Enlightenment And Violence

Author: Tadd Fernée
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9351504239
Size: 66.90 MB
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Enlightenment And Violence from the Author: Tadd Fernée. Enlightenment and Violence is a history of ideas that proposes a multi-centred and non-Eurocentric interpretation of the Enlightenment as a human heritage. This comparative study reconstructs how modernity was negotiated in different intellectual and political contexts as a national discourse within the broader heritage of Enlightenment. The author has compared 16th and 20th century Indian history to the early modern histories of Persia, Turkey and Western Europe in order to ground analysis of their 20th century nation-making experiences within a common problematic. The focus is upon an ethic of reconciliation over totalizing projects as a means to create non-violent conflict resolution in the modern context. It is suggested that an emergent ethic of reconciliation in nation-making—inspired by the Indian paradigm—harbours the potential to create more democratic and open societies, in rejection of the authoritarian patterns that too frequently shaped the experiences of the 20th century.

Women And Violent Crime In Enlightenment Scotland

Author: Anne-Marie Kilday
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 0861932870
Size: 21.44 MB
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Women And Violent Crime In Enlightenment Scotland from the Author: Anne-Marie Kilday. This book offers important new insights into the relationship between crime and gender in Scotland during the Enlightenment period. Drawing on rich and varied court records, it explores female criminality and judicial responses to it in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, against the backdrop of significant legislative changes that fundamentally altered the face of Scots law. Using a series of case studies of homicide, infanticide, assault, popular disturbances and robbery, the author argues that Scottish women were more predisposed to violence than their counterparts south of the border, and considers how far this intersected with and reflected a wider drive to `civilise' popular behaviour and to promote a more ordered society. Challenging feminist interpretations that see women principally as the victims of male-controlled economies, institutions, and power structures, the book calls for a major re-evaluation of the scope and significance of female criminality in this era. ANNE-MARIE KILDAY is Principal Lecturer and Head of the Department of History at Oxford Brookes University.

Why Don T You Just Talk To Him

Author: Kathleen R. Arnold
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190262281
Size: 45.37 MB
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Why Don T You Just Talk To Him from the Author: Kathleen R. Arnold. This study examines the broad political contexts in which violence, specifically domestic violence, occurs. The author argues that liberal and Enlightenment notions of the social contract, rationality, and egalitarianism--the ideas that constitute norms of good citizenship--are inextricably linked to violence. According to this dynamic, targets of abuse are viewed as being irrational, incapable of making good choices or negotiating with their abusers, or otherwise violating norms of the social contract; they are, in other words, second-class citizens. In fact, as the author shows, drawing from Nietzsche and Foucault's theories of power and arguing against much of the standard literature on domestic violence, the very mechanisms that purportedly help targets of domestic abuse actually work to compound the problem by exacerbating (or ignoring) the power differences between the abuser and the abused. The key to preventing domestic violence, the author contends, lies in seeing it as a political rather than a personal issue that has political consequences. Enlightenment ideas about intimacy that conceive of personal relationships as mutual, equal, and contractual must be challenged, as well as policy ideas that suggest targets of abuse can simply choose to leave abusive relationships without other personal or economic consequences.--From publisher description.

Gender And Enlightenment Culture In Eighteenth Century Scotland

Author: Rosalind Carr
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748646434
Size: 19.81 MB
Format: PDF
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Gender And Enlightenment Culture In Eighteenth Century Scotland from the Author: Rosalind Carr. What role did gender play in the Scottish Enlightenment? Combining intellectual and cultural history, this book explores how men and women experienced the Scottish Enlightenment. It examines Scotland in a European context, investigating ideologies of gender and cultural practices among the urban elites of Scotland in the 18th century. The book provides an in-depth analysis of men's construction and performance of masculinity in intellectual clubs, taverns and through the violent ritual of the duel. Women are important actors in this story, and the book presents an analysis of women's contribution to Scottish Enlightenment culture, and it asks why there were no Scottish bluestockings.

