Crime At El Escorial

Author: D. J. Walker
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761863567
Size: 38.85 MB
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Crime At El Escorial from the Author: D. J. Walker. Crime at El Escorial presents a comparative social and judicial analysis of an 1892 child murder, drawing from newspaper archives among other historical documents. D.J. Walker discusses the role of Spain’s intellectual elite in crystallizing dissatisfaction with the popular jury through its criticism of the “masses” and the impact of journalists’ fictionalized representations of the murder on public opinion.

Historia Patria

Author: Carolyn P. Boyd
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691026565
Size: 72.71 MB
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Historia Patria from the Author: Carolyn P. Boyd. Beginning with the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1875 and ending with the death of General Francisco Franco in 1975, this book explores the intersection of education and nationalism in Spain. Based on a broad range of archival and published sources, including parliamentary and ministerial records, pedagogical treatises and journals, teachers' manuals, memoirs, and a sample of over two hundred primary and secondary school textbooks, the study examines ideological and political conflict among groups of elites seeking to shape popular understanding of national history and identity through the schools, both public and private. A burgeoning literature on European nationalisms has posited that educational systems in general, and an instrumentalized version of national history in particular, have contributed decisively to the articulation and transmission of nationalist ideologies. The Spanish case reveals a different dynamic. In Spain, a chronically weak state, a divided and largely undemocratic political class, and an increasingly polarized social and political climate impeded the construction of an effective system of national education and the emergence of a consensus on the shape and meaning of the Spanish national past. This in turn contributed to one of the most striking features of modern Spanish political and cultural life--the absence of a strong sense of Spanish, as opposed to local or regional, identity. Scholars with interests in modern European cultural politics, processes of state consolidation, nationalism, and the history of education will find this book essential reading.

Crime Police And Penal Policy

Author: Clive Emsley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 62.10 MB
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Crime Police And Penal Policy from the Author: Clive Emsley. How did ideas about crime and criminals change in Europe from around 1750 to 1940? How did European states respond to these changes with the development of police and penal institutions? Clive Emsley attempts to address these questions using recent research on the history of crime and criminal justice in Europe. Exploring the subject chronologically, he addresses the forms of offending, the changing interpretations and understandings of that offending at both elite and popular levels, and how the emerging nation states of the period responded to criminal activity by the development of police forces and the refinement of forms of punishment. The book focuses on the comparative nature in which different states studied each other and their institutions, and the ways in which different reformers exchanged ideas and investigated policing and penal experiments in other countries. It also explores the theoretical issues underpinning recent research, emphasising that the changes in ideas on crime and criminals were neither linear nor circular, and demonstrating clearly that many ideas hailed as new by contemporary politicians and in current debate on crime and its 'solutions', have a very long and illustrious history.

Chymia

Author: Miguel LĂłpez-PĂ©rez
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443826073
Size: 22.29 MB
Format: PDF
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Chymia from the Author: Miguel LĂłpez-PĂ©rez. In September 2008, an international conference on the history of alchemy was held at El Escorial, close to the ancient location of the distilling houses operating under royal patronage during the second half of the 16th century. The present book consists of a selection of the papers presented then, shedding light on little-studied medieval and early modern texts, important alchemical doctrines such as medieval corpuscularianism, early modern spiritus mundi or the function of salt within chymical principles, and discussing such prominent figures as Paracelsus, Isaac Hollandus, Michael Sendivogius, Fontenelle or G. E. Stahl. Last but not least, the book offers new insights on the most recent history of Spanish alchemy.

The Role Of Courts In Transitional Justice

Author: Jessica Almqvist
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136579265
Size: 72.35 MB
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The Role Of Courts In Transitional Justice from the Author: Jessica Almqvist. "This book examines the role of courts in times of transition. The book focuses on judicial experiences from the Iberoamerican region, in particular Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Spain and Guatemala, exploring the extent to which national courts have been able to shoulder the task of investigating and prosecuting grave crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, committed in the context of a previous repressive rule or current conflict. The volume contains contributions from judges, prosecutors, and scholarly experts in the region. It offers first-hand experiences and expert findings on crucial issues surrounding the role of the courts including: balancing principles of justice and fundamental concerns about legality and non-retroactivity; security problems facing courts in conflict situations; the immense case load; the role of regional and international courts in aiding their national counterparts; and the cooperation between different and overlapping jurisdictional competences. The book also draws attention to the way in which regional and international courts have come to contribute to the initiation of national judicial processes, above all, through international standard-setting and pressure. It goes on to articulate a philosophical critique of the dominant understandings of transitional justice because it has not paid sufficient attention to criminal justice. In this context, the volume outlines an alternative conceptualisation that seems better equipped to both explain the recent developments towards the 'judicialization' of transitional justice politics while, at the same time, also insisting on the continued need for caution and critical reflection on the role of courts in times of transition"--Provided by publisher.

