Democracy Participation And Contestation

Author: Emmanuelle Avril
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750772
Size: 58.43 MB
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Democracy Participation And Contestation from the Author: Emmanuelle Avril. The establishment of democracy on both sides of the Atlantic has not been a smooth evolution towards an idealized presumed endpoint. Far from it, democratization has been marked by setbacks and victories, a process often referred to as ‘contested democracy’. In view of recent mobilizations such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, in which new technologies have played a key role, there is a need for a renewed analysis of the long-term evolution of US and UK political systems. Using new areas of research, this book argues that the ideals and the practices of Anglo-American democracy can be best understood by studying diverse forms of participation, which go beyond classical expressions of contestation and dissent such as voting. The authors analyze political parties, social movements, communications and social media, governance, cultural diversity, identity politics, public-private actors and social cohesion to illustrate how the structure and context of popular participation play a significant role in whether, and when, citizens ́ efforts have any meaningful impact on those who exercise political power. In doing so, the authors take crucial steps towards understanding how a vigorous public sphere and popular sovereignty can be made to work in today’s global environment. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, British and US history, democracy, political participation, governance, social movements and politics.

What Kind Of Democracy

Author: Kateřina Vráblíková
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131722650X
Size: 65.50 MB
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What Kind Of Democracy from the Author: Kateřina Vráblíková. The broad expansion of non-electoral political participation is considered one of the major changes in the nature of democratic citizenship in the 21st century. Most scholars – but also governments, transnational and subnational political institutions, and various foundations – have adopted the notion that contemporary democratic societies need a more politically active citizenry. Yet, contemporary democracies widely differ in the extent to which their citizens get involved in politics beyond voting. Why is political activism other than voting flourishing in the United States, but is less common in Britain and almost non-existent in post-communist countries like Bulgaria? The book shows that the answer does not lie in citizen’s predispositions, social capital or institutions of consensual democracy. Instead, the key to understanding cross-country differences in political activism beyond voting rests in democratic structures that combine inclusiveness and contestation. What Kind of Democracy? is the first book to provide a theoretically driven empirical analysis of how different types of democratic arrangements affect individual participation in non-electoral politics.

Comparative Politics

Author: Jeffrey Kopstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139446044
Size: 61.77 MB
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Comparative Politics from the Author: Jeffrey Kopstein. Now in a completely updated second edition, this textbook has become a favorite for the introductory undergraduate course in comparative politics. It features ten theoretically and historically grounded country studies that show how the three major concepts of comparative analysis - interests, identities, and institutions - shape the politics of nations. Throughout the presentation, countries appear in the context of a changing global order that creates challenges to each country's path of development. These challenges frequently alter domestic interests and identities, and force countries to find new institutional solutions to the problems of modern politics. Written in a style free of heavy-handed jargon and organized to address the concerns of contemporary comparativists, this textbook provides students with the conceptual tools and historical background they need to understand the politics of our complex world.

Deliberative Democracy And Beyond

Author: John S. Dryzek
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199250431
Size: 70.86 MB
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Deliberative Democracy And Beyond from the Author: John S. Dryzek. The past few years have seen a remarkable ferment in the theory of democracy. Deliberative Democracy and Beyond is a critical tour through recent democratic theory by one of the leading political theorist in the field. It examines the deliberative turn in democratic theory, which argued that the essence of democratic legitimacy is to be found in authentic deliberations on the part of those affected by a collective decision. The deliberative turn began as a challenge to established institutions and models of democracy, but it has now been largely assimilated by these same institutions and models. Drawing a distinction between liberal constitutionalist deliberative democracy and discursive democracy, the author criticizes the former and advocates the latter. He argues that a defensible theory of democracy should be critical of established power, pluralistic, reflexive in its questioning orientation to established traditions, transnational in its capacity to extend across state boundaries, ecological, and dynamic in its openness to ever-changing constraints upon and opportunities for democratization. Dryzek's reinvigorated approach enables deliberative democracy to respond more effectively to the criticisms that have been leveled against it. Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restrictions as to approach subject matter. Series Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan

