Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut

Author: Kieran Tuohy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079415
Size: 34.38 MB
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Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut from the Author: Kieran Tuohy. Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive

Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288945052X
Size: 41.24 MB
Format: PDF
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Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive from the Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán. All parts of our body having communication with the external environment such as the skin, vagina, the respiratory tract or the gastrointestinal tract are colonized by a specific microbial community. The colon is by far the most densely populated organ in the human body. The pool of microbes inhabiting our body is known as “microbiota” and their collective genomes as “microbiome”. These microbial ecosystems regulate important functions of the host, and their functionality and the balance among the diverse microbial populations is essential for the maintenance of a “healthy status”. The impressive development in recent years of next generation sequencing (NGS) methods have made possible to determine the gut microbiome composition. This, together with the application of other high throughput omic techniques and the use of gnotobiotic animals has greatly improved our knowledge of the microbiota acting as a whole. In spite of this, most members of the human microbiota are largely unknown and remain still uncultured. The final functionality of the microbiota is depending not only on nutrient availability and environmental conditions, but also on the interrelationships that the microorganisms inhabiting the same ecological niche are able to establish with their partners, or with their potential competitors. Therefore, in such a competitive environment microorganisms have had to develop strategies allowing them to cope, adapt, or cooperate with their neighbors, which may imply notable changes at metabolic, physiological and genetic level. The main aim of this Research Topic was to contribute to better understanding complex interactions among microorganisms residing in human microbial habitats.

Gastrointestinal Microbiology

Author: Roderick Mackie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412983610
Size: 25.64 MB
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Gastrointestinal Microbiology from the Author: Roderick Mackie. Extremely diverse and complicated bacterial and protozoan populations inhabit the rumen and intestinal tract of animals, and there is a delicate balance among the individual populations within this complex microbial community. This authoritative edited volume, the first in a two-volume set, reviews the gut environment and the fermentations taking place in animal digestive tracts. It is an essential source of reference for microbial ecologists and physiologists, medical microbiologists and gastroenterologists, biochemists, nutritionists, veterinarians and animal scientists, and wildlife ecologists.

Nutrigenomics And Proteomics In Health And Disease

Author: Martin Kussmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119098831
Size: 76.57 MB
Format: PDF
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Nutrigenomics And Proteomics In Health And Disease from the Author: Martin Kussmann. "This volume brings together leading experts in the areas of nutrition, nutrigenomics, metabolic programming, food-based bioactive dietary components and the gut microbiome, as well as those expert in the application of innovative tools and methods for statistical and biological network analysis, which are now at the forefront of nutritional and biomedical sciences. The articles provide a roadmap for the integration of normative science methods and approaches with more comprehensive systems biology-based investigations that deploy a multitude of omic platforms. This integration is essential to escape the bottleneck in knowledge generation by applying decades of knowledge of nutrients and their function to comprehensive omics and clinical data acquisition, processing, visualization, and interpretation. Achieving a systems-level understanding of nutrient function in health and disease will usher in an age of precision nutrition in support of maximizing human health and potential"--

The Enteric Microbiota

Author: Francisco Guarner
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1615041982
Size: 77.27 MB
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The Enteric Microbiota from the Author: Francisco Guarner. The human gut is the natural habitat for a diverse and dynamic microbial ecosystem having an important impact on health and disease. Bacteria have lived in and on animal hosts since multicellular life evolved about 1 billion years ago. Hosts provide habitat and nutrition to the microbial communities and derive many benefits from their guests that contribute with metabolic (recovery of energy and nutrients), defensive (barrier effect against invaders) and trophic (immune regulation, neuro-endocrine development) functions. Several disease states or disorders have been associated with changes in the composition or function of the enteric microbiota, including inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Probiotics and prebiotics can be used to improve symbiosis between enteric microbiota and host, or correct states of dysbiosis. Table of Contents: Microbial Communities / Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gut / Composition of the Human Enteric Microbiota / Acquisition of the Enteric Microbiota / Dysfunction of the Enteric Microbiota / Therapeutic Manipulation of the Enteric Microbiota / References / Author Biography

Sleisenger And Fordtran S Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book

Author: Mark Feldman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455749893
Size: 34.13 MB
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Sleisenger And Fordtran S Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book from the Author: Mark Feldman. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader. Get the essential gastroenterology information you need from one authoritative source with an outstanding global reputation for excellence. Zero in on the key information you need to know with a consistent, full-color chapter design. Stay up to date with emerging and challenging topics: enteric microbiota and probiotics; fecal microbiota transplantation; Clostridium difficile colitis; and factitious gastrointestinal diseases. Incorporate the latest findings and improvements in care for liver disease patients—from diagnosis and treatment through post-treatment strategies and management of complications. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices.