Paper Liberals

Author: David Ortiz
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313312168
Size: 42.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Paper Liberals from the Author: David Ortiz. Examines the political and cultural history of late-19th and early 20th century Spain and links the development of a liberal tradition and a public sphere to Spain's smooth transition to parliamentary government in the mid-1970s.

Spanish Women And The Colonial Wars Of The 1890s

Author: D. J. Walker
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 0807133167
Size: 58.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Spanish Women And The Colonial Wars Of The 1890s from the Author: D. J. Walker. In the late 1890s a journalist wrote, "Spanish women would rather weep at a husband's or a son's gravesite than blush for lack of patriotic fervor." Yet at a time when women were expected to sacrifice their sons and husbands willingly for the sake of the nation, women organized and led three significant demonstrations against conscription in Spain. In Spanish Women and the Colonial Wars of the 1890s,D. J. Walker succeeds not only in contextualizing these demonstrations but also in elucidating what they suggested to contemporaries about the role of women in public life in late nineteenth-century Spain. During Spain's military action against an uprising in its North African enclave of Melilla (1893) and its wars against separatists in Cuba (1868--78, 1895--98) and the Philippines (1896--98), Spaniards could pay a fee to the government to avoid being drafted -- leaving the poor to fill the military's ranks. To protest unequal conscription practices, women organized a demonstration in Zaragoza on August 1, 1896, and two smaller demonstrations followed in Chiva (Valencia) and Viso del Alcor (near Sevilla). While such demonstrations were small in number and had no effect on government policy, they received considerable attention in Spain and across the globe. Drawing on a broad range of primary sources, including literature, memoirs, and visual representations, Walker explores what the eruption of these protests meant to the various groups that made up the political opposition in Spain. She also considers the extent to which the history of women in the 1890s yields insights into the Spanish government's efforts to muffle any calls for change that were connected either to the status of women or that of the working classes. She reviews the representation of women in connection to war and violence in the press and in other contemporary writings, as well as the perceptions of women and violence regarding the Paris Commune (still a vivid memory for a number of Spaniards in 1896) and anarchism. The appendix includes excerpts from primary sources that present often-neglected ideas and programs of dissident women, including Teresa Claramunt, Soledad Gustavo, and Angeles LĂłpez de Ayala. Affording specific insights into the formidable obstacles -- including the Catholic Church, class, and gender animosities -- that blocked change in the status and role of women in Spanish society, Spanish Women and the Colonial Wars of the 1890s delineates the beginnings of meaningful struggles against those barriers.

Leone Leoni And The Status Of The Artist At The End Of The Renaissance

Author: KelleyHelmstutlerDi Dio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351560352
Size: 50.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Leone Leoni And The Status Of The Artist At The End Of The Renaissance from the Author: KelleyHelmstutlerDi Dio. The late Renaissance sculptor Leone Leoni (1509-1590) came from modest beginnings, but died as a nobleman and knight. His remarkable leap in status from his humble birth to a stonemason's family, to his time as a galley slave, to living as a nobleman and courtier in Milan provide a specific case study of an artist's struggle and triumph over existing social structures that marginalized the Renaissance artist. Based on a wealth of discoveries in archival documents, correspondence, and contemporary literature, the author examines the strategies Leoni employed to achieve his high social position, such as the friendships he formed, the type of education he sought out, the artistic imagery he employed, and the aristocratic trappings he donned. Leoni's multiple roles (imperial sculptor, aristocrat, man of erudition, and criminal), the visual manifestations of these roles in his house, collection, and tomb, the form and meaning of the artistic commissions he undertook, and the particular successes he enjoyed are here situated within the complex political, social and economic contexts of northern Italy and the Spanish court in the sixteenth century.

Juan Dom Nguez De Mendoza

Author: Marc Simmons
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826351174
Size: 50.16 MB
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Juan Dom Nguez De Mendoza from the Author: Marc Simmons. Studies of seventeenth-century New Mexico have largely overlooked the soldiers and frontier settlers who formed the backbone of the colony and laid the foundations of European society in a distant outpost of Spain's North American empire. This book, the final volume in the Coronado Historical Series, recognizes the career of Juan DomĂ­nguez de Mendoza, a soldier-colonist who was as instrumental as any governor or friar in shaping Hispano-Indian society in New Mexico. DomĂ­nguez de Mendoza served in New Mexico from age thirteen to fifty-eight as a stalwart defender of Spain's interests during the troubled decades before the 1680 Pueblo Revolt. Because of his successful career, the archives of Mexico and Spain provide extensive information on his activities. The documents translated in this volume reveal more cooperative relations between Spaniards and Pueblo Indians than previously understood.