Drug Dependence And Emotional Behavior

Author: A.V. Valdman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468416561
Size: 69.42 MB
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Drug Dependence And Emotional Behavior from the Author: A.V. Valdman. English-speaking scientists start with one vast advantage: the bulk of the world's scientific transactions are conducted in English. There are many who would go further and say that any scientific work of importance is published in English. This book, which is, in effect, the tip of a large iceberg, gives them the lie! In the Soviet Union alone we have a vast wealth of expertise supported by a treasury of books and publications, but it is effectively cut off from Western scrutiny by the language barrier. It therefore seems timely to lift the curtain a little and put some of the best of it on display. In this excellent compilation, Professor Valdman and Dr. Burov have assembled a cast list of leading Soviet scientists who provide us with a refreshingly different slant on a set of problems of con cern to neuroscientists throughout the world. These scientific presentations are neither better, nor worse than but, rather, com plementary to Western pharmacological thinking. Traditional Soviet approaches to animal psychology are here coupled with sophisticated latter-day neurochemistry and neurophysiology and, in the process, provide us with new insights into the molecular bases of animal responses to environment and to certain drugs. Apart from shedding new light on many contemporary problems, the findings reported here provide an important window on the thought processes of the foremost neuroscientists of the Soviet Union. This book cannot fail to be of interest to all who work in this expanding (and exciting) area. M.

The Relationship Between Mental Health And Substance Abuse Among Adolescents

Author: Dena R. Gerstein
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788188410
Size: 25.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Relationship Between Mental Health And Substance Abuse Among Adolescents from the Author: Dena R. Gerstein. Presents an examination of the association between psychological functioning and substance use among adolescents aged 12 to 17. This survey provides estimates of the prevalence of use of a variety of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, based on a nationally representative sample of the civilian non institutionalized population. In 1994, the Youth Self-Report (YSR) (Achenbach, 1991) was added, a comprehensive mental health checklist that generates summary measures of emotional and behavioral problems, as well as measures for specific syndromes. Dozens of charts and tables.

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience

Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080914551
Size: 50.41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience from the Author: . Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Treatment For Stimulant Use Disorders

Author: Richard A. Rawson
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788189029
Size: 39.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Treatment For Stimulant Use Disorders from the Author: Richard A. Rawson. Basic knowledge about the nature and treatment of stimulant use disorders. Reviews what is currently known about treating the med., psychiatric, and substance abuse-dependence problems assoc. with the use of 2 high-profile stimulants: cocaine and methamphetamine (MA). The info. is understandable and relevant for clinicians and other "front line" substance use disorder treat. providers. Offers recomm. on treat. approaches, recomm. to maximize treat. engagement, strategies for planning and initiating treat., and strategies for initiating and maintaining abstinence. Includes recomm. for the med. mgmt. of stimulant users and recomm. regarding special groups and settings.

Handbook Of Drug Abuse Prevention

Author: Zili Sloboda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306473425
Size: 22.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Handbook Of Drug Abuse Prevention from the Author: Zili Sloboda. This wide-ranging handbook brings together experts in the sociology of drug abuse prevention. Providing a comprehensive overview of the accumulated knowledge on prevention theory, intervention design, and development and prevention research methodology, this work also promotes prevention science as an evolving field in the practice and policy of drug abuse prevention.

