Biomaterials

Author: J. Park
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468434233
Size: 39.15 MB
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Biomaterials from the Author: J. Park. This book is written for students who want a working knowledge in the field of implant materials. Obviously, the interdisciplinary nature of this subject has been a major obstacle in writing a book of this nature. In writing this book, I have attempted to cover both biological and nonbiological (man-made) materials for obvious reasons. Hence, this book can be divided into three parts-man-made materials, biological materials, and implant materials. The fundamental structure-property relationship is dealt with in the beginning, followed by the biological materials. Implant materials or biomaterials as such are not greatly different from other man-made materials. Therefore, their acceptability in the body is emphasized. In addition, the reasons for a particular implant design and its material selection have been given special attention. An effort is made to convert all the units into SI units although one or 10 two exceptions are made such as A (= 10- m). Also some abbreviations such as vlo (volume %) and wlo (weight %) are used for brevity. To cover the wide range of subjects dealt with in this book, I have used countless original and review articles as well as my own research proposals. A conscientious effort has been made to give credit to the original sources. Credit is given in the captions ofthe illustrations. For the occasional oversight of some tables and figures which could not be traced, the author offers his apologies.

Biomaterials

Author: Joyce Y. Wong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439872511
Size: 49.98 MB
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Biomaterials from the Author: Joyce Y. Wong. Most current applications of biomaterials involve structural functions, even in those organs and systems that are not primarily structural in their nature, or very simple chemical or electrical functions. Complex chemical functions, such as those of the liver, and complex electrical or electrochemical functions, such as those of the brain and sense organs, cannot be carried out by biomaterials at this time. With these basic concepts in mind, Biomaterials: Principles and Practices focuses on biomaterials consisting of different materials such as metallic, ceramic, polymeric, and composite. It highlights the impact of recent advances in the area of nano- and microtechnology on biomaterial design. Discusses the biocompatibility of metallic implants and corrosion in an in vivo environment Provides a general overview of the relatively bioinert, bioactive or surface-reactive ceramics, and biodegradable or resorbable bioceramics Reviews the basic chemical and physical properties of synthetic polymers, the sterilization of the polymeric biomaterials, the importance of the surface treatment for improving biocompatibility, and the application of the chemogradient surface for the study on cell-to-polymer interactions Covers the fundamentals of composite materials and their applications in biomaterials Highlights commercially significant and successful biomedical biodegradable polymers Examines failure modes of different types of implants based on material, location, and function in the body The book discusses the role of biomaterials as governed by the interaction between the material and the body, specifically, the effect of the body environment on the material and the effect of the material on the body.

Biomaterials

Author: Jozef A. Helsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642125324
Size: 42.12 MB
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Biomaterials from the Author: Jozef A. Helsen. Replacement of a failing hip joint or other defective organs in the human body by artificial ‘spare parts’ has significantly improved our quality of life. These spare parts have to meet a wide spectrum of mechanical, chemical and design requirements. In this book, the properties and selection of materials for such `spare parts’ are deduced from case studies at the start of each chapter. Hard tissue replacements (joints, long bones, dental), soft tissue (heart valves) and tissue engineering are included. The chapters also detail the three generic classes of materials: alloys (including shape memory alloys), ceramics & glasses and polymers. Separate chapters are devoted to the toxicity of implants, the metals zirconium(-zirconium oxide), tantalum, niobium and metallic glasses, soluble metals and Rapid Prototyping techniques for the fabrication of custom made prostheses. The book concludes by a chapter on water as water is always ‘there’ and conditions the interaction between body and implant. Water is the very matrix of life on earth. A peculiarity of the book is its ‘perspective view’, meaning that the authors looked behind the present biomaterials’ décor and included historical backgrounds (real and mythological), future developments, and the relation to nature (plants and geology).

