Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut

Author: Kieran Tuohy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079415
Size: 75.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 809
Download Read Online

Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut from the Author: Kieran Tuohy. Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

The Enteric Microbiota

Author: Francisco Guarner
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1615041982
Size: 22.38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1850
Download Read Online

The Enteric Microbiota from the Author: Francisco Guarner. The human gut is the natural habitat for a diverse and dynamic microbial ecosystem having an important impact on health and disease. Bacteria have lived in and on animal hosts since multicellular life evolved about 1 billion years ago. Hosts provide habitat and nutrition to the microbial communities and derive many benefits from their guests that contribute with metabolic (recovery of energy and nutrients), defensive (barrier effect against invaders) and trophic (immune regulation, neuro-endocrine development) functions. Several disease states or disorders have been associated with changes in the composition or function of the enteric microbiota, including inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Probiotics and prebiotics can be used to improve symbiosis between enteric microbiota and host, or correct states of dysbiosis. Table of Contents: Microbial Communities / Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gut / Composition of the Human Enteric Microbiota / Acquisition of the Enteric Microbiota / Dysfunction of the Enteric Microbiota / Therapeutic Manipulation of the Enteric Microbiota / References / Author Biography

Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive

Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288945052X
Size: 79.20 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3318
Download Read Online

Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive from the Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán. All parts of our body having communication with the external environment such as the skin, vagina, the respiratory tract or the gastrointestinal tract are colonized by a specific microbial community. The colon is by far the most densely populated organ in the human body. The pool of microbes inhabiting our body is known as “microbiota” and their collective genomes as “microbiome”. These microbial ecosystems regulate important functions of the host, and their functionality and the balance among the diverse microbial populations is essential for the maintenance of a “healthy status”. The impressive development in recent years of next generation sequencing (NGS) methods have made possible to determine the gut microbiome composition. This, together with the application of other high throughput omic techniques and the use of gnotobiotic animals has greatly improved our knowledge of the microbiota acting as a whole. In spite of this, most members of the human microbiota are largely unknown and remain still uncultured. The final functionality of the microbiota is depending not only on nutrient availability and environmental conditions, but also on the interrelationships that the microorganisms inhabiting the same ecological niche are able to establish with their partners, or with their potential competitors. Therefore, in such a competitive environment microorganisms have had to develop strategies allowing them to cope, adapt, or cooperate with their neighbors, which may imply notable changes at metabolic, physiological and genetic level. The main aim of this Research Topic was to contribute to better understanding complex interactions among microorganisms residing in human microbial habitats.

Gut Microbiome And Behavior

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128039760
Size: 56.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3117
Download Read Online

Gut Microbiome And Behavior from the Author: . Gut Microbiome and Behavior, the latest volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series, provides a comprehensive overview of the gut microbiome on the brain and behavior, fully encapsulating the latest research in the field and defining the scope of this influence to outline potential mechanisms and possible implications. Contains the expertise of contributors in the field who discuss the gut microbiome and its effect on the brain and behavior Defines the scope of the influence of the gut microbiome and the potential mechanisms and implications Charts the way forward in this frontier area of research

Gut Reactions

Author: Justin Sonnenburg
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1473541999
Size: 46.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3422
Download Read Online

Gut Reactions from the Author: Justin Sonnenburg. From your weight, to how you age, to allergies and diseases - your gut controls it all. In Gut Reactions, leading scientists Justin and Erica Sonnenberg explain how we've neglected this vital organ for far too long. As well as the consequences you might expect - a dramatic rise in food intolerances and inflammatory bowel diseases - are a whole host of other concerns, such as an increase in cancer, asthma, autism and diabetes. We now have only 1,200 species of microbes living in our gut. We used to have many more. Why are these species becoming extinct? And how do we prevent it? With recipes and meal plans, as well as guidance on alternatives to antibiotics and lifestyle choices, Gut Reactions will help you to interpret, understand and incorporate these new radical findings into your diet and lifestyle and will help you on your journey to a healthier gut.

