Caribbean Paleodemography

Author: L. Antonio Curet
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 081735185X
Size: 45.73 MB
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Caribbean Paleodemography from the Author: L. Antonio Curet. Important information on prehistoric island populations and migrations. According to the European chronicles, at the time of contact, the Greater Antilles were inhabited by the Taino or Arawak Indians, who were organized in hierarchical societies. Since its inception Caribbean archaeology has used population as an important variable in explaining many social, political, and economic processes such as migration, changes in subsistence systems, and the development of institutionalized social stratification. In Caribbean Paleodemography, L. Antonio Curet argues that population has been used casually by Caribbean archaeologists and proposes more rigorous and promising ways in which demographic factors can be incorporated in our modeling of past human behavior. He analyzes a number of demographic issues in island archaeology at various levels of analysis, including inter- and intra-island migration, carrying capacity, population structures, variables in prehistory, cultural changes, and the relationship with material culture and social development. With this work, Curet brings together the diverse theories on Greater Antilles island populations and the social and political forces governing their growth and migration.

The Connected Caribbean

Author: Angus A. A. Mol
Publisher: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088902593
Size: 35.55 MB
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The Connected Caribbean from the Author: Angus A. A. Mol. The modern-day Caribbean is a stunningly diverse but also intricately interconnected geo-cultural region, resulting partly from the islands’ shared colonial histories and an increasingly globalizing economy. Perhaps more importantly, before the encounter between the New and Old World took place, the indigenous societies and cultures of the pre-colonial Caribbean were already united in diversity. This work seeks to study the patterns of this pre-colonial homogeneity and diversity and uncover some of their underlying processes and dynamics. In contrast to earlier studies of its kind, this study adopts an archaeological network approach, in part derived from the network sciences. In archaeology, network approaches can be used to explore the complex relations between objects, sites or other archaeological features, and as such represents a powerful new tool for studying material culture systems. Archaeological research in general aims to uncover the social relations and human interactions underlying these material culture systems. Therefore, the interdependencies between social networks and material culture systems are another major focus of this study. This approach and theoretical framework is tested in four case studies dealing with lithic distribution networks, site assemblages as ego-networks, indigenous political networks, and the analysis of artefact styles in 2-mode networks. These were selected for their pertinence to key research themes in Caribbean archaeology, in particular the current debates about the nature of ties and interactions between culturally different communities in the region, and the structure and dynamics of pre-colonial socio-political organisation. The outcomes of these case studies show that archaeological network approaches can provide surprising new insights into longstanding questions about the patterns of pre-colonial connectivity in the region.

The Oxford Handbook Of Caribbean Archaeology

Author: William F. Keegan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199875073
Size: 43.68 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Caribbean Archaeology from the Author: William F. Keegan. The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology provides an overview of archaeological investigations in the insular Caribbean, understood here as the islands whose shores surround the Caribbean Sea and the islands of the Bahama Archipelago. Though these islands were never isolated from the surrounding mainland, their histories are sufficiently diverse to warrant their identification as distinct areas of culture. Over the past 20 years, Caribbean archaeology has been transformed from a focus on reconstructing culture histories to one on the mobility and exchange expressed in cultural and social dynamics. This Handbook brings together, for the first time, examples of the best research conducted by scholars from across the globe to address the complexity of the Caribbean past. The Handbook is divided into five sections. Part I, Islands of History and the Precolonial History of the Caribbean Islands, provides an introduction to Caribbean Archaeology and its history. The papers in the following Ethnohistory section address the diversity of cultural practices expressed in the insular Caribbean and develop historical descriptions in concert with archaeological evidence in order to place language, social organization, and the native Ta?nos and Island Caribs in perspective. The following section, Culture History, provides the latest research on specific geographical locations and cross-cultural engagements, from Jamaica and the Bahama archigelago to the Saladoid and the Isthmo-Antillean Engagements. Creating History, the fourth section, includes papers on specific issues related to the field, such as Zooarchaeology, Rock Art, and DNA analysis, among others. The final section, World History, centers on the consequences of European colonization.

