The Development Of Trans Jordan 1929 1939

Author: MaÊ»n AbĆ« NĆ«wār
Publisher: Ithaca Press
ISBN: 9780863723032
Size: 27.96 MB
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The Development Of Trans Jordan 1929 1939 from the Author: MaÊ»n AbĆ« NĆ«wār. Very little has been written about the 1929-1939 history of Trans-Jordan-a decade of importance in the history of its struggle for independence and sovereignty, its progress and development, its relations with Palestine and the neighboring Arab countries, and the new awakening of Arab nationalism. During the 1930s, although still under the mandate of the League of Nations (which was entrusted to Great Britain), Trans-Jordan began to develop an international presence. The people remained very poor however, and the government was supported by a grant-in-aid from the British government. The British Resident in Amman, Col. Henry Cox, used that grant-in-aid as a justification for his financial and political control over the new mandated state, which limited its sovereignty. At this time, Great Britain had the largest empire on earth. Her wealth and power, as well as the survival of her empire, depended mainly on her ability to defend her trade routes with her overseas colonies, protectorates, and mandated territories. The Amir Abdullah Ibn al Husain wanted to take Trans-Jordan back from Great Britain and develop it into an independent state. This book examines the decade of that struggle.

The Glubb Reports Glubb Pasha And Britain S Empire Project In The Middle East 1920 1956

Author: Tancred Bradshaw
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113738011X
Size: 49.76 MB
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The Glubb Reports Glubb Pasha And Britain S Empire Project In The Middle East 1920 1956 from the Author: Tancred Bradshaw. The Glubb Reports studies papers written by General Sir John Glubb, the long-serving British commander of the Jordanian Arab Legion. It covers issues such as the role of tribes and desert control, the impact of Palestine, the Arab Legion's role in the first Arab-Israeli war, the expansion of the Arab Legion, and Glubb's dismissal in 1956.

Making Of Jordan

Author: Yoav Alon
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857714562
Size: 29.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Making Of Jordan from the Author: Yoav Alon. At the beginning of the 20th Century Jordan, like much of the Middle East, was a loose collection of tribes. By the time of its independence in 1946 it had the most firmly embedded state structures in the Arab world. Drawing on previously untapped sources, Yoav Alon examines how the disparate clan networks of Jordan were integrated into the Hashemite monarchy, with the help of the British colonial administrators. Taking a grassroot perspective, Alon looks at how the weak state institutions introduced by the Ottomans developed in British-administered Jordan. He shows how these institutions co-opted the structures of tribal society, and produced a distinctive hybrid between modern statehood and tribal confederacy which still characterises Jordan to this day. Key figures emerge in the story of Jordan's transformation, such as John Glubb, the charismatic Arab Legion commander who perceived the power of the nomadic tribes and sought to harness it to imperial Britain's statebuilding agenda. Alon’s innovative approach to the origins of modern Jordan provides fresh insights not only into Jordan itself but into colonialism, modernity and the development of the state in the Middle East.

The Routledge Handbook Of The History Of The Middle East Mandates

Author: Cyrus Schayegh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317497066
Size: 40.20 MB
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The Routledge Handbook Of The History Of The Middle East Mandates from the Author: Cyrus Schayegh. The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Middle East Mandates provides an overview of the social, political, economic, and cultural histories of the Middle East in the decades between the end of the First World War and the late 1940s, when Britain and France abandoned their Mandates. It also situates the history of the Mandates in their wider imperial, international and global contexts, incorporating them into broader narratives of the interwar decades. In 27 thematically organised chapters, the volume looks at various aspects of the Mandates such as: The impact of the First World War and the development of a new state system The impact of the League of Nations and international governance Differing historical perspectives on the impact of the Mandates system Techniques and practices of government The political, social, economic and cultural experiences of the people living in and connected to the Mandates. This book provides the reader with a guide to both the history of the Middle East Mandates and their complex relation with the broader structures of imperial and international life. It will be a valuable resource for all scholars of this period of Middle Eastern and world history.

