresponds to a unit of consciousness.

Evolution And Progress In Democracies

Author: Johann Götschl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402000638
Size: 53.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Evolution And Progress In Democracies from the Author: Johann Götschl. In a ground-breaking series of articles, one of them written by a Nobel Laureate, this volume demonstrates the evolutionary dynamic and the transformation of today's democratic societies into scientific-democratic societies. It highlights the progress of modeling individual and societal evaluation by neo-Bayesian utility theory. It shows how social learning and collective opinion formation work, and how democracies cope with randomness caused by randomizers. Nonlinear `evolution equations' and serial stochastic matrices of evolutionary game theory allow us to optimally compute possible serial evolutionary solutions of societal conflicts. But in democracies progress can be defined as any positive, gradual, innovative and creative change of culturally used, transmitted and stored mentifacts (models, theories), sociofacts (customs, opinions), artifacts and technifacts, within and across generations. The most important changes are caused, besides randomness, by conflict solutions and their realizations by citizens who follow democratic laws. These laws correspond to the extended Pareto principle, a supreme, socioethical democratic rule. According to this principle, progress is any increase in the individual and collective welfare which is achieved during any evolutionary progress. Central to evolutionary modeling is the criterion of the empirical realization of computed solutions. Applied to serial conflict solutions (decisions), evolutionary trajectories are formed; they become the most influential causal attractors of the channeling of societal evolution. Democratic constitutions, legal systems etc., store all advantageous, present and past, adaptive, competitive, cooperative and collective solutions and their rules; they have been accepted by majority votes. Societal laws are codes of statutes (default or statistical rules), and they serve to optimally solve societal conflicts, in analogy to game theoretical models or to statistical decision theory. Such solutions become necessary when we face harmful or advantageous random events always lurking at the edge of societal and external chaos. The evolutionary theory of societal evolution in democracies presents a new type of stochastic theory; it is based on default rules and stresses realization. The rules represent the change of our democracies into information, science and technology-based societies; they will revolutionize social sciences, especially economics. Their methods have already found their way into neural brain physiology and research into intelligence. In this book, neural activity and the creativity of human thinking are no longer regarded as linear-deductive. Only evolutive nonlinear thinking can include multiple causal choices by many individuals and the risks of internal and external randomness; this serves the increasing welfare of all individuals and society as a whole. Evolution and Progress in Democracies is relevant for social scientists, economists, evolution theorists, statisticians, philosophers, philosophers of science, and interdisciplinary researchers.

Evolution Culture And Consciousness

Author: Thomas Edward McNamara
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761827658
Size: 16.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Evolution Culture And Consciousness from the Author: Thomas Edward McNamara. Thomas McNamara, in Evolution, Culture, and Consciousness, presents the first comprehensive theory of human perception and consciousness based on the generally accepted principles of evolutionary psychology. This theory, building on the best evolutionary research, explains that just a few simple neurological changes in the primate brain account for human speech, self-consciousness and the creation of meaning out of experience. All primates can learn, but our species evolved a new instinct for learning, which makes childhood learning just as powerful as the other biological instincts found in all other primates. McNamara shows that children are genetically programmed to learn not just what to think, but how to think, shaping the preconscious process for creating meaning out of experience. However, because our environment has changed radically since our origin, this archaic form of consciousness has become a major block to human development and success. After explaining how we have all been programmed to preconsciously create meaning out of experience, McNamara shows how we can create a new and more successful way of thinking and feeling, resulting in a happier, more productive, stress free life.