Network Analysis In Archaeology

Author: Carl Knappett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199697094
Size: 11.90 MB
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Network Analysis In Archaeology from the Author: Carl Knappett. Outgrowth of a session organized for the 75th Anniversary Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology held in St. Louis, Mo., in 2010. Cf. acknowledgments.

Rock Art And Sacred Landscapes

Author: Donna L. Gillette
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461484065
Size: 78.12 MB
Format: PDF
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Rock Art And Sacred Landscapes from the Author: Donna L. Gillette. Social and behavioral scientists study religion or spirituality in various ways and have defined and approached the subject from different perspectives. In cultural anthropology and archaeology the understanding of what constitutes religion involves beliefs, oral traditions, practices and rituals, as well as the related material culture including artifacts, landscapes, structural features and visual representations like rock art. Researchers work to understand religious thoughts and actions that prompted their creation distinct from those created for economic, political, or social purposes. Rock art landscapes convey knowledge about sacred and spiritual ecology from generation to generation. Contributors to this global view detail how rock art can be employed to address issues regarding past dynamic interplays of religions and spiritual elements. Studies from a number of different cultural areas and time periods explore how rock art engages the emotions, materializes thoughts and actions and reflects religious organization as it intersects with sociopolitical cultural systems.

Myths And Realities Of Caribbean History

Author: Basil A. Reid
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817355340
Size: 75.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Myths And Realities Of Caribbean History from the Author: Basil A. Reid. This book seeks to debunk eleven popular and prevalent myths about Caribbean history. Using archaeological evidence, it corrects many previous misconceptions promulgated by history books and oral tradition as they specifically relate to the pre-Colonial and European-contact periods. It informs popular audiences, as well as scholars, about the current state of archaeological/historical research in the Caribbean Basin and asserts the value of that research in fostering a better understanding of the region’s past. Contrary to popular belief, the history of the Caribbean did not begin with the arrival of Europeans in 1492. It actually started 7,000 years ago with the infusion of Archaic groups from South America and the successive migrations of other peoples from Central America for about 2,000 years thereafter. In addition to discussing this rich cultural diversity of the Antillean past, Myths and Realities of Caribbean History debates the misuse of terms such as “Arawak” and “Ciboneys,” and the validity of Carib cannibalism allegations.

Caciques And Cemi Idols

Author: Jose R Oliver
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817355154
Size: 72.52 MB
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Caciques And Cemi Idols from the Author: Jose R Oliver. "Caciques and Cemi Idols"""takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemi power, specifically within the Taino inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola."

Envisioning Landscape

Author: Dan Hicks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315429527
Size: 37.23 MB
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Envisioning Landscape from the Author: Dan Hicks. The common feature of landscape archaeology is its diversity – of method, field location, disciplinary influences and contemporary voices. The contributors to this volume take advantage of these many strands to investigate landscape archaeology in its multiple forms, focusing primarily on the link to heritage, the impact on our understanding of temporality, and the situated theory that arises out of landscape studies. Using examples from New York to Northern Ireland, Africa to the Argolid, these pieces capture the human significance of material objects in support of a more comprehensive, nuanced archaeology.

Islands At The Crossroads

Author: L. Antonio Curet
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 081735655X
Size: 49.29 MB
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Islands At The Crossroads from the Author: L. Antonio Curet. Scholars from the Caribbean, the United States and Europe who look beyond cultural boundaries and colonial frontiers to explore the ways in which both distant and more intimate sociocultural, political and economic interactions have shaped Caribbean societies from 7,000 years ago to today. Simultaneous.

Island Lives

Author: Paul Farnsworth
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817310932
Size: 79.12 MB
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Island Lives from the Author: Paul Farnsworth. This comprehensive study of the historical archaeology of the Caribbean provides sociopolitical context for the ongoing development of national identities; points to the future by suggesting different trajectories that historical archaeology and its practitioners may take in the Caribbean arena; and elucidates the problems and issues faced worldwide by researchers working in colonial and post-colonial societies.