Community Based Heritage In Africa

Author: Peter R. Schmidt
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351980920
Size: 37.13 MB
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Community Based Heritage In Africa from the Author: Peter R. Schmidt. This volume provides a powerful alternative to the Western paradigms that have governed archaeological inquiry and heritage studies in Africa. Community-based Heritage Research in Africa boldly shifts focus away from top-down community engagements, usually instigated by elite academic and heritage institutions, to examine locally initiated projects. Schmidt explores how and why local research initiatives, which are often motivated by rapid culture change caused by globalization, arose among the Haya people of western Tanzania. In particular, the trauma of HIV/AIDS resulted in the loss of elders who had performed oral traditions and rituals at sacred places, the two most recognized forms of heritage among the Haya as well as distinct alternatives to the authorized heritage discourse favored around the globe. Examining three local initiatives, Schmidt draws on his experience as an anthropologist invited to collaborate and co-produce with the Haya to provide a poignant rendering of the successes, conflicts, and failures that punctuated their participatory community research efforts. This frank appraisal privileges local voices and focuses attention on the unique and important contributions that such projects can make to the preservation of regional history. Through this blend of personalized narrative and analytical examination, the book provides fresh insights into African archaeology and heritage studies.

Community Archaeology And Heritage In Africa

Author: Peter Schmidt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317220749
Size: 17.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Community Archaeology And Heritage In Africa from the Author: Peter Schmidt. This volume provides new insights into the distinctive contributions that community archaeology and heritage make to the decolonization of archaeological practice. Using innovative approaches, the contributors explore important initiatives which have protected and revitalized local heritage, initiatives that involved archaeologists as co-producers rather than leaders. These case studies underline the need completely reshape archaeological practice, engaging local and indigenous communities in regular dialogue and recognizing their distinctive needs, in order to break away from the top-down power relationships that have previously characterized archaeology in Africa. Community Archaeology and Heritage in Africa reflects a determined effort to change how archaeology is taught to future generations. Through community-based participatory approaches, archaeologists and heritage professionals can benefit from shared resources and local knowledge; and by sharing decision-making with members of local communities, archaeological inquiry can enhance their way of life, ameliorate their human rights concerns, and meet their daily needs to build better futures. Exchanging traditional power structures for research design and implementation, the examples outlined in this volume demonstrate the discipline’s exciting capacity to move forward to achieve its potential as a broader, more accessible, and more inclusive field.

African Cultural Heritage Conservation And Management

Author: Susan Osireditse Keitumetse
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319320173
Size: 62.72 MB
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African Cultural Heritage Conservation And Management from the Author: Susan Osireditse Keitumetse. For a long time, resource conservationists have viewed environmental conservation as synonymous with wilderness and wildlife resources only, oblivious to the contributions made by cultural and heritage resources. However, cultural heritage resources in many parts of the developing world are gradually becoming key in social (e.g. communities’ identities and museums), economic (heritage tourism and eco-tourism), educational (curriculum development), civic (intergenerational awareness), and international resources management (e.g. UNESCO). In universities, African cultural heritage resources are facing a challenge of being brought into various academic discourses and syllabi in a rather reactive and/or haphazard approach, resulting in failure to fully address and research these resources’ conservation needs to ensure that their use in multiple platforms and by various stakeholders is sustainable. This book seeks to place African cultural heritage studies and conservation practices within an international and modern world discourse of conservation by presenting its varied themes and topics that are important for the development of the wider field of cultural heritage studies and management.

Nature As Local Heritage In Africa

Author: Thomas J. Bassett
ISBN: 9780748632640
Size: 80.72 MB
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Nature As Local Heritage In Africa from the Author: Thomas J. Bassett. Concepts of ‚Äėnatural heritage‚Äô, or ‚Äėpatrimoine naturel‚Äô, have become increasingly prominent in biodiversity conservation initiatives in Africa. A country‚Äôs natural resources are taken to constitute a ‚Äėheritage‚Äô that local resource users have a ‚Äėstake‚Äô in preserving and passing on to future generations. This approach to resource conservation privileges local knowledge, control, and management. It arose as an alternative to state-led conservation initiatives, which so often led to tensions and land use conflicts. ‚ÄėNatural heritage‚Äô is conserved by ‚Äėregimes of nature management‚Äô through which communities act as stakeholders, preserving species and landscapes on their own terms. So far so promising, but, despite its apparently precise terminology, this conception, with its emphasis on local cultures and capacities, and the devolution of control to local communities, remains poorly conceptualized. This collection of papers, first published in the journal Africa in 2007, presents the fruits of a collaborative project between African, American and French scholars seeking to understand in more specific terms how natural heritage, territory, and identity relate to each other. They argue that, particularly at a time when neo-liberal reforms (decentralization, privatization) are being grafted onto community-based organizations and local knowledge, it is important that we give greater attention to how nature, communities, resources, and management practices are conceptualized, prioritized, and (re)configured to ensure that livelihoods and environments are truly enhanced in a sustainable and equitable manner.

