Cold War And Decolonization In Guinea 1946 1958

Author: Elizabeth Schmidt
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821417630
Size: 27.92 MB
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Cold War And Decolonization In Guinea 1946 1958 from the Author: Elizabeth Schmidt. Winner of the African Politics Conference Group’s Best Book Award In September 1958, Guinea claimed its independence, rejecting a constitution that would have relegated it to junior partnership in the French Community. In all the French empire, Guinea was the only territory to vote “No.” Orchestrating the “No” vote was the Guinean branch of the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA), an alliance of political parties with affiliates in French West and Equatorial Africa and the United Nations trusts of Togo and Cameroon. Although Guinea’s stance vis-à-vis the 1958 constitution has been recognized as unique, until now the historical roots of this phenomenon have not been adequately explained. Clearly written and free of jargon, Cold War and Decolonization in Guinea argues that Guinea’s vote for independence was the culmination of a decade-long struggle between local militants and political leaders for control of the political agenda. Since 1950, when RDA representatives in the French parliament severed their ties to the French Communist Party, conservative elements had dominated the RDA. In Guinea, local cadres had opposed the break. Victimized by the administration and sidelined by their own leaders, they quietly rebuilt the party from the base. Leftist militants, their voices muted throughout most of the decade, gained preeminence in 1958, when trade unionists, students, the party’s women’s and youth wings, and other grassroots actors pushed the Guinean RDA to endorse a “No” vote. Thus, Guinea’s rejection of the proposed constitution in favor of immediate independence was not an isolated aberration. Rather, it was the outcome of years of political mobilization by activists who, despite Cold War repression, ultimately pushed the Guinean RDA to the left. The significance of this highly original book, based on previously unexamined archival records and oral interviews with grassroots activists, extends far beyond its primary subject. In illuminating the Guinean case, Elizabeth Schmidt helps us understand the dynamics of decolonization and its legacy for postindependence nation-building in many parts of the developing world. Examining Guinean history from the bottom up, Schmidt considers local politics within the larger context of the Cold War, making her book suitable for courses in African history and politics, diplomatic history, and Cold War history.

Crises Of Empire

Author: Martin Thomas
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472530187
Size: 55.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Crises Of Empire from the Author: Martin Thomas. Crises of Empire offers a comprehensive and uniquely comparative analysis of the history of decolonization in the British, French and Dutch empires. By comparing the processes of decolonization across three of the major modern empires, from the aftermath of the First World War to the late 20th century, the authors are able to analyse decolonization as a long-term process. They explore significant changes to the international system, shifting popular attitudes to colonialism and the economics of empire. This new edition incorporates the latest developments in the historiography, as well as: - Increased coverage of the Belgian and Portuguese empires - New introductions to each of the three main parts, offering some background and context to British, French and Dutch decolonization - More coverage of cultural aspects of decolonization, exploring empire 'from below' This new edition of Crises of Empire is essential reading for all students of imperial history and decolonization. In particular, it will be welcomed by those who are interested in taking a comparative approach, putting the history of decolonization into a pan-European framework.

The Oxford Handbook Of Modern African History

Author: John Parker
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667552
Size: 47.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Oxford Handbook Of Modern African History from the Author: John Parker. The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

Le Non De La Guin E 1958

Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 9782296113312
Size: 16.84 MB
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Le Non De La Guin E 1958 from the Author: . Le 28 septembre 1958, les Guinéens votent à 94% "non" au référendum portant sur la Communauté franco-africaine. Ce vote frappe comme un coup de tonnerre dans le ciel du colonialisme français. Etape fondamentale du processus d'émancipation des pays africain vis-à-vis des métropoles, cette date constitue avant tout un événement fondateur de la nation et de l'Etat guinéens. Dans cet ouvrage, les auteurs ont cherché, en se situant dans le renouvellement actuel des recherches sur la Guinée, à jeter un autre regard sur cet événement et à en explorer les résonances dans l'histoire récente. Très vite, le Non devient en effet porteur de multiples messages : dès le vote acquis, la construction du mythe est en route, aussi bien autour de la figure de Sékou Touré que des enjeux politiques et identitaires de cet acte pour la nation guinéenne. Cet ouvrage vise donc à restituer la genèse du Non comme mythe collectif tout en mettant à jour les usages politiques qui en furent faits par les régimes successifs. Est envisagé le moment du Non dans sa complexité, sa genèse et les formes de mobilisation qui le déterminèrent. Les auteurs analysent ensuite le regard porté sur l'événement, en Guinée et hors de Guinée, à travers les revendications ultérieures des acteurs, leur interprétation et réinterprétation du vote. Ils scrutent les célébrations, porteuses de sens et de symboles, qui se modifient année après année, naviguant entre mémoire et histoire, permettant de multiples variations entre le passé et le présent. Est également étudié l'impact du Non, aussi bien sur les choix politiques, les optiques économiques que la politique culturelle.