Britain And Jordan

Author: Tancred Bradshaw
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857721143
Size: 79.36 MB
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Britain And Jordan from the Author: Tancred Bradshaw. In the wake of the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, it has often been alleged that_x000D_ King Abdullah I of Jordan and the Zionist movements colluded to partition Mandate Palestine_x000D_ between them, while Great Britain, the retreating imperial power, gave them tacit approval to do so. Here, Tancred Bradshaw challenges these allegations, looking at the complex and often_x000D_ strained relations between the emerging states of Jordan, Israel and the at first hegemonic, and then crumbling, British Empire._x000D_ _x000D_ The creation of a viable state in Jordan was a rare British imperial success story in the Middle East that was achieved against the odds. Britain’s interests in Jordan were defined by imperial strategy and the requirement to exert their influence in Jordan on the cheap. The reasons as to why Jordan remains a stable hereditary monarchy can be found in the ways in which the British laid the foundations during King Abdullah’s rule. Examining the relationships between the British, King Abdullah I and the Jewish Agency between 1921 and 1951, Britain and Jordan covers the crucial years from the establishment of British mandates in the region, its period of rule and the eventual fall of empire and decolonisation. Bradshaw develops a nuanced picture of the strategic and diplomatic considerations at play, as King Abdullah I, the Zionist founders of Israel and the British through men such as Sir Alec Kirkbride and the infamous General Sir John Glubb, all vied to play a central and critical role in carving out what was to be the modern_x000D_ states of Israel and Jordan._x000D_ _x000D_ Using a wide range of primary sources which have previously been largely ignored, Britain and Jordan offers an essential re-examination of the relationships which were to shape the Middle East as it exists today. It thus contains vital analysis for anyone involved in the study of the Middle East, its politics and history, as well as the demise of Britain’s empire in the region.

Israel S Clandestine Diplomacies

Author: Clive Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019936544X
Size: 34.36 MB
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Israel S Clandestine Diplomacies from the Author: Clive Jones. For over sixty years the state of Israel has proved adept at practising clandestine diplomacy--about which little is known, as one might expect. These hitherto undisclosed episodes in Israel's diplomatic history are revealed for the first time by the contributors to this volume, who explore how relations based upon patronage and personal friendships, as well as ties born from kinship and realpolitik both informed the creation of the state and later defined Israel's relations with a host of actors, both state and non-state. The authors focus on the extent to which Israel's clandestine diplomacies have indeed been regarded as purely functional and sub- ordinate to a realist quest for security amid the perceived hostility of a predominantly Muslim-Arab world, or have in fact proved to be manifestations of a wider acceptance--political, social and cultural--of a Jewish sovereign state as an intrinsic part of the Middle East. They also discuss whether clandestine diplomacy has been more effective in securing Israeli objectives than reliance upon more formal diplomatic ties constrained by inter- national legal obligations and how this often complex and at times contradictory matrix of clandestine relationships continues to influence perceptions of Israel's foreign policy.

Ddr Und Plo

Author: Lutz Maeke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110550105
Size: 57.88 MB
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Ddr Und Plo from the Author: Lutz Maeke. Die SED suggerierte ĂŒber Jahrzehnte hinweg, sie sei ein enges BĂŒndnis mit der PalĂ€stinensischen Befreiungsorganisation unter FĂŒhrung Jassir Arafats eingegangen, das auf gemeinsamen Werten und geteilten politischen Überzeugungen beruhte. Ost-Berlin war demnach ein einflussreicher Partner der PLO, der uneingeschrĂ€nkt fĂŒr die legitimen Rechte der PalĂ€stinenser und ihren eigenen Staat an der Seite Israels eintrat. Aber was bedeutete dies konkret? Wie substanziell war die PLO- und PalĂ€stinapolitik der DDR? Inwiefern griff Ost-Berlin in die MachtkĂ€mpfe um den Vorsitz der PLO ein? Von welchen Faktoren wurde die Haltung des SED-Regimes gegenĂŒber Jassir Arafat bestimmt? Wie verhielt sich Honecker, als Syrien – einer der wichtigsten VerbĂŒndeten der DDR – immer wieder gegen die PalĂ€stinenser im Libanon Krieg fĂŒhrte? Wie beurteilte die SED die Westpolitik der PLO und Arafats Kampf um die politische Anerkennung der Bonner Regierung? Welches Konzept stand hinter Arafats doppelter Deutschlandpolitik? Diesen Fragen geht Lutz Maeke in seiner quellengesĂ€ttigten Studie nach.