Cultural Tourism In Southern Africa

Author: Haretsebe Manwa
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 184541554X
Size: 45.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cultural Tourism In Southern Africa from the Author: Haretsebe Manwa. This volume provides an accessible overview of cultural tourism in southern Africa. It examines the utilisation of culture in southern African tourism and the related impacts, possibilities and challenges from deep and wide-ranging perspectives. The chapters use case studies to showcase some of the cultural tourism which occurs in the region and link to concepts such as authenticity, commodification, the tourist gaze and ‚ÄėOtherness‚Äô, heritage, sustainability and sustainable livelihoods. The authors scrutinise both positive and negative impacts of cultural tourism throughout the book and explore issues including the definition of community, ethical considerations, empowerment, gender, participation and inequality. The book will be a useful resource for students and researchers of tourism, geography, anthropology and cultural studies.

Tradition Archaeological Heritage Protection And Communities In The Limpopo Province Of South Africa

Author: Innocent Pikirayi
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9994455680
Size: 52.88 MB
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Tradition Archaeological Heritage Protection And Communities In The Limpopo Province Of South Africa from the Author: Innocent Pikirayi. This book captures community voices in matters relating to their relationship with specific archaeological heritage sites and landscapes in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. Focusing on the stonewalled archaeological heritage associated with Venda speakers and the reburial in 2008 of human remains excavated by the University of Pretoria from the cultural landscape of Mapungubwe, the book attempts to establish why archaeology and cultural heritage conservation struggle for relevance in South Africa today. In articulating the relevance of archaeology in South Africa in particular and southern Africa in general and in the context of public or community-based archaeology, the book explores how communities and the public interact, use and negotiate with their pasts. The research critiques the notion of archaeological heritage conservation and attempts to understand cultural heritage conservation from the perspectives of descendant communities. The book further exposes the conflict between cultural heritage protection efforts and modern development and questions the role of such efforts, given the challenges of unemployment, social inequality and poverty in democratic South Africa. The book is also about community engagement in archaeology, specifically in matters relating to access to cultural heritage resources. This study suggests that there is scope for community archaeology to take centre stage and drive future directions in archaeology if archaeologists change their approach in dealing with communities. Researchers are challenged in this study to rethink the notion of heritage, to debate the objectives behind cultural heritage conservation and to critically reexamine the relevance of archaeology today. This study suggests that the conflicting positions between heritage managers, archaeologists and descendant communities may be resolved through sharing of 'tradition' with the 'present'.

Ancient Complex Societies

Author: Jennifer C. Ross
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315305623
Size: 22.23 MB
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Ancient Complex Societies from the Author: Jennifer C. Ross. Ancient Complex Societies examines the archaeological evidence for the rise and functioning of politically and socially ‚Äúcomplex‚ÄĚ cultures in antiquity. Particular focus is given to civilizations exhibiting positions of leadership, social and administrative hierarchies, emerging and already developed complex religious systems, and economic differentiation. Case studies are drawn from around the globe, including Asia, the Mediterranean region, and the American continents. Using case studies from Africa, Polynesia, and North America, discussion is dedicated to identifying what ‚Äúcomplex‚ÄĚ means and when it should be applied to ancient systems. Each chapter attempts to not only explore the sociopolitical and economic elements of ancient civilizations, but to also present an overview of what life was like for the later population within each system, sometimes drilling down to individual people living their daily lives. Throughout the chapters, the authors address problems with the idea of complexity, the incomparability of cultures, and the inconsistency of archaeological and historical evidence in reconstructing ancient cultures.

Managing Heritage In Africa

Author: Shadreck Chirikure
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138202818
Size: 47.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Managing Heritage In Africa from the Author: Shadreck Chirikure. Managing Heritage in Africa provides a wide-ranging, up-to-date synthesis of heritage management practice in Africa, covering a broad spectrum of heritage issues such as archaeology, living traditions, sacred sites, heritage of pain (slavery), international conventions cultural landscapes, heritage in conflict areas and heritage versus development. Dealing with both intangible and tangible heritage, Managing Heritage in Africa gives an informative insight into some of the major issues and approaches to contemporary heritage management in Africa and situates the challenges facing heritage practitioners.

African American Psychology

Author: Faye Z Belgrave
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761924715
Size: 46.77 MB
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African American Psychology from the Author: Faye Z Belgrave. African American Psychology, written by Faye Z. Belgrave & Kevin W. Allison, serves as an integrated resource that is sure to spark many such discussions about contemporary theory and research in this rapidly expanding field. Considering both the traditional American psychology literature as well as the more recent Africentric scholarship, this book offers comprehensive coverage of the research and theory that have developed over the past two decades. African American Psychology offers a timely broad-based overview of key topics and research specifically relevant to the psychology of African American culture.