Inhibitory Control And Drug Abuse Prevention

Author: Michael T. Bardo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441912688
Size: 28.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Inhibitory Control And Drug Abuse Prevention from the Author: Michael T. Bardo. The purpose of this book is to review our state of knowledge about the neurobehavioral and psychosocial processes involved in behavioral inhibitory processes and to provide an insight into how these basic research findings may be translated into the practice of drug abuse prevention interventions. Over the last decade, there has been a wealth of information indicating that substance use disorders do not simply reflect an exaggeration of reward seeking behavior, but that they also represent a dysfunction of behavioral inhibitory processes that are critical in exercising self-control. A number of studies have determined that individuals with substance use disorders have poor inhibitory control compared to non-abusing individuals. In addition, the fact that the adolescent period is often characterized by a lack of inhibitory control may be one important reason for the heightened vulnerability for the initiation of drug use during this time. Controlled experiments utilizing neuroscience techniques in laboratory animals or neuroimaging techniques in humans have revealed that individual differences in prefrontal cortical regions may underlie, at least in part, these differences in inhibitory control. Although a few excellent journal reviews have been published on the role of inhibitory deficits in drug abuse, there has been relatively little attention paid to the potential applications of this work for drug abuse prevention. The current book will provide both basic and applied researchers with an overview of this important health-relevant topic. Since translational research cuts across multiple disciplines and most readers are not familiar with all of these disciplines, the reading level will be geared to be accessible to graduate students, as well as to faculty and researchers in the field. The book will be organized around three general themes, encased within introductory and concluding chapters. The first theme will review basic neurobehavioral research findings on inhibition and drug abuse. Chapters in this theme will emphasize laboratory studies using human volunteers or laboratory animals that document the latest research implicating a relation between inhibition and drug abuse at both the neural and behavioral levels of analysis. The second theme will move the topic to at-risk populations that have impulse control problems, including children, adolescents and young adults. The third theme will concentrate on prevention science as it relates to inhibitory control. Chapters in this theme will be written by experts attempting to develop and improve prevention interventions by integrating evidence-based knowledge about inhibitory control processes. In all of the chapters, writers will be asked to speculate about innovative approaches that may be useful for the practice of prevention.

Manual Of Drug And Alcohol Abuse

Author: A. Arif
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461595169
Size: 74.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Manual Of Drug And Alcohol Abuse from the Author: A. Arif. During the last few centuries, and particularly in recent decades, problems result ing from the excessive use of drugs and alcohol have spread virtually as an epidemic to every country in the world and to almost every community. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is related to numerous other health problems, such as the spread of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on all continents. Health and social services today cannot afford to ignore this crisis since it affects all levels of society and manifests itself in diverse health and social problems. In recent years, the World Health Organization has received numerous requests for training material for physicians in this field. This manual therefore meets an urgent need. The availability of new data and the dearth of suitable textbooks have made its preparation mandatory. The influence of sociocultural factors on drug dependence and alcohol related problems-on their cause, development, and consequences as well as on their treatment and prevention-has been taken into account in the preparation of this manual in order to ensure that its usefulness is not limited to one country or region. It has been prepared primarily for the teaching of physicians and medical students, although much of it is relevant to the training of nurses, midwives, health educators, primary-care workers, medical social workers, counselors, and psychologists. In fact, suggestions have been included for adapting the manual for use in the training of such varied groups of students.

Preventing Mental Emotional And Behavioral Disorders Among Young People

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309144582
Size: 65.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Preventing Mental Emotional And Behavioral Disorders Among Young People from the Author: Institute of Medicine. Mental health and substance use disorders among children, youth, and young adults are major threats to the health and well-being of younger populations which often carryover into adulthood. The costs of treatment for mental health and addictive disorders, which create an enormous burden on the affected individuals, their families, and society, have stimulated increasing interest in prevention practices that can impede the onset or reduce the severity of the disorders. Prevention practices have emerged in a variety of settings, including programs for selected at-risk populations (such as children and youth in the child welfare system), school-based interventions, interventions in primary care settings, and community services designed to address a broad array of mental health needs and populations. Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People updates a 1994 Institute of Medicine book, Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders, focusing special attention on the research base and program experience with younger populations that have emerged since that time. Researchers, such as those involved in prevention science, mental health, education, substance abuse, juvenile justice, health, child and youth development, as well as policy makers involved in state and local mental health, substance abuse, welfare, education, and justice will depend on this updated information on the status of research and suggested directions for the field of mental health and prevention of disorders.