Land Surface Remote Sensing

Author: Mehrez Zribi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081012659
Size: 69.42 MB
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Land Surface Remote Sensing from the Author: Mehrez Zribi. Land Surface Remote Sensing: Environment and Risks explores the use of remote sensing in applications concerning the environment, including desertification and monitoring deforestation and forest fires. The first chapter covers the characterization of aerosols and gases by passive remote sensing. The next chapter presents the correlation of optical images for quantifying the deformation of the Earth's surface and geomorphological processes. The third chapter is examines remote sensing applications in the mining environment. The fourth chapter depicts the strong potential of radar imagery for volcanology and urban and mining subsidence studies. The next two chapters deal respectively with the use of remote sensing in locust control and the contribution of remote sensing to the epidemiology of infectious diseases. In the last ten years, spatial observation of the Earth—particularly continental surfaces—has expanded considerably with the launch of increasing numbers of satellites covering various applications (hydrology, biosphere, flow of surface, snow, ice, landslide, floods). This has paved the way for an explosion in the use of remote sensing data. This book offers essential coverage of space-based observation techniques for continental surfaces. The authors explore major applications and provide a corresponding detailed chapter for the physical principles, physics of measurement, and data processing requirements for each technique, bringing you up-to-date descriptions of techniques used by leading scientists in the field of remote sensing and Earth observation. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

World Ocean Assessment

Author: World Ocean Assessment team
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316510018
Size: 78.46 MB
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World Ocean Assessment from the Author: World Ocean Assessment team.

Fostering Innovation In Community And Institutional Corrections

Author: Brian A. Jackson
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833088564
Size: 51.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Fostering Innovation In Community And Institutional Corrections from the Author: Brian A. Jackson. The U.S. corrections enterprise is challenged by a variety of demographic, societal, and fiscal trends, and this report seeks to frame an innovation agenda by identifying and prioritizing potential improvements in technology, policy, and practice.

Bulletin

Author: United States. Bureau of Chemistry
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.51 MB
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Bulletin from the Author: United States. Bureau of Chemistry.

The Competitiveness Of Global Port Cities

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264205276
Size: 25.97 MB
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The Competitiveness Of Global Port Cities from the Author: OECD. Ports and cities are historically strongly linked, but the link between port and city growth has become weaker. This book examines how ports can regain their role as drivers of urban economic growth and how negative port impacts can be mitigated.

Formal Languages Automata And Numeration Systems

Author: Michel Rigo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119008220
Size: 60.47 MB
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Formal Languages Automata And Numeration Systems from the Author: Michel Rigo. Formal Languages, Automaton and Numeration Systems presents readers with a review of research related to formal language theory, combinatorics on words or numeration systems, such as Words, DLT (Developments in Language Theory), ICALP, MFCS (Mathematical Foundation of Computer Science), Mons Theoretical Computer Science Days, Numeration, CANT (Combinatorics, Automata and Number Theory). Combinatorics on words deals with problems that can be stated in a non-commutative monoid, such as subword complexity of finite or infinite words, construction and properties of infinite words, unavoidable regularities or patterns. When considering some numeration systems, any integer can be represented as a finite word over an alphabet of digits. This simple observation leads to the study of the relationship between the arithmetical properties of the integers and the syntactical properties of the corresponding representations. One of the most profound results in this direction is given by the celebrated theorem by Cobham. Surprisingly, a recent extension of this result to complex numbers led to the famous Four Exponentials Conjecture. This is just one example of the fruitful relationship between formal language theory (including the theory of automata) and number theory. Contents to include: • algebraic structures, homomorphisms, relations, free monoid • finite words, prefixes, suffixes, factors, palindromes • periodicity and Fine–Wilf theorem • infinite words are sequences over a finite alphabet • properties of an ultrametric distance, example of the p-adic norm • topology of the set of infinite words • converging sequences of infinite and finite words, compactness argument • iterated morphism, coding, substitutive or morphic words • the typical example of the Thue–Morse word • the Fibonacci word, the Mex operator, the n-bonacci words • wordscomingfromnumbertheory(baseexpansions,continuedfractions,...) • the taxonomy of Lindenmayer systems • S-adic sequences, Kolakoski word • repetition in words, avoiding repetition, repetition threshold • (complete) de Bruijn graphs • concepts from computability theory and decidability issues • Post correspondence problem and application to mortality of matrices • origins of combinatorics on words • bibliographic notes • languages of finite words, regular languages • factorial, prefix/suffix closed languages, trees and codes • unambiguous and deterministic automata, Kleene’s theorem • growth function of regular languages • non-deterministic automata and determinization • radix order, first word of each length and decimation of a regular language • the theory of the minimal automata • an introduction to algebraic automata theory, the syntactic monoid and the syntactic complexity • star-free languages and a theorem of Schu ̈tzenberger • rational formal series and weighted automata • context-free languages, pushdown automata and grammars • growth function of context-free languages, Parikh’s theorem • some decidable and undecidable problems in formal language theory • bibliographic notes • factor complexity, Morse–Hedlund theorem • arithmetic complexity, Van Der Waerden theorem, pattern complexity • recurrence, uniform recurrence, return words • Sturmian words, coding of rotations, Kronecker’s theorem • frequencies of letters, factors and primitive morphism • critical exponent • factor complexity of automatic sequences • factor complexity of purely morphic sequences • primitive words, conjugacy, Lyndon word • abelianisation and abelian complexity • bibliographic notes • automatic sequences, equivalent definitions • a theorem of Cobham, equivalence of automatic sequences with constant length morphic sequences • a few examples of well-known automatic sequences • about Derksen’s theorem • some morphic sequences are not automatic • abstract numeration system and S-automatic sequences • k − ∞-automatic sequences • bibliographic notes • numeration systems, greedy algorithm • positional numeration systems, recognizable sets of integers • divisibility criterion and recognizability of N • properties of k-recognizable sets of integers, ratio and difference of consec- utive elements: syndeticity • integer base and Cobham’s theorem on the base dependence of the recog- nizability • non-standard numeration systems based on sequence of integers • linear recurrent sequences, Loraud and Hollander results • Frougny’s normalization result and addition • morphic numeration systems/sets of integers whose characteristic sequence is morphic • towards a generalization of Cobham’s theorem • a few words on the representation of real numbers, β-integers, finiteness properties • automata associated with Parry numbers and numeration systems • bibliographic notes First order logic • Presburger arithmetic and decidable theory • Muchnik’s characterization of semi-linear sets • Bu ̈chi’s theorem: k-recognizable sets are k-definable • extension to Pisot numeration systems • extension to real numbers • decidability issues for numeration systems • applications in combinatorics on words

Conflict Negotiations And Natural Resource Management

Author: Maarten Bavinck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135048983
Size: 15.74 MB
Format: PDF
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Conflict Negotiations And Natural Resource Management from the Author: Maarten Bavinck. Conflicts over natural resources abound in India, where much of the population is dependent on these resources for their livelihoods. Issues of governance and management are complicated by the competing claims of parallel legal systems, including state, customary, religious, project and local laws. Whereas much has been written about property rights, this unique collection takes a legal anthropological perspective to explore how the coexistence and interaction between multiple legal orders provide bases for claiming property rights. It examines how hybrid legal institutions have developed over time in India and how these impact on justice in the governance and distribution of natural resources. The book brings together original case studies that offer fresh perspectives on the governance of forests, water, fisheries and agricultural land in a diverse range of social and spatial contexts. This brand new research provides a timely and persuasive overview of the fundamental role of parallel legal systems in shaping how people manage natural resources. It will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of environmental law, property law, environmental politics, anthropology, sociology and geography.