Environmental Pollution

Author: Rachel H. Plattenberg
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600212857
Size: 78.15 MB
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Environmental Pollution from the Author: Rachel H. Plattenberg. Pollution is the release of chemical, physical, biological or radioactive contaminants to the environment. Principal forms of pollution include: air pollution, the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere. Common examples include carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles. Ozone and smog are created as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons react to sunlight. Water pollution affects oceans and inland bodies of water. Examples include organic and inorganic chemicals, heavy metals, petrochemicals, chloroform, and bacteria. Water pollution may also occur in the form of thermal pollution and the depletion of dissolved oxygen. Soil contamination often occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground storage tank leakage. Contaminants include hydrocarbons, heavy metals, MTBE, herbicides, pesticides and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Often occurs with water pollution, thanks to surface runoff and groundwater. Radioactive contamination was added in the wake of 20th-century discoveries in atomic physics. Noise pollution encompasses roadway noise, aircraft noise, industrial noise as well as high-intensity sonar. Light pollution, includes light trespass, over-illumination and astronomical interference. Visual pollution, which can refer to the presence of overhead power lines, highway billboards, scarred landforms (as from strip mining), open storage of junk or municipal solid waste. The nature, distribution and ecological effects of all types and forms of pollutants in air, soil and water are the subject of this book.

Marine Pollution

Author: Tobias N. Hofer
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781604562422
Size: 31.27 MB
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Marine Pollution from the Author: Tobias N. Hofer. Marine pollution is the harmful effect caused by the entry into the ocean of chemicals or particles. An associated problem is that many potentially toxic chemical's adhere to tiny particles which are then taken up by plankton and benthos animals, most of which are either deposit or filter feeders, concentrating upward within ocean food chains. Also, because most animal feeds contain high fish meal and fish oil content, toxins can be found a few weeks later in commonly consumed food items derived from livestock and animal husbandry such as meat, eggs, milk, butter and margarine. One common path of entry by contaminants to the sea are rivers. Many particles combine chemically in a manner highly depletive of oxygen, causing estuaries to become anoxic. This book presents the latest research in the field from around the world.

Air Pollution

Author: James V. Livingston
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc
ISBN: 9781594545696
Size: 19.64 MB
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Air Pollution from the Author: James V. Livingston. Pollution is undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities so that the environment becomes harmful or unfit for living things; especially applicable to the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. In addition to the harm, either present or future and known or unknown, to living beings, pollution cleanup and surveillance are enormous financial drains of the economies of the world. Air pollution research is the subject of this volume.

Air Pollution

Author: James V. Livingston
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc
ISBN: 9781594545696
Size: 12.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Air Pollution from the Author: James V. Livingston. Pollution is undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities so that the environment becomes harmful or unfit for living things; especially applicable to the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. In addition to the harm, either present or future and known or unknown, to living beings, pollution cleanup and surveillance are enormous financial drains of the economies of the world. Air pollution research is the subject of this volume.

Environmental Pollution

Author: S.M. Shafi
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788126903665
Size: 14.58 MB
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Environmental Pollution from the Author: S.M. Shafi. The Book Environmental Pollution, Is The Outcome Of Intensive Efforts Made By The Author For More Than Seven Years In Collection Of Materials, Their Recasting To Suit Own Scheme Of Requirement And Also Incorporating New Research Findings From Reputed Researchers On Environmental Pollution In The Book. The Book Has Been Styled To Cover The Requirements Of University Syllabus For The Graduate (Honours) And Postgraduate Students Of Various Universities.The Book Covers Major Aspects Of Environment: Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil And Land Pollution, And Pollution By Physical Agents (Causing Radioactive Pollution, Thermal Pollution, Sound Pollution). Under The Umbrella Of These Four Major Aspects A Lot Of Valuable Information Has Been Given On Many Topics Including Particulate Pollutants, Problems Of Aerosol Accumulation, Role Of Aerosol In Photochemical Pollution, Phenomenon Of Acid Rain And Its Effects, Problem Of Ozone Depletion, Uses And Destructive Role Of Chlorofluorocarbons (Cfcs), Causes Of Global Warming, And Role Of Some Air-Borne Organisms As Biopollutants. These Items Represent Main Segments Of Atmospheric Pollution.Likewise, Matters On Industrial Pollution, Particularly Sewage And Some Other Biodegradable Wastes, Role Of Infectious Agents In Water To Spread Diseases, Production Of Excess Of Plant Nutrients In Water, Organic Chemicals Of Exotic Sources (Including Insecticides, Herbicides, Surfactant Chemicals In Detergents), Inorganic Chemicals In Water, Agricultural Solid Wastes, Sediments, Coastal Pollution/Oil Pollution, Etc., Represent Main Instances Of Water Pollution.Four Chapters On (I) Pollution Due To Deforestations (Ii) Mining Operation (Iii) Radioactive Isotopes As Pollutants, And (Iv) Genetic Disorders In Organisms By Pollutants Are Of Rare Importance, Liable To Give Some Starting Knowledge To Common Readers Of This Book And Provide Awareness Of How Unsafe They Are In This Universe. The Informations On Effect Of Pollutants, On Human Health, Animal Health, Plants, Materials And Properties Are Of General Public Interest And Introduction Of Legal Steps For Controlling Pollution Carry Additional Significance.

