Emerging Policy Issues In Synthetic Biology

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264208429
Size: 76.70 MB
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Emerging Policy Issues In Synthetic Biology from the Author: OECD. This book examines policy issues in synthetic biology including R&D funding, company investment, PPP arrangements and innovative financing, infrastructure requirements, education and training, intellectual property (IP), regulation, and public engagement.

Industrialization Of Biology

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309316553
Size: 17.26 MB
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Industrialization Of Biology from the Author: National Research Council. The tremendous progress in biology over the last half century - from Watson and Crick's elucidation of the structure of DNA to today's astonishing, rapid progress in the field of synthetic biology - has positioned us for significant innovation in chemical production. New bio-based chemicals, improved public health through improved drugs and diagnostics, and biofuels that reduce our dependency on oil are all results of research and innovation in the biological sciences. In the past decade, we have witnessed major advances made possible by biotechnology in areas such as rapid, low-cost DNA sequencing, metabolic engineering, and high-throughput screening. The manufacturing of chemicals using biological synthesis and engineering could expand even faster. A proactive strategy - implemented through the development of a technical roadmap similar to those that enabled sustained growth in the semiconductor industry and our explorations of space - is needed if we are to realize the widespread benefits of accelerating the industrialization of biology. Industrialization of Biology presents such a roadmap to achieve key technical milestones for chemical manufacturing through biological routes. This report examines the technical, economic, and societal factors that limit the adoption of bioprocessing in the chemical industry today and which, if surmounted, would markedly accelerate the advanced manufacturing of chemicals via industrial biotechnology. Working at the interface of synthetic chemistry, metabolic engineering, molecular biology, and synthetic biology, Industrialization of Biology identifies key technical goals for next-generation chemical manufacturing, then identifies the gaps in knowledge, tools, techniques, and systems required to meet those goals, and targets and timelines for achieving them. This report also considers the skills necessary to accomplish the roadmap goals, and what training opportunities are required to produce the cadre of skilled scientists and engineers needed.

Oecd Science Technology And Innovation Outlook 2016

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264263063
Size: 36.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Oecd Science Technology And Innovation Outlook 2016 from the Author: OECD. The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications.

Symposium On Opportunities And Challenges In The Emerging Field Of Synthetic Biology Synthesis Report

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264086269
Size: 66.26 MB
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Symposium On Opportunities And Challenges In The Emerging Field Of Synthetic Biology Synthesis Report from the Author: OECD. The international symposium entitled “Opportunities and Challenges in the Emerging Field of Synthetic Biology” was held in July 2009 in Washington, DC under the auspices of the United States National Academies, the Organisation for Economic ...

Assessing The Societal Implications Of Emerging Technologies

Author: Evan S. Michelson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317302230
Size: 56.38 MB
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Assessing The Societal Implications Of Emerging Technologies from the Author: Evan S. Michelson. A growing problem of interest in the field of science and technology policy is that the next generation of innovations is arriving at an accelerating rate, and the governance system is struggling to catch up. Current approaches and institutions for effective technology assessment are ill suited and poorly designed to proactively address the multidimensional, interconnected societal impacts of science and technology advancements that are already taking place and expected to continue over the course of the 21st century. This book offers tangible insights into the strategies deployed by well-known, high-profile organizations involved in anticipating the various societal and policy implications of nanotechnology and synthetic biology. It focuses predominantly on an examination of the practices adopted by the often-cited and uniquely positioned Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies in the United States, as well as being informed by comparisons with a range of institutions also interested in embedding forward-looking perspectives in their respective area of innovation. The book lays out one of the first actionable roadmaps that other interested stakeholders can follow when working toward institutionalizing anticipatory governance practices throughout the policymaking process.

