Biorefineries And Chemical Processes

Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118698169
Size: 30.97 MB
Format: PDF
View: 7059
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Biorefineries And Chemical Processes from the Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan. As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.

Biorefineries And Chemical Processes

Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118698134
Size: 51.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7737
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Biorefineries And Chemical Processes from the Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan. As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.

Biorefineries And Chemical Processes

Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119990864
Size: 28.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 567
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Biorefineries And Chemical Processes from the Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan. This book is for educators, postgraduate and final year undergraduate students in chemical engineering, environmental and biochemical engineering and applied science subjects, as well as researchers and practitioners in industry. The main feature of this book is the presentation of process modeling and integration and whole system sustainability analysis tools for the design, synthesis and operation of biorefinery and chemical processes. The book features cradle to grave impact analysis, alongside appropriately adapted process integration tools, governed by the principles of thermodynamics and mass, momentum and energy transfer, to enable emergent biorefinery and chemical process designs within a sustainability framework. Opening with an introduction on the concept and development of biorefinery, the book is then split into four parts: Tools ? Detailed analysis of economic, environmental and whole system impact, as well as combined economic value and environmental impact (EVEI) analysis. Life-cycle assessment and heat-integration and utility system design. Mathematical programming based optimisation and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design ? Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets: reactors; electrochemical, membrane and combined reaction and separation processes with multi-functionalities. Production of chemicals and polymers from biomass. Thermochemical processing of biomass and biochemical processing of biomass. Processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems ? Biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Interacting systems of biorefineries ? Looks at minimalizing waste and emissions, storing energy, and the optimization and reuse of water. Additional exercises and examples referred to within each chapter of the book can be found on a companion website, as well as additional content with LCA based problem solving approaches on biomass CHP plant design problems, waste water sludge based CHP, epoxy resin production from biomass, and LCA approach for solar organic photovoltaic cells manufacturing. Emphasis is placed on the climate change and environmental impact for the selection of raw materials, products, unit operations and systems. The complexity in addressing process to systems design problems is reduced by step-by-step decision making, from fundamental conceptual unit operation, process and heat recovery network design and synthesis, through unit integration and operability studies, to life cycle assessment of systems. The book contains exercises (complete with worked solutions) on industrially relevant processes and systems. It provides teaching materials with spreadsheet based calculations, conceptual analysis and process simulation based evaluations. Chapters also contain design projects including multi-disciplinary ones, with conceptual process synthesis and process simulation examples using Aspen Plus, GAMS, MATLAB and LCA software GaBi (market-leading tools for conceptual design, optimization, and performance monitoring for the chemical industry). This textbook provides a practical guide to biorefinery process integration and sustainability analysis for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers. It is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment.

Platform Chemical Biorefinery

Author: Satinder Kaur Brar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128030046
Size: 67.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Platform Chemical Biorefinery from the Author: Satinder Kaur Brar. Platform Chemical Biorefinery: Future Green Chemistry provides information on three different aspects of platform chemical biorefinery. The book first presents a basic introduction to the industry beneficial for university students, then provides engineering details of existing or potential platform chemical biorefinery processes helpful to technical staff of biorefineries. Finally, the book presents a critical review of the entire platform chemical biorefinery process, including extensive global biorefinery practices and their potential environmental and market-related consequences. Platform chemicals are building blocks of different valuable chemicals. The book evaluates the possibility of renewable feedstock-based platform chemical production and the fundamental challenges associated with this objective. Thus, the book is a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers. The book guides the research community working in the field of platform chemical biorefinery to develop new pathways and technologies in combination with their market value and desirability. Offers comprehensive coverage of platform chemicals biorefineries, recent advances and technology developments, potential issues for preventing commercialization, and solutions Discusses existing technologies for platform chemicals production, highlighting benefits as well their possible adverse effects on the environment and food security Includes a global market analysis of platform chemicals and outlines industry opportunities Serves as a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers

