Estimating Costs Of Air Pollution Control

Author: William M. Vatavuk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780873711425
Size: 48.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Estimating Costs Of Air Pollution Control from the Author: William M. Vatavuk. In these pages is all the information that you-manager, engineer, or other technical professional-would need to select, size, and estimate "budget/study" level capital and annual costs for a variety of air pollution control equipment. This equipment includes wet scrubbers, carbon adsorbers, and other "add-on" devices. This book also deals with such nonstack controls as wet dust suppression systems and flue gas desulfurization systems. The costs are current (1988 or 1989 dollars) and are mainly presented in equational form for ease of computerization and updating. Clear, comprehensive equipment sizing procedures are also detailed. Finally, several detailed example problems are included to illustrate the sizing and costing procedures. This book is not just for technical personnel, however. The material is easy to grasp and use. Anyone with an air pollution control background can follow and apply the procedures and data herein. Using this book, air pollution control professionals can now develop sound, defensible (within ±30%) cost estimates with a minimum of time and effort.

Costs Of Air Pollution Control

Author: Stefan Reis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540439349
Size: 63.13 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Costs Of Air Pollution Control from the Author: Stefan Reis. This book describes the development of cost effective abatement strategies aimed at the control of air pollutant emissions in Europe, with a focus on ground level ozone. The author starts with the air pollution status quo in the late 1990s, discussing the impacts of photooxidant concentrations in the context of other air pollution related effects. Emission sources are then analysed in detail, deriving a scenario for a business-as-usual development of ozone precursor emissions. From a cost-benefit perspective, it is shown that only an integrated assessment of all air pollutants and their effects can achieve a full accounting that reflects synergies and hidden benefits. The modelling scheme identifies emission targets required to achieve compliance with EU thresholds, and calculations reveal the need to review established ozone thresholds and emission limits, in particular in view of the accession of Central and Eastern European nations and the resulting geographic extension.

The Cost Of Air Pollution

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 24.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Cost Of Air Pollution from the Author: . This study sets out to calculate the economic costs of premature mortality from air pollution to strengthen the business case for governments to act ambitiously in reducing pollution. The costs of pollution to society are many, but a full accounting is beyond the scope of this report. Instead, it will focus on what many studies have shown to be the largest and most damaging cost of pollution: premature mortality. The number of deaths each year attributable to air pollution makes a compelling case for reducing pollution. Valuing the costs of premature deaths associated with pollution helps to further highlight the severity of the problem. Governments face a wide array of competing development challenges, and monetizing the costs of pollution can help them decide how to allocate scarce resources to better the lives of their citizens. Monetary values can also help hem measure the benefits of policies to tackle pollution and, when compared with costs of implementation, to devise cost-effective air quality management plans. This study also presents the results of 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD 2013 Collaborators 2015). The GBD measures illnesses and premature deaths from a multitude of causes and risk factors around the world, including air pollution. It offers the most extensive estimates of exposure and trends in air pollution levels and their associated burden of disease. The GBD effort dates to the early 1990s when the World Bank commissioned the original GBD study for feature in its World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health. Since 2010, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, Seattle, has steered the GBD study, with the latest set of estimates for 2013.

Valuing The Social Cost Of Air Pollution In Bophelong Township

Author: Ismael Maloma
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 51.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Valuing The Social Cost Of Air Pollution In Bophelong Township from the Author: Ismael Maloma. Lugbesoedeling -- Gebeurlike skatting -- Armoede -- Herwinbare energie -- Sosiale koste -- Volhoubare ontwikkeling -- Bereidwilligheid om te betaal -- Air pollution -- Contingent valuation -- Poverty -- Renewable energy -- Social cost -- Sustainable development -- Willingness to pay.

Air Pollution

Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788140839
Size: 68.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Air Pollution from the Author: DIANE Publishing Company. To determine the costs & benefits of the Clean Air Act (CAA) enacted before the 1990 amendments, EPA is undertaking a retrospective study, using a sequential, six step methodology. This study will compare the economic, health & environmental conditions that have resulted from the CAA amend. enacted before 1990 with projections of what these conditions would have been without the amend. For the second study EPA will contrast the effects of air quality standards imposed by legislation enacted before 1990 with the effects of all potential post-1990 standards.

Social Costs Of Morbidity Impacts Of Air Pollution

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Social Costs Of Morbidity Impacts Of Air Pollution from the Author: . Outdoor air pollution is a major determinant of health worldwide. The greatest public health effects are from increased mortality in adults. However, both PM and O3 also cause a wide range of other, less serious, health outcomes; and there are effects on mortality and morbidity of other pollutants also, e.g. nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2). These adverse health effects have economic consequences; OECD (2014) suggests that the social costs of the health impact of outdoor air pollution in OECD countries, China and India was approximately USD 1.7 trillion and USD 1.9 trillion, respectively, in 2010. However, the study highlights that though the social costs of premature mortality account for the majority of these totals, the social costs of morbidity remain poorly estimated. The objective of this paper is to inform the development of improved estimates of the social costs of human morbidity impacts resulting from outdoor air pollution in two components; namely to develop a core set of pollutant-health end-points to be covered when estimating the costs of morbidity, and to review current estimates of the cost of morbidity from air pollution.