The Eu Services Directive Gains From Further Liberalization

Author: Emilio Fernández Corugedo
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498314333
Size: 17.81 MB
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The Eu Services Directive Gains From Further Liberalization from the Author: Emilio Fernández Corugedo. The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, which allows countries to maintain pre-existing restrictions if judged necessary to protect the public interest. Through input output analysis, this paper finds important multiplier effects of greater efficiency services to the rest of the economy. A renewed impulse to the liberalization process could be given by enhancing the advocacy role of national competition authorities in interpreting the notion of public interest underpinning existing regulations.

Should Britain Leave The Eu

Author: Patrick Minford
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785360337
Size: 30.51 MB
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Should Britain Leave The Eu from the Author: Patrick Minford. Placed in the context of the upcoming referendum, this second edition brings up to date a thorough review of all economic aspects of the UK's membership of the EU. It notes the intention of the EU to move to 'ever closer union' and the nature of the regulatory and general economic philosophy of its dominant members, whose position is enforced by qualified majority voting. The book highlights the UK’s dilemma that, while extending free markets to its local region is attractive, this European philosophy and closer union are substantially at odds with the UK's traditions of free markets and freedom under the common law. This comprehensive examination of the economic costs and benefits of membership uses state-of-the-art modeling methods and includes estimates of its net costs as a percentage of GDP. The book explains how the decision to leave would follow from a judgement on the political economy of the EU as compared with that of the UK. It details the misconceptions involved in much of the debate about trade with the EU, and argues that the key issue is not access to markets but rather the prices at which trade takes place. Covered in careful detail is the economics of the UK’s trade with the EU in the key sectors of agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

France Selected Issues

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513518828
Size: 33.52 MB
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France Selected Issues from the Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.. This Selected Issues paper analyzes expenditure reforms in France. After decades of rising public spending and successive tax increases, the medium-term fiscal consolidation path described in the 2015 Stability Program is now fully expenditure based. However, recent efforts of nominal spending containment have not delivered the intended savings in the context of low growth and inflation. A thorough review of the efficiency of public spending could help prepare more fundamental reforms of spending programs and processes to underpin a lasting reduction in expenditures, which reached a record high of 57.2 percent of GDP in 2014.

Oecd Economic Surveys France 2015

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264206485
Size: 21.66 MB
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Oecd Economic Surveys France 2015 from the Author: OECD. This OECD Economic Survey of France examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters cover competition, adult training and skills.

Democratizing Legal Services

Author: Laura Snyder
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498529801
Size: 41.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Democratizing Legal Services from the Author: Laura Snyder. We live in a “law-thick” world. For individuals and organizations in both the public and private sectors, navigating the large number of complex laws, rules, institutions, and procedures that pervade American life is virtually impossible without some assistance. Some argue that "there are too many lawyers." Others argue that the unmet need for legal services is so high that it constitutes a human rights crisis. This book exposes why it is easy to access legal services for some, while it is virtually impossible for others, and why some lawyers have successful careers, but others cannot. This book argues that the problems plaguing legal services in the US can be only be addressed by a radical overhaul of the rules that govern how legal services may be delivered, as well as radical changes to who exercises the power to make those rules. Through interviews with those with experience with alternative legal service providers, this book exposes the formidable obstacles that exist along the path to those changes, as well as the opportunities that await. More information can be found at: www.notjustforlawyers.com

Exports In A Tariff Free Environment

Author: Jesmin Rahman
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513509454
Size: 63.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Exports In A Tariff Free Environment from the Author: Jesmin Rahman. How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural control for barrier-free environment, points to the importance of structural reforms, particularly in the areas of higher education, skills upgrade, wage structure’s ability to provide incentives to work and foreign investment environment. In addition, establishing links with supply chains, which in addition to the above-mentioned reforms also depend on better institutions and infrastructure, are important. The analysis in the paper shows that new member states are at varying levels of quality and integration, which highlights the need for country-specific policy priorities. Services trade, which is subject to significant non-tariff barriers in the EU market even after the implementation of the Services Directive, shows considerable room for growth given the comparative advantage of some of the new member states.

Central And Eastern Europe

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484322568
Size: 51.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Central And Eastern Europe from the Author: International Monetary Fund.

France 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For France

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498324169
Size: 21.60 MB
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France 2014 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For France from the Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.. This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of France fared better than most other large euro areas economies through the crisis, reflecting the resilience of private consumption, lack of financial fragmentation, and lower levels of household and corporate debt. Banks’ financial position has also been strengthened. But after two years of near stagnation, unemployment remains high. A loss of competitiveness has also weighed on growth. The outlook is for a gradual recovery, with GDP growth projected at 0.7 percent in 2014 and 1.4 percent in 2015, based on stronger external and domestic private demand, reflecting gains in real disposable income and improved profit margins.

Oecd Economic Surveys Slovak Republic 2014

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264207066
Size: 14.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Oecd Economic Surveys Slovak Republic 2014 from the Author: OECD. OECD's 2014 Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters cover reforming the public sector and spurring growth in lagging regions.

Central And Eastern Europe

Author:
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475564961
Size: 42.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Central And Eastern Europe from the Author: . KEY ISSUES 2014 marked the tenth anniversary of accession to the EU of the first group of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. The first NMS Policy Forum was launched in the fall of 2014 as a platform for discussing policy frameworks and issues relevant for non-euro area NMS. It brought together representatives of the six CEE countries that are EU members but are not yet in the euro area - Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania (NMS-6), as well as the ECB, the European Commission and the IMF. Discussions focused on four themes: Euro adoption: A once sizeable c.