Integrated Biorefineries

Author: Paul R. Stuart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803471
Size: 72.63 MB
Format: PDF
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Integrated Biorefineries from the Author: Paul R. Stuart. Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex process, capturing the state of the art in the advancing bioeconomy. The book defines an integrated biorefinery as a processing facility that transforms biomass into value-added products—from biofuels and biochemicals to food and pharmaceuticals. The chapters cover biorefinery product and process design, supply chains, process analysis, feedstocks, technologies, and policy and environmental analysis. They focus on second-generation feedstocks, including forestry resources, energy crops, agricultural residues, oils, and various waste materials. With the growing interest in sustainability in general and in renewable resources in industrial facilities, biorefineries are likely to play increasingly significant roles and have greater economic, environmental, and societal impact. This book fills an information gap by presenting cutting-edge advances that can effectively guide engineers and decision makers in the synthesis, selection, design, analysis, and optimization of biorefineries.

Advances In Biorefineries

Author: Keith W. Waldron
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097385
Size: 42.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Advances In Biorefineries from the Author: Keith W. Waldron. Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Biorefineries

Author: Nasib Qureshi
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 044459504X
Size: 14.22 MB
Format: PDF
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Biorefineries from the Author: Nasib Qureshi. Biorefineries outlines the processes and steps to successfully scale up production of two types of biofuels, butanol and ethanol, from cellulosic residues for commercial purposes. It covers practical topics, including biomass availability, pretreatment, fermentation, and water recycling, as well as policy and economic factors. This reflects the unique expertise of the editor team, whose backgrounds range from wood and herbaceous feedstocks to process economics and industrial expertise. The strategies presented in this book help readers to design integrated and efficient processes to reduce the cost of production and achieve an economically viable end product Outlines the economic benefits of designing a single operational process. Includes all currently available processes on pretreatment, fermentation and recovery Covers all pretreatment, fermentation, and product recovery options Focuses on biofuels but acts as a stepping stone to develop cost-efficient processes for an array of commodity chemicals

Separation And Purification Technologies In Biorefineries

Author: Shri Ramaswamy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111849346X
Size: 42.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Separation And Purification Technologies In Biorefineries from the Author: Shri Ramaswamy. Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency. Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes. These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive. Consequently, a better understanding of separation and purification processes, current and possible alternative and novel advanced methods is essential for achieving the overall techno-economic feasibility and commercial success of sustainable biorefineries. This book presents a comprehensive overview focused specifically on the present state, future challenges and opportunities for separation and purification methods and technologies in biorefineries. Topics covered include: Equilibrium Separations: Distillation, liquid-liquid extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Affinity-Based Separations: Adsorption, ion exchange, and simulated moving bed technologies. Membrane Based Separations: Microfiltration, ultrafiltration and diafiltration, nanofiltration, membrane pervaporation, and membrane distillation. Solid-liquid Separations: Conventional filtration and solid-liquid extraction. Hybrid/Integrated Reaction-Separation Systems: Membrane bioreactors, extractive fermentation, reactive distillation and reactive absorption. For each of these processes, the fundamental principles and design aspects are presented, followed by a detailed discussion and specific examples of applications in biorefineries. Each chapter also considers the market needs, industrial challenges, future opportunities, and economic importance of the separation and purification methods. The book concludes with a series of detailed case studies including cellulosic bioethanol production, extraction of algae oil from microalgae, and production of biopolymers. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries is an essential resource for scientists and engineers, as well as researchers and academics working in the broader conventional and emerging bio-based products industry, including biomaterials, biochemicals, biofuels and bioenergy.

Ionic Liquids In The Biorefinery Concept

Author: Rafal Bogel-Lukasik
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782622594
Size: 40.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ionic Liquids In The Biorefinery Concept from the Author: Rafal Bogel-Lukasik. The implementation of ionic liquids technologies in future biorefineries is challenging. Different approaches can be applied along the entire chain of biomass valorisation to achieve a specific target molecule, from biomass pre-treatment and fractionation processes to extraction, downstream separation and purification methodologies of high value added products and pivot chemicals. This book summarises recent achievements in the use of ionic liquids in biomass processing as an alternative to conventional processes, particularly in the context of green chemistry. It features real-world case studies where high value-added products have been obtained using ionic liquid processing, demonstrating the practical applications of these technologies. The book concludes by assessing the development of further biorefineries with ionic liquids. The book is an important reference for researchers and practising chemists, bringing readers up-to-date with current research in this field.