Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut

Author: Kieran Tuohy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079415
Size: 19.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut from the Author: Kieran Tuohy. Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive

Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288945052X
Size: 21.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Insights Into Microbe Microbe Interactions In Human Microbial Ecosystems Strategies To Be Competitive from the Author: Clara G. de los Reyes-Gavilán. All parts of our body having communication with the external environment such as the skin, vagina, the respiratory tract or the gastrointestinal tract are colonized by a specific microbial community. The colon is by far the most densely populated organ in the human body. The pool of microbes inhabiting our body is known as “microbiota” and their collective genomes as “microbiome”. These microbial ecosystems regulate important functions of the host, and their functionality and the balance among the diverse microbial populations is essential for the maintenance of a “healthy status”. The impressive development in recent years of next generation sequencing (NGS) methods have made possible to determine the gut microbiome composition. This, together with the application of other high throughput omic techniques and the use of gnotobiotic animals has greatly improved our knowledge of the microbiota acting as a whole. In spite of this, most members of the human microbiota are largely unknown and remain still uncultured. The final functionality of the microbiota is depending not only on nutrient availability and environmental conditions, but also on the interrelationships that the microorganisms inhabiting the same ecological niche are able to establish with their partners, or with their potential competitors. Therefore, in such a competitive environment microorganisms have had to develop strategies allowing them to cope, adapt, or cooperate with their neighbors, which may imply notable changes at metabolic, physiological and genetic level. The main aim of this Research Topic was to contribute to better understanding complex interactions among microorganisms residing in human microbial habitats.

Zakim And Boyer S Hepatology

Author: Thomas D. Boyer
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323446574
Size: 20.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Zakim And Boyer S Hepatology from the Author: Thomas D. Boyer. Get the authoritative, up-to-date information you need on liver disease from the 7th Edition of the most trusted reference worldwide. Covering both basic science and recent clinical developments, this revised edition by Drs. Arun J. Sanyal, Thomas D. Boyer, Norah A. Terrault, and Keith D. Lindor, provides an in-depth, comprehensive look at the pathophysiology, diagnostic, and treatment information related to the liver. More than 1,100 figures and tables, many new and in full color, highlight completely updated content throughout. Expert, international authorship and comprehensive, easy-to-access information makes this edition the gold standard in the field of hepatology. Includes new information on the rapid changes in treatment paradigms for acute liver failure, the latest treatments for primary biliary cholangitis, full coverage of the gut microbiome and its role in liver disease, the newest developments in drug-induced liver injury, and changes in hepatitis C virus treatment and hot-button concerns about access to care. New summary boxes at the end of each chapter and a newly streamlined table of contents make it easier to find and understand the information you’re looking for. Hundreds of brand-new illustrations clearly present key aspects of liver disease.

Gastrointestinal Microbiology

Author: Roderick Mackie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461541115
Size: 75.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1889
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Gastrointestinal Microbiology from the Author: Roderick Mackie. Extremely diverse and complicated bacterial and protozoan populations inhabit the rumen and intestinal tract of animals, and there is a delicate balance among the individual populations within this complex microbial community. This authoritative edited volume, the first in a two-volume set, reviews the gut environment and the fermentations taking place in animal digestive tracts. It is an essential source of reference for microbial ecologists and physiologists, medical microbiologists and gastroenterologists, biochemists, nutritionists, veterinarians and animal scientists, and wildlife ecologists.

Sleisenger And Fordtran S Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book

Author: Mark Feldman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455749893
Size: 37.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6043
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Sleisenger And Fordtran S Gastrointestinal And Liver Disease E Book from the Author: Mark Feldman. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader. Get the essential gastroenterology information you need from one authoritative source with an outstanding global reputation for excellence. Zero in on the key information you need to know with a consistent, full-color chapter design. Stay up to date with emerging and challenging topics: enteric microbiota and probiotics; fecal microbiota transplantation; Clostridium difficile colitis; and factitious gastrointestinal diseases. Incorporate the latest findings and improvements in care for liver disease patients—from diagnosis and treatment through post-treatment strategies and management of complications. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices.

Health And The Gut

Author: William Olds
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498701264
Size: 69.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Health And The Gut from the Author: William Olds. The study of the intestinal ecosystem of bacteria in the human gut—the gut microbiome—is a new field that is rapidly evolving. This book serves as an introduction to some of the new and exciting research that is being done in this field. Included are chapters that examine the following: • Gut microbiome’s roles in the pathogenesis of obesity and autoimmune disease • The effect of nutrition on the richness of the microbial community • The stability of the microbiome to various stressors • Emerging ways to diagnose diseases using the microbiome • Exciting prospects for using these microbes to cure disease This easily accessible reference volume offers a comprehensive guide to this relatively new field of study. Edited by a researcher from Yale University, Health and the Gut: The Emerging Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Disease and Therapeutics is an authoritative and easy-to-use reference, ideal for both researchers in the field and those who wish to gain more information about the impact of gut microbiota on human health.

A Systems Biology Approach To Study Metabolic Syndrome

Author: Matej Oresic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319010085
Size: 73.27 MB
Format: PDF
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A Systems Biology Approach To Study Metabolic Syndrome from the Author: Matej Oresic. The aim of this book is to provide the target audience, specifically students of Medicine, Biology, Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, as well as experienced researchers in research fields relevant to metabolic syndrome (MetS) with an overview of the challenges and opportunities in systems biology and how it can be used to tackle MetS. In particular, the aims are: (1) to provide an introduction to the key biological processes involved in the pathophysiology of MetS; (2) through the use of specific examples, provide an introduction to the latest technologies that use a systems biology approach to study MetS; and (3) to give an overview of the mathematical modeling approaches for studying MetS. The clearly written chapters by leading experts in the field provides detailed descriptions crucial for the unique position of this book and its focus on the application of systems biology to tackle specific pathophysiologically relevant aspects of MetS and provides a valuable practical guide to this research community.

Bioactive Food As Dietary Interventions For Liver And Gastrointestinal Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123977649
Size: 63.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Bioactive Food As Dietary Interventions For Liver And Gastrointestinal Disease from the Author: Ronald Ross Watson. Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease provides valuable insights for those seeking nutritional treatment options for those suffering from liver and/or related gastrointestinal disease including Crohn’s, allergies, and colitis among others. Information is presented on a variety of foods including herbs, fruits, soy and olive oil. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers in nutrition, nephrology, and gastroenterology. Addresses the most positive results from dietary interventions using bioactive foods to impact diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal system, including reduction of inflammation, improved function, and nutritional efficiency Presents a wide range of liver and gastrointestinal diseases and provides important information for additional research Associated information can be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways

Gastrointestinal Microbiology

Author: Arthur C. Ouwehand
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420014952
Size: 66.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3847
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Gastrointestinal Microbiology from the Author: Arthur C. Ouwehand. This reference supplies a comprehensive and current overview of every aspect of gastrointestinal microbiota. Expertly written chapters cover conventional and molecular techniques for the study of differing microbial populations, as well as the analysis of microbial activity and interaction with host bodies. Illustrative and up-to-date, this source showcases how fluctuations in our diet, environment, and pharmaceutical intake affect microbial composition and behavior.