The Eastern Question 1774 1923

Author: Alexander Lyon Macfie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317887395
Size: 34.79 MB
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The Eastern Question 1774 1923 from the Author: Alexander Lyon Macfie. A clear and concise guide to the Eastern Question - the problem facing the European states of how to react to the decline of the Ottoman Empire. A L MacFie's study shows how the question was a major factor in shaping the policies of all the major powers from the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-74 down to the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.

The Eastern Question

Author: Matthew Smith Anderson
Size: 24.16 MB
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The Eastern Question from the Author: Matthew Smith Anderson.

Empires Of The Sand

Author: Efraim Karsh
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674039343
Size: 14.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Empires Of The Sand from the Author: Efraim Karsh. Empires of the Sand offers a bold and comprehensive reinterpretation of the struggle for mastery in the Middle East during the long nineteenth century (1789-1923). This book denies primacy to Western imperialism in the restructuring of the region and attributes equal responsibility to regional powers. Rejecting the view of modern Middle Eastern history as an offshoot of global power politics, the authors argue that the main impetus for the developments of this momentous period came from the local actors. Ottoman and Western imperial powers alike are implicated in a delicate balancing act of manipulation and intrigue in which they sought to exploit regional and world affairs to their greatest advantage. Backed by a wealth of archival sources, the authors refute the standard belief that Europe was responsible for the destruction of the Ottoman Empire and the region's political unity. Instead, they show how the Hashemites played a decisive role in shaping present Middle Eastern boundaries and in hastening the collapse of Ottoman rule. Similarly, local states and regimes had few qualms about seeking support and protection from the infidel powers they had vilified whenever their interests so required. Karsh and Karsh see a pattern of pragmatic cooperation and conflict between the Middle East and the West during the past two centuries, rather than a clash of civilizations. Such a vision affords daringly new ways of viewing the Middle East's past as well as its volatile present.

Cyprus In World War Ii

Author: Anastasia Yiangou
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857718525
Size: 16.20 MB
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Cyprus In World War Ii from the Author: Anastasia Yiangou. World War II marked a pivotal point in the history of Cyprus, yet, surprisingly, this period of_x000D_ the island’s history has been little studied to date. Anastasia Yiangou here provides the first_x000D_ major study of the impact of World War II on the political development of Cyprus. In doing so_x000D_ she traces shifting Cypriot attitudes to the war and the formation of a triangular conflict on the island between the Left, the Right and the British colonial power. She explains how the British and Cypriots fought a war alongside each other, yet remained far apart in discussions on the future of the island. Yiangou’s original and compelling analysis highlights how the post-1945 landscape of Cypriot political struggles was shaped by forces set in motion during the war itself.


Author: Erik Jan Zurcher
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730541
Size: 49.98 MB
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Turkey from the Author: Erik Jan Zurcher. This revised edition builds upon and updates its twin themes of Turkey's continuing incorporation into the capitalist world and the modernization of state and society. It begins with the forging of closer links with Europe after the French Revolution, and the changing face of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. ZĂĽrcher argues that Turkey's history between 1908 and 1950 should be seen as a unity, and offers a strongly revisionist interpretation of Turkey's "founding father", Kemal AtatĂĽrk.; In his account of the period since 1950, ZĂĽrcher focuses on the growth of mass politics; the three military coups; the thorny issue of Turkey's human right's record; integration into the global economy; the alliance with the West and relations with the European Community; Turkey's ambivalent relations with the Middle East; the increasingly explosive Kurdish question; the worst economic crisis in 15 years in 1994; and the continuing political instability and growth of Islam. '...a valuable addition to scholarly literature.' Andrew Mango, TLS 'exceptionally well-written and offering a perspective that is unique in the field of Turkish studies.' Donald Quataert, State University of New York at Binghamton 'a very valuable book which should interest a wide a text book it meets a very real need: there is no real rival.' William Hale, SOAS, University of London

Between Two Motherlands

Author: Theodora Dragostinova
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461163
Size: 44.12 MB
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Between Two Motherlands from the Author: Theodora Dragostinova. In 1900, some 100,000 people living in Bulgaria-2 percent of the country's population-could be described as Greek, whether by nationality, language, or religion. The complex identities of the population-proud heirs of ancient Hellenic colonists, loyal citizens of their Bulgarian homeland, members of a wider Greek diasporic community, devout followers of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek government in Athens-became entangled in the growing national tensions between Bulgaria and Greece during the first half of the twentieth century. In Between Two Motherlands, Theodora Dragostinova explores the shifting allegiances of this Greek minority in Bulgaria. Diverse social groups contested the meaning of the nation, shaping and reshaping what it meant to be Greek and Bulgarian during the slow and painful transition from empire to nation-states in the Balkans. In these decades, the region was racked by a series of upheavals (the Balkan Wars, World War I, interwar population exchanges, World War II, and Communist revolutions). The Bulgarian Greeks were caught between the competing agendas of two states increasingly bent on establishing national homogeneity. Based on extensive research in the archives of Bulgaria and Greece, as well as fieldwork in the two countries, Dragostinova shows that the Greek population did not blindly follow Greek nationalist leaders but was torn between identification with the land of their birth and loyalty to the Greek cause. Many emigrated to Greece in response to nationalist pressures; others sought to maintain their Greek identity and traditions within Bulgaria; some even switched sides when it suited their personal interests. National loyalties remained fluid despite state efforts to fix ethnic and political borders by such means as population movements, minority treaties, and stringent citizenship rules. The lessons of a case such as this continue to reverberate wherever and whenever states try to adjust national borders in regions long inhabited by mixed populations.

Osman S Dream

Author: Caroline Finkel
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1848547854
Size: 76.96 MB
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Osman S Dream from the Author: Caroline Finkel. The Ottoman chronicles recount that the first sultan, Osman, dreamt of the dynasty he would found - a tree, fully-formed, emerged from his navel, symbolising the vigour of his successors and the extent of their domains. This is the first book to tell the full story of the Ottoman dynasty that for six centuries held sway over territories stretching, at their greatest, from Hungary to the Persian Gulf, and from North Africa to the Caucasus. Understanding the realization of Osman's vision is essential for anyone who seeks to understand the modern world.