Buddhism Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar

Author: Matthew J. Walton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316861937
Size: 27.84 MB
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Buddhism Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar from the Author: Matthew J. Walton. This is the first book to provide a broad overview of the ways in which Buddhist ideas have influenced political thinking and politics in Myanmar. Matthew Walton draws extensively on Burmese language sources from the last 150 years to describe the 'moral universe' of contemporary Theravada Buddhism that has anchored most political thought in Myanmar. In explaining multiple Burmese understandings of notions such as 'democracy' and 'political participation', the book provides readers with a conceptual framework for understanding some of the key dynamics of Myanmar's ongoing political transition. Some of these ideas help to shed light on restrictive or exclusionary political impulses, such as anti-Muslim Buddhist nationalism or scepticism towards the ability of the masses to participate in politics. Walton provides an analytical framework for understanding Buddhist influences on politics that will be accessible to a wide range of readers and will generate future research and debate.

Buddhism And Political Theory

Author: Matthew J. Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019063152X
Size: 70.70 MB
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Buddhism And Political Theory from the Author: Matthew J. Moore. Despite the recent upsurge of interest in comparative political theory, there has been virtually no serious examination of Buddhism by political philosophers in the past five decades. In part, this is because Buddhism is not typically seen as a school of political thought. However, as Matthew Moore argues, Buddhism simultaneously parallels and challenges many core assumptions and arguments in contemporary Western political theory. In brief, Western thinkers not only have a great deal to learn about Buddhism, they have a great deal to learn from it. To both incite and facilitate the process of Western theorists engaging with this neglected tradition, this book provides a detailed, critical reading of the key primary Buddhist texts, from the earliest recorded teachings of the Buddha through the present day. It also discusses the relevant secondary literature on Buddhism and political theory (nearly all of it from disciplines other than political theory), as well as the literatures on particular issues addressed in the argument. Moore argues that Buddhist political thought rests on three core premises--that there is no self, that politics is of very limited importance in human life, and that normative beliefs and judgments represent practical advice about how to live a certain way, rather than being obligatory commands about how all persons must act. He compares Buddhist political theory to what he sees as Western analogues--Nietzsche's similar but crucially different theory of the self, Western theories of limited citizenship from Epicurus to John Howard Yoder, and to the Western tradition of immanence theories in ethics. This will be the first comprehensive treatment of Buddhism as political theory.

Mental Culture In Burmese Crisis Politics

Author: Gustaaf Houtman
Publisher: ILCAA
ISBN: 4872977483
Size: 34.61 MB
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Mental Culture In Burmese Crisis Politics from the Author: Gustaaf Houtman. An examination of the current political crisis in Burma, and in particular its Buddhist and socio-psychological aspects.

Modern Buddhist Conjunctures In Myanmar

Author: Juliane Schober
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 9780824833824
Size: 31.77 MB
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Modern Buddhist Conjunctures In Myanmar from the Author: Juliane Schober. For centuries, Burmese have looked to the authority of their religious tradition, Theravada Buddhism, to negotiate social and political hierarchies. Modern Buddhist conjunctures in Myanmar examines those moments in the modern history of this Southeast Asian country when religion, culture, and politics converge to chart new directions.