Peacemaking And Religious Violence

Author: Roger A. Johnson
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878618
Size: 26.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Peacemaking And Religious Violence from the Author: Roger A. Johnson. From its very beginning, Christian faith has been engaged with religious violence. The first Christians were persecuted by their co-religionists and then by imperial Rome. Jesus taught them, in such circumstances, not to retaliate, but to be peacemakers, to love their enemies, and to pray for their persecutors. Jesus's response to religious violence of the first century was often ignored, but it was never forgotten. Even during those centuries when the church herself persecuted Christian heretics, Jews, and Muslims, some Christians still struggled to bear witness to the peace mandate of their Lord. In the thirteenth century, Thomas Aquinas wrote a theology to help his Dominican brothers persuade Cathar Christians to return to their Catholic faith peacefully. Ramon Lull, a Christian student of Arabic and the Qur'an, sought to help his fellow Christians recognize the elements of belief they shared in common with the Muslims in their midst. In the fifteenth century, Nicholas of Cusa, a Church Cardinal and theologian, expanded Lull's project to include the newly discovered religions of Asia. In the seventeenth century, Lord Herbert, an English diplomat and lay Christian, began to identify the political union of church and government as a causal factor in the religious warfare of post-Reformation Christendom. One and a half centuries later, Thomas Jefferson, a lay theologian of considerable political stature, won a political struggle in the American colonies to disestablish religion first in his home colony of Virginia and then in the new nation he helped to found. All five of these theologians reclaimed the peace mandate of Jesus in their response to the religious violence of their own eras. All of which points us to some intriguing Christian responses to religious violence in our own century as recounted in the epilogue.

Violence Culture And Identity

Author: Helen Chambers
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039102662
Size: 73.36 MB
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Violence Culture And Identity from the Author: Helen Chambers. This volume contains selected papers given at the conference 'Violence, Culture and Identity' held at St Andrews University in 2003. It contributes to the debate on the role of culture in propagating, mediating and controlling violence in society, concentrating on the relationship between culture and identity-formation in Germany and Austria from the Middle Ages to the present. Bringing together the work of twenty-two scholars with expertise in different literary and historical periods, the volume probes the complexities of representations of violence enacted and suffered, of affirmative and non-affirmative violence in text and visual form, revealing the often blurred line between victim and victimizer. Violence in its discursive and material forms is investigated, using the theoretical tools of sociology, post-colonial and gender studies, history and psychology as well as of literary criticism. The collection of essays focuses particularly on the relationship between war and identity, on 1970s terrorism and identity, on violence and the construction of gender, and on contemporary writing in German.

Long Walk To Enlightenment

Author: Thillayvel Naidoo
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
ISBN: 1434951715
Size: 58.79 MB
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Long Walk To Enlightenment from the Author: Thillayvel Naidoo.

Violence Identity And Self Determination

Author: Hent de Vries
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804729963
Size: 29.94 MB
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Violence Identity And Self Determination from the Author: Hent de Vries. With the collapse of the bipolar system of global rivalry that dominated world politics after the Second World War, and in an age that is seeing the return of “ethnic cleansing” and “identity politics,” the question of violence, in all of its multiple ramifications, imposes itself with renewed urgency. Rather than concentrating on the socioeconomic or political backgrounds of these historical changes, the contributors to this volume rethink the concept of violence, both in itself and in relation to the formation and transformation of identities, whether individual or collective, political or cultural, religious or secular. In particular, they subject the notion of self-determination to stringent scrutiny: is it to be understood as a value that excludes violence, in principle if not always in practice? Or is its relation to violence more complex and, perhaps, more sinister? Reconsideration of the concepts, the practice, and even the critique of violence requires an exploration of the implications and limitations of the more familiar interpretations of the terms that have dominated in the history of Western thought. To this end, the nineteen contributors address the concept of violence from a variety of perspectives in relation to different forms of cultural representation, and not in Western culture alone; in literature and the arts, as well as in society and politics; in philosophical discourse, psychoanalytic theory, and so-called juridical ideology, as well as in colonial and post-colonial practices and power relations. The contributors are Giorgio Agamben, Ali Behdad, Cathy Caruth, Jacques Derrida, Michael Dillon, Peter Fenves, Stathis Gourgouris, Werner Hamacher, Beatrice Hanssen, Anselm Haverkamp, Marian Hobson, Peggy Kamuf, M. B. Pranger, Susan M. Shell, Peter van der Veer, Hent de Vries, Cornelia Vismann, and Samuel Weber.

The Chinese Enlightenment

Author: Vera Schwarcz
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520050273
Size: 64.80 MB
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The Chinese Enlightenment from the Author: Vera Schwarcz. It is widely accepted, both inside China and in the West, that contemporary Chinese history begins with the May Fourth Movement. Vera Schwarcz's imaginative new study provides China scholars and historians with an analysis of what makes that event a turning point in the intellectual, spiritual, cultural and political life of twentieth-century China.