Innovative Governance Models For Emerging Technologies

Author: Gary E Marchant
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1782545646
Size: 22.75 MB
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Innovative Governance Models For Emerging Technologies from the Author: Gary E Marchant. The unique characteristics of emerging technologies _ their diverse applications, the myriad concerns raised by new technologies, the need for public engagement, and the issue of effective coordination between governance players _ create the need for n

Emerging Conceptual Ethical And Policy Issues In Bionanotechnology

Author: Fabrice Jotterand
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086490
Size: 40.64 MB
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Emerging Conceptual Ethical And Policy Issues In Bionanotechnology from the Author: Fabrice Jotterand. Nanobiotechnology is the convergence of existing and new biotechnology with the 1 ability to manipulate matter at or near the molecular level. This ability to manipulate matter on a scale of 100 nanometers (nm) or less is what constitutes the nanotechnology revolution occurring today, the potentially vast economic and social implications of which are yet to be fully understood (Royal Society, 2004). The most immediate way to understand the implications of nanobiotechnology for ethics is to consider the real life concerns of communities that are mobilizing within civil society. The conflicts and ethical debates surrounding nanotechnology will, almost by definition, emerge on the fault lines between different civil society actors, researchers and financial interests associated with nanobiotechnology, as well as (potentially) government regulators. These fault lines are all reflected within the concerns (as expressed d- cursively) of the communities mobilizing. This chapter will explore converging d- courses regarding converging technologies. Converging Technologies (CT) are already a familiar theme in the next gene- tion of biotechnology, nanotechnology, pharmacogenomics and proteomics research 2 and development. Nanobiotechnology means that previously separate disciplines (IT, physics, chemistry, and biology) are merging and converging to create new applications and even new life forms through converged technological platforms. Schummer (2004), and Glimell and Fogelberg (2003, p. 43), note the predominance of interdisciplinarity as a core theme of nano-discourse.

Positioning Synthetic Biology To Meet The Challenges Of The 21st Century

Author: Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309225841
Size: 72.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Positioning Synthetic Biology To Meet The Challenges Of The 21st Century from the Author: Committee on Science, Technology, and Law. Synthetic biology -- unlike any research discipline that precedes it -- has the potential to bypass the less predictable process of evolution to usher in a new and dynamic way of working with living systems. Ultimately, synthetic biologists hope to design and build engineered biological systems with capabilities that do not exist in natural systems -- capabilities that may ultimately be used for applications in manufacturing, food production, and global health. Importantly, synthetic biology represents an area of science and engineering that raises technical, ethical, regulatory, security, biosafety, intellectual property, and other issues that will be resolved differently in different parts of the world. As a better understanding of the global synthetic biology landscape could lead to tremendous benefits, six academies -- the United Kingdom's Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering, the United States' National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, and the Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering -- organized a series of international symposia on the scientific, technical, and policy issues associated with synthetic biology. Positioning Synthetic Biology to Meet the Challenges of the 21st Century summarizes the symposia proceedings.

Oecd Science Technology And Innovation Outlook 2016

Author: Collectif
Publisher: OECD
ISBN: 9264268081
Size: 65.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Oecd Science Technology And Innovation Outlook 2016 from the Author: Collectif. The fully revamped and re-titled OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook is a biennial publication that aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies. Based on the most recent data available, the report provides comparative analysis of new policies and instruments being used in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa) to boost the contribution of science and innovation to growth and to global and social challenges. In this edition, detailed country and policy profiles are available on line.

Synbio And Human Health

Author: Iñigo de Miguel Beriain
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401791961
Size: 62.47 MB
Format: PDF
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Synbio And Human Health from the Author: Iñigo de Miguel Beriain. Since 2010, the Inter-university chair in law and the Human Genome has been involved in an EU 7th Framework Programme funded Project called Sybhel, leading work package 5. The aim of this work package was to face the issues related to synthetic biology and intellectual property rights. In these years, the Chair organized two international workshops devoted to this topic, collecting a number of high level unpublished papers redacted by some of the most prominent experts in this field worldwide, including Stephen Maurer, Joachim Henkel, Ingrid Schneider, etc. We consider that it would be extremely interesting to have them all gathered in a unique contributed volume, which would be the first book exclusively dedicated to analyze the implications that Synbio may involve in what refers to the currently existing intellectual property rights system.