Gastrointestinal Microbiology

Author: Roderick Mackie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412983610
Size: 62.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 4347
Download Read Online

Gastrointestinal Microbiology from the Author: Roderick Mackie. Extremely diverse and complicated bacterial and protozoan populations inhabit the rumen and intestinal tract of animals, and there is a delicate balance among the individual populations within this complex microbial community. This authoritative edited volume, the first in a two-volume set, reviews the gut environment and the fermentations taking place in animal digestive tracts. It is an essential source of reference for microbial ecologists and physiologists, medical microbiologists and gastroenterologists, biochemists, nutritionists, veterinarians and animal scientists, and wildlife ecologists.

The Microbiome Diet

Author: Raphael Kellman
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0738217662
Size: 40.52 MB
Format: PDF
View: 5879
Download Read Online

The Microbiome Diet from the Author: Raphael Kellman. Cutting-edge science has shown that the microbiome is the secret to healthy weight loss and to feeling healthy, energized, optimistic, and at the top of your game. The microbiome is a whole inner world that lives within your intestines—trillions of tiny microbes that help you extract the nutrients from your food, balance your mood, and sharpen your clarity and focus. These beneficial bacteria make up a separate ecology within the body and have an enormous influence on your metabolism, your hormones, your cravings—even your genes. The microbiome's health is intimately involved with yours: when it flourishes, you flourish. When it craves sugar, so do you. When it operates at peak efficiency, so does your metabolism. And when your microbiome is out of balance, you might find yourself gaining weight or unable to lose weight, no matter how much you exercise or how carefully you eat. To achieve your ideal weight, you need the help of your microbiome. Now, drawing from nearly two decades of experience as a specialist in functional medicine and intestinal health, Raphael Kellman, MD, has developed the first diet based upon on these scientific breakthroughs. The Microbiome Diet offers an effective three-phase plan to heal your gut, reset your metabolism, and achieve dramatic, sustainable weight loss. The Microbiome Diet will help you... Reset your metabolism Free yourself from food cravings and uncontrollable appetite Incorporate prebiotics, probiotics, and healing foods into every meal Lose weight—and keep it off—with a nonrestrictive life plan With delicious recipes, convenient meal plans, and helpful information on Microbiome Superfoods and Supersupplements—including prebiotics and probiotics—The Microbiome Diet gives you the tools to achieve your healthy weight, boost your mood, regain your mental focus, and be in your best shape for life.

The Human Microbiome Diet And Health

Author: Food Forum
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309265851
Size: 52.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1992
Download Read Online

The Human Microbiome Diet And Health from the Author: Food Forum. The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.

The Gut Brain Axis

Author: Niall Hyland
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128025441
Size: 28.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7117
Download Read Online

The Gut Brain Axis from the Author: Niall Hyland. The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

The Mind Gut Connection

Author: Emeran Mayer
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062376594
Size: 27.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2741
Download Read Online

The Mind Gut Connection from the Author: Emeran Mayer. Combining cutting-edge neuroscience with the latest discoveries on the human microbiome, a practical guide in the tradition of Wheat Belly and Grain Brain that conclusively demonstrates the inextricable, biological link between mind and body. We have all experienced the connection between our mind and our gut—the decision we made because it “felt right”; the butterflies in our stomach before a big meeting; the anxious stomach rumbling when we’re stressed out. While the dialogue between the gut and the brain has been recognized by ancient healing traditions, including Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, Western medicine has failed to appreciate the complexity of how the brain, gut, and more recently, the microbiome—the microorganisms that live inside us—communicate with one another. In The Mind-Gut Connection, Dr. Emeran Mayer, executive director of the UCLA Center for Neurobiology of Stress, offers a revolutionary look at this developing science, teaching us how to harness the power of the mind-gut connection to take charge of our health. The Mind-Gut Connection shows how to keep the brain-gut communication clear and balanced to: • heal the gut by focusing on a plant-based diet • balance the microbiome by consuming fermented foods and probiotics, fasting, and cutting out sugar and processed foods • promote weight loss by detoxifying and creating healthy digestion and maximum nutrient absorption • boost immunity and prevent the onset of neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s • generate a happier mindset and reduce fatigue, moodiness, anxiety, and depression • prevent and heal GI disorders such as leaky gut syndrome, food sensitivities and allergies, and IBS, as well as digestive discomfort such as heartburn and bloating • and much more.