Budgeting And Budgetary Institutions

Author: Anwar Shah
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821369407
Size: 71.39 MB
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Budgeting And Budgetary Institutions from the Author: Anwar Shah. Budgeting and budgetary institutions play a critical role in resource allocation, government accountability, and improved fiscal and social outcomes. This volume distills lessons from practices in designing better fiscal institutions, citizen friendly budgets, and open and transparent processes of budget preparation and execution. It also highlights newer concepts of performance budgeting, accrual accounting, activity based costing, and the use of information and communication technology in budgeting. These tools of analysis are supplemented by a review of budgeting in post-conflict countries and two country case studies on the reform of budgeting systems.

Reconstructing Iraq S Budgetary Institutions

Author: James D. Savage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107471028
Size: 17.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Reconstructing Iraq S Budgetary Institutions from the Author: James D. Savage. Consistent with the literature on state building, failed states, peacekeeping and foreign assistance, this book argues that budgeting is a core state activity necessary for the operation of a functional government. Employing a historical institutionalist approach, this book first explores the Ottoman, British and Ba'athist origins of Iraq's budgetary institutions. The book next examines American pre-war planning, the Coalition Provisional Authority's rule-making and budgeting following the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the mixed success of the Coalition's capacity-building programs initiated throughout the occupation. This book sheds light on the problem of 'outsiders' building states, contributes to a more comprehensive evaluation of the Coalition in Iraq, addresses the question of why Iraqis took ownership of some Coalition-generated institutions, and helps explain the nature of institutional change.

The Challenge Of Reforming Budgetary Institutions In Developing Countries

Author: Richard Allen
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451989253
Size: 37.38 MB
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The Challenge Of Reforming Budgetary Institutions In Developing Countries from the Author: Richard Allen. The paper notes that the development of sound budgetary institutions in countries such as France, the U.K. and the U.S. has taken a very long time?200 years or more?and is still evolving. It discusses Douglass North''s prediction?which is supported by available data?that institutional reform is also likely to be very slow in developing countries since the budget is especially prone to rent-seeking influences. Finally, the paper discusses the currently fashionable emphasis on complex, multiannual PFM reform strategies, which have been strongly promoted by the donor community; and advocates a simpler approach grounded on Schick''s important principle of "getting the basics right." The paper identifies several areas where further research would be fruitful.

Reallocation The Role Of Budget Institutions

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264015760
Size: 54.16 MB
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Reallocation The Role Of Budget Institutions from the Author: OECD. This OECD report examines how reallocation is impacted by four institutions of the budget process: medium-term expenditure frameworks, rules of budgetary discipline, the role of the Minister of Finance, programme review.

Budget Institutions In Low Income Countries Lessons From G 20

Author: Mr. Sanjeev Gupta
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498310427
Size: 25.50 MB
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Budget Institutions In Low Income Countries Lessons From G 20 from the Author: Mr. Sanjeev Gupta. This paper presents twelve budget institutions that can support planning and delivery of credible fiscal strategies in the fiscal policy-making process. The resulting framework is applied to seven low-income countries and the status of their budget institutions compared to the G-20 advanced and emerging market economies. The paper then presents recommendations for designing and implementing appropriate fiscal strategy for low- income countries. Particular attention is paid to prioritization and sequencing of reform efforts.

Fiscal Institutions And Fiscal Performance

Author: James M. Poterba
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226676302
Size: 32.42 MB
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Fiscal Institutions And Fiscal Performance from the Author: James M. Poterba. The unprecedented rise and persistence of large-scale budget deficits in many developed and developing nations during the past three decades has caused great concern. The widespread presence of such deficits has proved difficult to explain. Their emergence in otherwise diverse nations defies particularistic explanations aimed at internal economic developments within a specific country. Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Performance shifts emphasis away from narrow economic factors to more broadly defined political and institutional factors that affect government policy and national debt. This collection brings together new theoretical models, empirical evidence, and a series of in-depth case studies to analyze the effect of political institutions, fiscal regulations, and policy decisions on accumulating deficits. It provides a fascinating overview of the political and economic issues involved and highlights the role of budgetary institutions in the formation of budget deficits.

Budget Institutions And Fiscal Performance In Low Income Countries

Author: Sophia Gollwitzer
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451983956
Size: 19.22 MB
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Budget Institutions And Fiscal Performance In Low Income Countries from the Author: Sophia Gollwitzer. This paper presents, for the first time, multi-dimensional indices of the quality of budget institutions in low-income countries. The indices allow for benchmarking against the performance of middle-income countries, across regions, and according to different institutional arrangements that deliver good fiscal performance. Using the constructed indices, the paper provides preliminary empirical support for the hypotheses that strong budget institutions help improve fiscal balances and public external debt outcomes; and countries with stronger fiscal institutions have better scope to conduct countercyclical policies.

Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline

Author: Stefania Fabrizio
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 64.27 MB
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Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline from the Author: Stefania Fabrizio. The budget is an expression of political rather than economic priorities. We confirm this proposition for a group of new and potential members of the European Union, finding that politics dominates. The contemporary practice of democracy can increase budget deficits through not only ideological preferences but also more fragmented government coalitions and higher voter participation. Long-term structural forces, triggered by societal divisions and representative electoral rules, have more ambiguous implications but also appear to increase budget pressures, as others have also found. However, our most robust, and hopeful, finding is that budget institutions-mechanisms and rules of the budget process-that create checks and balances have significant value even when the politics is representative but undisciplined, and when long-term structural forces are unfavorable.

Executive Politics In Times Of Crisis

Author: M. Lodge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137010266
Size: 39.58 MB
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Executive Politics In Times Of Crisis from the Author: M. Lodge. Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive politics over the past decade. It showcases key debates in executive politics and contributes to an understanding of the 'executive factor' in political life.