Lactic Acid Bacteria Genetics Metabolism And Applications

Author: Roland J. Siezen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402009228
Size: 66.91 MB
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Lactic Acid Bacteria Genetics Metabolism And Applications from the Author: Roland J. Siezen. Foods fermented with lactic acid bacteria are an important part of the human diet. Lactic acid bacteria play an essential role in the preservation of food raw materials and contribute to the nutritional, organoleptic, and health properties of food products and animal feed. The importance of lactic acid bacteria in the production of foods throughout the world has resulted in a continued scientific interest in these micro-organisms over the last two decades by academic research groups as well as by industry. This research has resulted in a number of important scientific breakthroughs and has led to new applications. The most recent of these advances is the establishment of the complete genome sequences of a number of different lactic acid bacterial species. To communicate and stimulate the research on lactic acid bacteria and their applications, a series of tri-annual symposia on lactic acid bacteria was started in 1983 under the auspices of the Netherlands Society for Microbiology (NVVM), which was later also supported by the Federation of European Microbiological Societies (FEMS). The aim of these state-of-the-art symposia is to offer a unique platform for universities, institutes, and industry in this area of biotechnology, to present recent work, to obtain information on new developments, and to exchange views with colleagues from all over the world on scientific progress and applications. The growing number of participants at these symposia has been a clear demonstration of the interest of the international industrial and scientific community in this area of research. The 7th Symposium is based on a number of plenary lectures that review the scientific progress of the last years in the different areas of research on lactic acid bacteria, and which are documented in this special issue of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Probiotics And Prebiotics

Author: Koen Venema
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
ISBN: 1910190101
Size: 17.26 MB
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Probiotics And Prebiotics from the Author: Koen Venema. Composed of nearly a thousand different types of micro-organisms, some beneficial, others not, the human gut microbiota plays an important role in health and disease. This is due to the presence of probiotic or beneficial microbes, or due to the feeding of prebiotics that stimulate the endogenous beneficial microbes: these promote health by stimulating the immune system, improving the digestion and absorption of nutrients, and inhibiting the growth of pathogens. The notable health benefits of probiotic organisms have stimulated much commercial interest, which in turn has led to a plethora of research initiatives in this area; these range from studies to elucidate the efficacy of the various health benefits to analyses of the diet-microbe interaction as a means of modulating the gut microbiota composition. Research in this area is at a very exciting stage. With state-of-the-art commentaries on all aspects of probiotics and prebiotics research, this book provides an authoritative and timely overview of the field. Written by leading international researchers, each chapter affords a critical insight to a particular topic, reviews current research, discusses future direction and aims to stimulate discussion. Topics range from the different microorganisms used as probiotics (lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, yeast, etc) and techniques and approaches used (metagenomics, etc) to the reviews of the clinical and medical aspects. The provision of extensive reference sections positively encourages readers to pursue each subject in greater detail. Containing 33 chapters, the book is an invaluable source of information and essential reading for everyone working with probiotics, prebiotics and the gut microbiota, from the PhD student to the experienced scientist, in academia, the pharmaceutical or biotechnology industries and working in clinical environments.

Book Of Abstracts Of The 61st Annual Meeting Of The European Association For Animal Production

Author: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9086861520
Size: 59.92 MB
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Book Of Abstracts Of The 61st Annual Meeting Of The European Association For Animal Production from the Author: Wageningen Academic Publishers. This Book of Abstracts is the main publication of the 61st Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP) held in Heraklion, Crete Island, Greece, on August 23-27 2010. It contains abstracts of the invited papers and contributed presentations. The meeting addressed subjects relating to science and innovation.Also, important problems were discussed during the sessions of EAAP's nine Commissions: Animal Genetics, Animal Nutrition, Animal Management and Health, Animal Physiology, Cattle Production, Sheep and Goat Production, Pig Production, Horse Production and Livestock Farming Systems. In addition joint sessions on topics interesting several disciplines and species were included in the programme.

Nutrition And Functional Foods For Healthy Aging

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128092998
Size: 13.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nutrition And Functional Foods For Healthy Aging from the Author: Ronald Ross Watson. Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging aims to equip anyone studying geriatric nutrition or working with aging adults with the latest scientific reviews of critical topics. The major objective of this book is to review, in detail, the health problems of the aged and how normal food, lifestyle, or nutritional and dietary supplements can help treat them. Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems are often quite distinct from those required for young people. The special nutrition problems of the aged are intensively researched and tested, especially as the elderly become a larger percentage of the population. Many chronic diseases and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, and it is also widely known that many elderly people use foods and nutrients well above the recommended daily allowance, which can be detrimental to optimal health. Explains the evidence supporting nutritional interventions relevant to age-related diseases Reviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variables Describes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies, also exploring functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment