The Progressive Poetics Of Confusion In The French Enlightenment

Author: John C. O'Neal
Publisher: University of Delaware
ISBN: 1611490251
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The Progressive Poetics Of Confusion In The French Enlightenment from the Author: John C. O'Neal. In The Progressive Poetics of Confusion in the French Enlightenment, John C. O'Neal draws largely on the etymological meaning of the word confusion as the action of mixing or blending in order to trace the development of this project which, he claims, aimed to reject dogmatic thinking in all of its forms and recognized the need to embrace complexity. Eighteenth-century thinkers used the notion of confusion in a progressive way to reorganize social classes, literary forms, metaphysical substances, scientific methods, and cultural categories such as taste and gender. In this new work, O'Neal explores some of the paradoxes of the Enlightenment's theories of knowledge. Each of the chapters in this book attempts to address the questions raised by the eighteenth century's particular approach to confusion as a paradoxical reorganizing principle for the period's progressive agenda. Perhaps the most paradoxical thinker of his times, Diderot occupies a central place in this study of confusion. Other authors include Marivaux, CrZbillon, Voltaire, and Pinel, among others. Rousseau and Sade serve as counterexamples to this kind of enlightenment but ultimately do not so much oppose the period's poetics of confusion as they complement it. The final chapter on Sade combines contemporary discussions of politics, society, culture, philosophy, and science in an encyclopedic way that at once reflects the entire period's tendencies and establishes important differences between Sade's thinking and that of the mainstream philosophes. Ultimately, confusion serves, O'Neal argues, as an overarching positive notion for the Enlightenment and its progressive ideals.

The Cambridge History Of French Literature

Author: William Burgwinkle
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521897866
Size: 65.26 MB
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The Cambridge History Of French Literature from the Author: William Burgwinkle. The most comprehensive history of literature written in French ever produced in English.

Singularities In Gravitational Systems

Author: Daniel Benest
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540480099
Size: 14.90 MB
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Singularities In Gravitational Systems from the Author: Daniel Benest. Chaos theory plays an important role in modern physics and related sciences, but -, the most important results so far have been obtained in the study of gravitational systems applied to celestial mechanics. The present set of lectures introduces the mathematical methods used in the theory of singularities in gravitational systems, reviews modeling techniques for the simulation of close encounters and presents the state of the art about the study of diffusion of comets, wandering asteroids, meteors and planetary ring particles. The book will be of use to researchers and graduate students alike.

Workflows For E Science

Author: Ian J. Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846287572
Size: 27.92 MB
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Workflows For E Science from the Author: Ian J. Taylor. This is a timely book presenting an overview of the current state-of-the-art within established projects, presenting many different aspects of workflow from users to tool builders. It provides an overview of active research, from a number of different perspectives. It includes theoretical aspects of workflow and deals with workflow for e-Science as opposed to e-Commerce. The topics covered will be of interest to a wide range of practitioners.

Passion For The Human Subject

Author: Bernard Penot
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1780494319
Size: 10.79 MB
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Passion For The Human Subject from the Author: Bernard Penot. Each one of us has to be born "inter urinas et faeces", as St. Augustine so strikingly put it. More recently, Freud's 1915 discovery of 'instincts' - that is, 'drives' - and their 'viscitudes' leads us further to envision a human subjectivity that would have nothing mataphysical about it. The baby's "feeling of himself" first arises in the midst of the earliest interactions with his parental partner, establishing his 'drive monatges' whose acomplishment forms a circuit latching on to something in the first other.In the course of these early interactions, the 'new subject' evoked by Freud will gradually take on its own qualities, accoridng to the signifcations that it can grasp in the primordial partner's messages, responding to the baby's manifestation of needs. One of Lacan's key ideas is that 'signifiers' are percieved first of all in the Other. The Freudian subject may then be defined as 'an agent of corporeal energy caught up in a signifying relation with his parental other (already a subject)'. As a conseqeuence of the newborn's 'prematurity and subjection', the incomparable development of human subjectivity occurs through a sort of passion - the same passion that must be revisited in every psychoanalytic treatment. And what could be more 'passionately'engaging than the precariousness of this complex function? The preconditions for it appear most clearly when the psychoanalysis runs up against its own limits - for example, when dealing with grave problems of 'subjectivisation' in the adolescent.