Triumph Deficit Or Contestation

Author: John Gaventa
Size: 33.88 MB
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Triumph Deficit Or Contestation from the Author: John Gaventa. Around the world concepts and constructions of democracy are under contestation. Some analysts see the spread of democratic institutional designs as evidence of democracys triumph. Others - across both north and south - point to growing democratic deficits, and how they threaten democratic legitimacy. Following a review of these debates, this paper focuses on emerging debates within what is often referred to as the deepening democracy field, a school of thinking that focuses on the political project of developing and sustaining more substantive and empowered citizen participation in the democratic process than is often found in representative democracy alone. Within this school, the paper explores four broad approaches - civil society democracy, participatory democracy, deliberative democracy and empowered participatory governance - and how they differ from one another as well as from thinner forms of democracy associated with liberal and neoliberal thinking. The paper argues that democracy-building is an ongoing process of struggle and contestation rather than the adoption of a standard institutional design, and poses a series of challenges which future conceptual and practical work on deepening democracy may need to address.

The Edinburgh Companion To The History Of Democracy

Author: Benjamin Isakhan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748653686
Size: 47.82 MB
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The Edinburgh Companion To The History Of Democracy from the Author: Benjamin Isakhan. Takes a fresh look at the history of democracy, broadening the traditional view with previously unexplored examples. This substantial reference work critically re-examines the history of democracy, from ancient history to possible directions it may take in the future. 44 chapters explore the origins of democracy and explore new - and sometimes surprising - examples from around the world. Each of the 9 parts introduces the period, followed by 3 to 7 case studies.

Facebook Democracy

Author: Professor José Marichal
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 140946167X
Size: 10.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Facebook Democracy from the Author: Professor José Marichal. In July 2010, Facebook had over 500 million subscribers worldwide and the rapid rise of the site prompted Time magazine to name Facebook's founder Mark Zuckerberg its person of the year for 2010. This novel book advances our understanding of how democratic citizens are transformed by the "Facebook revolution". Despite increasing interest in politics and popular media, there has been little academic work on the impact of Facebook on politics in general, and on democratic processes in particular. The work that does exist has been limited to Facebook's impact on politics as a mobilization tool used by social movement activists. In this book, José Marichal argues that understanding Facebook's impact on political processes requires an understanding of how Facebook's architecture of disclosure shapes the construction of individuals' political identities by drawing users further into their pre-selected social networks. Drawing on a number of disciplines and an ethnographic analysis of 250 Facebook political groups, Marichal explores how Facebook's emphasis on social connection impacts key dimensions of political participation: e.g., mobilization, deliberation, and attitude formation.

Democracy In Divided Societies

Author: Ben Reilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521797306
Size: 66.60 MB
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Democracy In Divided Societies from the Author: Ben Reilly. He shows that electoral systems which encourage bargaining between rival political actors, which promote the development of broad-based political parties and which present politicians with incentives to attract votes from a range of ethnic groups can encourage the development of moderate, accommodatory political competition even in the most divided societies."--BOOK JACKET.

The Shadow Of Kenyan Democracy

Author: Dominic Burbidge
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317016173
Size: 20.89 MB
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The Shadow Of Kenyan Democracy from the Author: Dominic Burbidge. Why has democracy failed to reduce corruption in Kenya? Framing the challenge in game theoretical terms, Dominic Burbidge examines how mutual expectations between citizens dictate the success or failure of political reforms. Since 1992, Kenya has conducted multiparty elections with the hope of promoting accountability and transparency in government. This is being undermined by ongoing corruption and an increasingly centralised state response to terrorism. Providing a nuanced assessment of democracy’s difficult road in Kenya, Burbidge discusses the independent role being played by widespread social expectations of corruption. Through tracking average views of the average person, it is possible to identify a threshold beyond which society suffers mutually reinforcing negative social expectations. This trend is the shadow of Kenyan democracy, and must be treated as a policy challenge on its own terms before institutional reforms will be successful.

Transitions To Democracy

Author: Lisa Anderson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231502478
Size: 17.85 MB
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Transitions To Democracy from the Author: Lisa Anderson. -- Andrew J. Nathan, Columbia University