Agriculture And Soil Pollution

Author: James V. Livingston
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594543104
Size: 64.53 MB
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Agriculture And Soil Pollution from the Author: James V. Livingston. Agriculture & Soil Pollution New Research

Water Pollution

Author: A. R. Burk
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc
ISBN:
Size: 77.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Water Pollution from the Author: A. R. Burk. Pollution is undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities so that the environment becomes harmful or unfit for living things; especially applicable to the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. In addition to the harm, either present or future and known or unknown, to living beings, pollution cleanup and surveillance are enormous financial drains of the economies of the world. This book gathers leading research from throughout the world dealing with water pollution.

New Concepts In Air Pollution Research

Author: Willums
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034857799
Size: 18.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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New Concepts In Air Pollution Research from the Author: Willums. Recent publications on the fate of our limited earth have stirred up vivid worldwide discussions, during which it became clear that our knowledge of the complex ecosystem is far from sufficient today. All planning and predictive models are only as good as the input data they are based on. Improved research methods and new ideas and impulses are therefore urgently needed, both to stimulate the specialized scientists and to supply the concerned citizen with the updated background information necessary to make responsible decisions. Generally, most of the serious publications in the field of pollution are written by well-known and well-established scientists. It is beyond doubt that their experience and profound knowledge is an essential contribution to the understanding of our environment. But one whole group of scientists has not been able to present their ideas and concerns to a broader scientific or non scientific readership: the young scientist at the beginning of his career. He belongs to a new generation of scientists who have studied during a time when environmental concern has become a vital part of the university life. Now, in the first decade of his academic career, his educational approach and his devel oping expertise in this field may synthesize ideas that will fall on what is already a fertile ground for new concepts that are urgently needed to solve the environmental crisis.

Fundamentals Of Air Pollution

Author: Daniel Vallero
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124046029
Size: 33.67 MB
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Fundamentals Of Air Pollution from the Author: Daniel Vallero. Fundamentals of Air Pollution is an important and widely used textbook in the environmental science and engineering community. This thoroughly revised fifth edition of Fundamentals of Air Pollution has been updated throughout and remains the most complete text available, offering a stronger systems perspective and more coverage of international issues relating to air pollution. Sections on pollution control have been reorganized and updated to demonstrate the move from regulation and control approaches to green and sustainable engineering approaches. The fifth edition maintains a strong interdisciplinary approach to the study of air pollution, covering such topics as chemistry, physics, meteorology, engineering, toxicology, policy, and regulation. New material includes near-road air pollution, new risk assessment approaches, indoor air quality, the impact of biofuels and fuel additives, mercury emissions, forecasting techniques, and the most recent results from the National Air Toxics Assessment. Stronger systems approach, emphasizing the impact of air pollution on ecosystems and human health Risks, measures, models, and control of air pollution are discussed at scale – starting at the individual/niche level and expanding to planetary/global scale Increased emphasis on international issues, including coverage of European initiatives and discussions of the impact of emerging economies like India and China Updated references, standards, and methods throughout the book make this the most current air pollution text/reference on the market All new end-of-chapter problems enhance its usefulness as a course text

Information Resources In Toxicology

Author: P.J. Bert Hakkinen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920030
Size: 44.55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Information Resources In Toxicology from the Author: P.J. Bert Hakkinen. This latest version of Information Resources in Toxicology (IRT) continues a tradition established in 1982 with the publication of the first edition in presenting an extensive itemization, review, and commentary on the information infrastructure of the field. This book is a unique wide-ranging, international, annotated bibliography and compendium of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. Thoroughly updated, the current edition analyzes technological changes and is rife with online tools and links to Web sites. IRT-IV is highly structured, providing easy access to its information. Among the “hot topics covered are Disaster Preparedness and Management, Nanotechnology, Omics, the Precautionary Principle, Risk Assessment, and Biological, Chemical and Radioactive Terrorism and Warfare are among the designated. • International in scope, with contributions from over 30 countries • Numerous key references and relevant Web links • Concise narratives about toxicologic sub-disciplines • Valuable appendices such as the IUPAC Glossary of Terms in Toxicology • Authored by experts in their respective sub-disciplines within toxicology