Buddhism Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar

Author: Matthew J. Walton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316861937
Size: 22.53 MB
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Buddhism Politics And Political Thought In Myanmar from the Author: Matthew J. Walton. This is the first book to provide a broad overview of the ways in which Buddhist ideas have influenced political thinking and politics in Myanmar. Matthew Walton draws extensively on Burmese language sources from the last 150 years to describe the 'moral universe' of contemporary Theravada Buddhism that has anchored most political thought in Myanmar. In explaining multiple Burmese understandings of notions such as 'democracy' and 'political participation', the book provides readers with a conceptual framework for understanding some of the key dynamics of Myanmar's ongoing political transition. Some of these ideas help to shed light on restrictive or exclusionary political impulses, such as anti-Muslim Buddhist nationalism or scepticism towards the ability of the masses to participate in politics. Walton provides an analytical framework for understanding Buddhist influences on politics that will be accessible to a wide range of readers and will generate future research and debate.

Buddhism And The Political

Author: Matthew J. Walton
ISBN: 9781849048385
Size: 52.87 MB
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Buddhism And The Political from the Author: Matthew J. Walton. Popular participation is one of the hallmarks of modern politics. So why have democracy and democratic norms generally failed to take root in the Theravada Buddhist countries of South and Southeast Asia? This book explores traditions of Buddhist political thought in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. Matthew Walton considers each country's trajectory towards independence, the controversial issue of monastic political engagement, the influence of other political forces, and persistent attempts to restrict participation, even in contemporary democratic states. He also contextualises this landscape within the Theravada Buddhist arguments for and against greater political participation, probing the dualistic understanding of human nature that questions ability to self-govern while valuing moral improvement through free action. Secular rationales in favour of democracy are unlikely to be effective unless they consider the logic of the Theravada moral universe. To move forward, South Asian democracy supporters must not only heed Walton's assessment of the region's politico-religious nexus, but also engage with the fundamental ambivalence he identifies in Buddhist perspectives on the legitimacy of mass participation.

Politics In The Moral Universe

Author: Matthew J. Walton
Size: 30.39 MB
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Politics In The Moral Universe from the Author: Matthew J. Walton. This dissertation is a work of comparative political theory that draws attention to how religious beliefs can generate fundamentally different conceptions of what is political. I argue that Theravada Buddhism is the source of the conceptual framework within which most Buddhists in Myanmar think about politics. Specifically, being embedded in the Theravada moral conception of the universe, Burmese Buddhists understand the political as a sphere of moral action, governed by particular rules of cause and effect. Within this framework Burmese Buddhists vary as to their interpretation of particular concepts and the degree to which they see Buddhist teachings as relevant to politics; however, I demonstrate that this framework and Buddhist conceptions of politics continue to be salient for contemporary political practice in Myanmar. There are also variations between Theravada Buddhism as it is practiced in Myanmar and in other countries, as well as important differences in interpretation and emphasis among Burmese Buddhists themselves. I examine these variations while also comparing Burmese Buddhist political thought with other religious and cultural traditions. Buddhism in Myanmar has provided a repertoire of "raw materials" which people have used to make sense of their political environment. These include a particular conception of human nature, an understanding of the universe as governed by a law of cause and effect that works according to moral principles, a conception of human existence as fundamentally dissatisfactory, and the acceptance of a range of methods to overcome and escape its dissatisfactory character. I explore how Burmese Buddhists have used these ideas in deploying arguments regarding the nature of politics, the proper ends of politics, alternative conceptions and methods of political participation, and a range of understandings of "democracy." My findings not only illuminate a relatively unexamined tradition of political thought, they also help us to understand some of the challenges facing a democratic transition in contemporary Myanmar.

Tage In Burma

Author: George Orwell
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
ISBN: 3257602502
Size: 44.13 MB
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Tage In Burma from the Author: George Orwell. »Orwell kennen die meisten Leser nur als düsteren ›Big Brother‹-Visionär - die wenigsten wissen, daß der Autor einige Jahre als Kolonialbeamter in Burma tätig war. Vor diesem Erfahrungshintergrund entfaltet er die Geschichte eines britischen Diplomaten in einem burmesischen Außenposten. Lesenswert vor allem wegen der Schilderungen der Landeskultur - und George Orwells bitterböser Abrechnung mit der britischen Kolonial-Mentalität.«

Die Welt In Einem Einzigen Atom

Author: Dalai Lama Bstan-vdzin-rgya-mtsho XIV.
ISBN: 9783896202703
Size: 54.46 MB
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Die Welt In Einem Einzigen Atom from the Author: Dalai Lama Bstan-vdzin-rgya-mtsho XIV..

Buddhism And The Political Process

Author: Hiroko Kawanami
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137574003
Size: 51.62 MB
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Buddhism And The Political Process from the Author: Hiroko Kawanami. This study examines the impact of Buddhism on the political process of Asian countries in recent times. The intersection between Buddhism and politics; religious authority and political power is explored through the engagement of Buddhist monks and lay activists in the process of nation-building, development, and implementation of democracy.

The Political Theory Of Tyranny In Singapore And Burma

Author: Stephen McCarthy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003331
Size: 72.44 MB
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The Political Theory Of Tyranny In Singapore And Burma from the Author: Stephen McCarthy. Covering various fields in political science, this new book presents an historical and political-cultural analysis of Buddhism and Confucianism. Using Singapore and Burma as case studies, the book questions the basic assumptions of democratization theory, examining the political science of tyranny and exploring the rhetorical manipulation of religion for the purpose of political legitimacy. A welcome addition to the political science and Asian studies literature, McCarthy addresses many of the current issues that underlie the field of democratization in comparative politics and discusses the issue of imposing Western cultural bias in studying non-Western regimes by analyzing rhetorical traits that are universally regular in politics.

Das Herz Von Buddhas Lehre

Author: Thích-Nhất-Hạnh
ISBN: 9783451054129
Size: 22.67 MB
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Das Herz Von Buddhas Lehre from the Author: Thích-Nhất-Hạnh.

Gotthold Ephraim Lessings Religionsphilosophie Im Kontext

Author: Christoph Bultmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110253879
Size: 42.60 MB
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Gotthold Ephraim Lessings Religionsphilosophie Im Kontext from the Author: Christoph Bultmann. The conflict about the fragments of "Apologia or Defense for the Rational Reverers of God" by the Hamburg scholar Hermann Samuel Reimarus and the Counter-propositions by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing caused an uproar in the Lutheran theological world of the 18th century. Would this form of Christianity, rooted in the tradition of the Lutheran Reformation, be superseded by the Enlightenment if literary, historical and religious-philosophical criticism of the Bible were now allowed? Lessing presents his solution of the problem in Axioms, which this book places in the context of his overall thought.