Politics In The Moral Universe

Author: Matthew J. Walton
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 51.88 MB
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Politics In The Moral Universe from the Author: Matthew J. Walton. This dissertation is a work of comparative political theory that draws attention to how religious beliefs can generate fundamentally different conceptions of what is political. I argue that Theravada Buddhism is the source of the conceptual framework within which most Buddhists in Myanmar think about politics. Specifically, being embedded in the Theravada moral conception of the universe, Burmese Buddhists understand the political as a sphere of moral action, governed by particular rules of cause and effect. Within this framework Burmese Buddhists vary as to their interpretation of particular concepts and the degree to which they see Buddhist teachings as relevant to politics; however, I demonstrate that this framework and Buddhist conceptions of politics continue to be salient for contemporary political practice in Myanmar. There are also variations between Theravada Buddhism as it is practiced in Myanmar and in other countries, as well as important differences in interpretation and emphasis among Burmese Buddhists themselves. I examine these variations while also comparing Burmese Buddhist political thought with other religious and cultural traditions. Buddhism in Myanmar has provided a repertoire of "raw materials" which people have used to make sense of their political environment. These include a particular conception of human nature, an understanding of the universe as governed by a law of cause and effect that works according to moral principles, a conception of human existence as fundamentally dissatisfactory, and the acceptance of a range of methods to overcome and escape its dissatisfactory character. I explore how Burmese Buddhists have used these ideas in deploying arguments regarding the nature of politics, the proper ends of politics, alternative conceptions and methods of political participation, and a range of understandings of "democracy." My findings not only illuminate a relatively unexamined tradition of political thought, they also help us to understand some of the challenges facing a democratic transition in contemporary Myanmar.

Burma S Mass Lay Meditation Movement

Author: Ingrid Jordt
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0896802558
Size: 80.55 MB
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Burma S Mass Lay Meditation Movement from the Author: Ingrid Jordt. Burma's Mass Lay Meditation Movement: Buddhism and the Cultural Construction of Power describes a transformation in Buddhist practice in contemporary Burma. This revitalization movement has had real consequences for how the oppressive military junta, in power since the early 1960s, governs the country. Drawing on more than ten years of extensive fieldwork in Burma, Ingrid Jordt explains how vipassana meditation has brought about a change of worldview for millions of individuals, enabling them to think and act independently of the totalitarian regime. Jordt explains how the movement has been successful in its challenge to the Burmese military dictatorship where democratically inspired resistance movements have failed. Burma’s Mass Lay Meditation Movement is a valuable contribution to Buddhist studies as well as anthropology, religious studies, and political science.

Islam And The State In Myanmar

Author: Melissa Crouch
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780199461202
Size: 21.99 MB
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Islam And The State In Myanmar from the Author: Melissa Crouch. This volume explores the relation between Islam and the state in Buddhist-majority Myanmar from both an empirical and a comparative perspective. It provides an informed response to contemporary issues facing the Muslim communities of Myanmar, furthering knowledge of the interaction between state institutions, government policies, and society past and the present. The book provides scholarly insights into the politics of belonging for Muslims in Myanmar while emphasizing the inherent diversity within and among Muslim communities. It brings together perspectives from experts of a diverse array of disciplines-religious studies, international relations, political science, history, Islamic studies, law, and anthropology. Focusing on the themes of colonialism and the state, the everyday experiences of Muslims, and the challenges of violence and security, this volume comes at a timely juncture in Myanmar's history. This book is essential reading for scholars and students studying Islam in the region.

Religion And Nationalism In Southeast Asia

Author: Joseph Liow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107167728
Size: 77.16 MB
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Religion And Nationalism In Southeast Asia from the Author: Joseph Liow. Examines the ways in which religion and nationalism have interacted to provide a powerful impetus for mobilization in Southeast Asia.

The Political Theory Of Tyranny In Singapore And Burma

Author: Stephen McCarthy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003323
Size: 34.32 MB
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The Political Theory Of Tyranny In Singapore And Burma from the Author: Stephen McCarthy. Covering various fields in political science, this new book presents an historical and political-cultural analysis of Buddhism and Confucianism. Using Singapore and Burma as case studies, the book questions the basic assumptions of democratization theory, examining the political science of tyranny and exploring the rhetorical manipulation of religion for the purpose of political legitimacy. A welcome addition to the political science and Asian studies literature, McCarthy addresses many of the current issues that underlie the field of democratization in comparative politics and discusses the issue of imposing Western cultural bias in studying non-Western regimes by analyzing rhetorical traits that are universally regular in politics.