King Hussein Of Jordan

Author: Nigel Ashton
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 030014251X
Size: 22.50 MB
Format: PDF
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King Hussein Of Jordan from the Author: Nigel Ashton. A towering figure in the history of Jordan, King Hussein reigned for nearly half a century, from his grandfather's assassination in 1953 to his own death in 1999. In this fascinating biography, Nigel Ashton recounts the eventful life of the king who not only survived but flourished amidst crisis after crisis as ruler of a poor desert nation surrounded by powerful and hostile neighbors. Hussein skillfully navigated complicated relationships with the British, his fellow Arab leaders, the new bordering state of Israel, masses of dispossessed Palestinians within his kingdom, every U.S. president from Eisenhower to Clinton, and every British prime minister from Churchill to Blair. This book illuminates the private man, his key relationships, and his achievements and disappointments as a central player in the tough world of Middle Eastern politics.Ashton has had unique access to King Hussein's private papers, including his secret correspondence with U.S., British, and Israeli leaders, and he has also conducted numerous interviews with members of Hussein's circle and immediate family. The resulting book brings new depth to our understanding of the popular and canny king while also providing new information about the wars of 1967 and 1973, President Reagan's role in the Iran-Contra affair, the evolution of the Middle East peace process, and much more.

Historical Dictionary Of The British Empire

Author: Kenneth J. Panton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0810875241
Size: 71.68 MB
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Historical Dictionary Of The British Empire from the Author: Kenneth J. Panton. For much of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Britain was the dominant world power, its strength based in large part on its command of an Empire that, in the years immediately after World War I, encompassed almost one-quarter of the earth’s land surface and one-fifth of its population. Writers boasted that the sun never set on British possessions, which provided raw materials that, processed in British factories, could be re-exported as manufactured products to expanding colonial markets. The commercial and political might was not based on any grand strategic plan of territorial acquisition, however. The Empire grew piecemeal, shaped by the diplomatic, economic, and military circumstances of the times, and its speedy dismemberment in the mid-twentieth century was, similarly, a reaction to the realities of geopolitics in post-World War II conditions. Today the Empire has gone but it has left a legacy that remains of great significance in the modern world. The Historical Dictionary of the British Empire covers its history through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Britain.

The Sage Encyclopedia Of War Social Science Perspectives

Author: Paul Joseph
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483359913
Size: 69.49 MB
Format: PDF
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The Sage Encyclopedia Of War Social Science Perspectives from the Author: Paul Joseph. Traditional explorations of war look through the lens of history and military science, focusing on big events, big battles, and big generals. By contrast, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspective views war through the lens of the social sciences, looking at the causes, processes and effects of war and drawing from a vast group of fields such as communication and mass media, economics, political science and law, psychology and sociology. Key features include: More than 650 entries organized in an A-to-Z format, authored and signed by key academics in the field Entries conclude with cross-references and further readings, aiding the researcher further in their research journeys An alternative Reader’s Guide table of contents groups articles by disciplinary areas and by broad themes A helpful Resource Guide directing researchers to classic books, journals and electronic resources for more in-depth study This important and distinctive work will be a key reference for all researchers in the fields of political science, international relations and sociology.