Recent Advances In Boundary Element Methods

Author: George Manolis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402097107
Size: 40.39 MB
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Recent Advances In Boundary Element Methods from the Author: George Manolis. This volume, dedicated to Professor Dimitri Beskos, contains contributions from leading researchers in Europe, the USA, Japan and elsewhere, and addresses the needs of the computational mechanics research community in terms of timely information on boundary integral equation-based methods and techniques applied to a variety of fields. The contributors are well-known scientists, who also happen to be friends, collaborators as past students of Dimitri Beskos. Dimitri is one the BEM pioneers who started his career at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, USA, in the 1970s and is now with the University of Patras in Patras, Greece. The book is essentially a collection of both original and review articles on contemporary Boundary Element Methods (BEM) as well as on the newer Mesh Reduction Methods (MRM), covering a variety of research topics. Close to forty contributions compose an over-500 page volume that is rich in detail and wide in terms of breadth of coverage of the subject of integral equation formulations and solutions in both solid and fluid mechanics.

The Perils Of Belonging

Author: Peter Geschiere
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226289664
Size: 11.32 MB
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The Perils Of Belonging from the Author: Peter Geschiere. Despite being told that we now live in a cosmopolitan world, more and more people have begun to assert their identities in ways that are deeply rooted in the local. These claims of autochthony—meaning “born from the soil”—seek to establish an irrefutable, primordial right to belong and are often employed in politically charged attempts to exclude outsiders. In The Perils of Belonging, Peter Geschiere traces the concept of autochthony back to the classical period and incisively explores the idea in two very different contexts: Cameroon and the Netherlands. In both countries, the momentous economic and political changes following the end of the cold war fostered anxiety over migration. For Cameroonians, the question of who belongs where rises to the fore in political struggles between different tribes, while the Dutch invoke autochthony in fierce debates over the integration of immigrants. This fascinating comparative perspective allows Geschiere to examine the emotional appeal of autochthony—as well as its dubious historical basis—and to shed light on a range of important issues, such as multiculturalism, national citizenship, and migration.

Decolonizing Christianity

Author: Darcie Fontaine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107118174
Size: 75.67 MB
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Decolonizing Christianity from the Author: Darcie Fontaine. This book traces Christianity's change from European imperialism's moral foundation to a voice of political and social change during decolonization.

Computer Security Esorics 2009

Author: Michael Backes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642044441
Size: 27.40 MB
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Computer Security Esorics 2009 from the Author: Michael Backes. This book constitutes the proceedings of the 14th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, ESORICS 2009, held in Saint-Malo, France, in September 2009. The 42 papers included in the book were carefully reviewed and selected from 220 papers. The topics covered are network security, information flow, language based security, access control, privacy, distributed systems security, security primitives, web security, cryptography, protocols, and systems security and forensics.

Collaboration Between Human And Artificial Societies

Author: Julian A. Padget
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354046624X
Size: 11.87 MB
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Collaboration Between Human And Artificial Societies from the Author: Julian A. Padget. The full title of the HCM network project behind this volume is VIM: A virtual multicomputer for symbolic applications. The three strands which bound the network together were parallel systems, advanced compilation techniques andarti?cialintelligence witha commonsubstrate in the programminglanguage Lisp. The initial aim of the project was to demonstrate how the combination of these three technologies could be used to build a virtual multicomputer — an ephemeral, persistent machine of available heterogeneous computing resources — for large scale symbolic applications . The system would support a virtual processor abstraction to distribute data and tasks across the multicomputer, the actual physical composition of which may change dynamically. Our practical objective was to assist in the prototyping of dynamic distributed symbolic app- cations in arti?cial intelligence using whatever resources are available (probably networked workstations), so that the developed program could also be run on more exotic hardware without reprogramming. What we had not foreseen at the outset of the project was how agents would unify the strands at the application level, as distinct from the system level o- lined above. It was as a result of the agent in?uence that we held two workshops in May and December 1997 with the title “Collaboration between human and arti?cial societies”. The papers collected in this volume are a selection from presentations made at those two workshops. In each case the format consisted of a number of invited speakers plus presentations from the network partners.