The Williams Dictionary Of Biomaterials

Author: David Franklyn Williams
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 0853237344
Size: 52.32 MB
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The Williams Dictionary Of Biomaterials from the Author: David Franklyn Williams. There has been a rapid expansion of activity in the area of biomaterials and related medical devices, both in scientific terms and in clinical and commercial applications. The definition of terms has failed to keep pace with the rapidity of these developments and there is considerable confusion over the terminology used in this highly multi- and inter-disciplinary area. This confusion has arisen partly from the use of inappropriate terms which already have well-defined meanings in their parent disciplines, but which are used inexpertly by those working in other disciplines, and partly from the haphazard generation of new terms for the purpose of defining new phenomena or devices. For example, many terms used in pathology with distinct, if not readily understood, meanings are used by materials scientists to describe biocompatibility phenomena with slightly changed or even wholly misrepresented meanings; similarly, terms from materials science and engineering are seriously misused by biologists and clinicians working in this field. The leading proponent of harmonization and clarity in medical device terminology, Professor D. F. Williams has been influential in setting the standard for the accurate definition of some of the terms used. In particular, the definition of biocompatibility, ‘the Williams definition’, agreed at a 1987 conference has been adopted worldwide. Now, in association with O’Donnell and Associates of Brussels, he has prepared The Williams Dictionary to provide a definitive exposition of the meaning of the terminology used in the area of biomaterials and medical devices. It includes definitions and explanations of more than 2,000 terms from many areas, including biomaterials and medical devices, materials science, biological sciences, and clinical medicine and surgery.

Comprehensive Biomaterials Ii

Author: Paul Ducheyne
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081006926
Size: 23.68 MB
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Comprehensive Biomaterials Ii from the Author: Paul Ducheyne. Comprehensive Biomaterials II, Second Edition brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one expertly-written series of edited volumes. Articles address the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, research and development, regulatory management, commercial aspects, and applications, including medical applications. Detailed coverage is given to both new and emerging areas and the latest research in more traditional areas of the field. Particular attention is given to those areas in which major recent developments have taken place. This new edition, with 75% new or updated articles, will provide biomedical scientists in industry, government, academia, and research organizations with an accurate perspective on the field in a manner that is both accessible and thorough. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance, and future prospects Covers all significant emerging technologies in areas such as 3D printing of tissues, organs and scaffolds, cell encapsulation; multimodal delivery, cancer/vaccine - biomaterial applications, neural interface understanding, materials used for in situ imaging, and infection prevention and treatment Effectively describes the many modern aspects of biomaterials from basic science, to clinical applications

Biomaterials Research Advances

Author: Jason B. Kendall
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600218927
Size: 23.67 MB
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Biomaterials Research Advances from the Author: Jason B. Kendall. Biomaterials serve as synthetic or natural materials used to replace parts of living systems or to function contact with living tissue. Biomaterials are intended to interface with biological systems to evaluate, treat, augment or replace any tissue, organ or function of the body. A biomaterial is different from a biological material such as bone that is produced by a biological system. Artificial hips, vascular-stents, artificial pacemakers, and catheters are all made from different biomaterials and comprise different medical devices. This book presents new approaches to biomaterial development including multi-field bone remodelling, novel strategies for conferring antibacterial properties to bone cement, polyacrylonitrile-based biomaterials for enzyme immobilisation and functionalised magnetic nanoparticles for tissue engineering from around the globe.

Calcium Phosphate Ceramics Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials

Author: Dragan P. Uskoković
Publisher: Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
ISBN: 8680321125
Size: 29.77 MB
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Calcium Phosphate Ceramics Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials from the Author: Dragan P. Uskoković. In the past several years, the accent of a number of scientific researches in the countries of the European Union, USA and Japan was focused on the field of biomaterials. Having the direct influence on the quality and longevity of human life, these researches receive significant funding. The bone tissue is an especially interesting subject of scientific research, as much for the frequent osteoporosis as for the formative nature of organism. Natural bone is mostly composed of nanostructural calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Whether bone trauma was caused artificially or through illness, the number of reconstructions increases every year worldwide and thus the monetary investment into this field. Until now, numerous kinds of biomaterials were used for this purpose. Development of equipment and progress in characterization techniques and devices enabled an exponential development of new and advanced biomaterials’ synthesis. Many qualitative and quantitative content concepts and the organization of biomaterials on all structural levels were taken from nature. Biomaterials for the reconstruction of bone tissue, very similar to human tissue, in the form of composite blocks, injectable cements, nano-fillers, etc., were produced this way. Synthesis of calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite, as well as the composite for the reconstruction of bone tissue, has been a significant research field of a section of Advanced Materials and Processes Department of the Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA) from Belgrade for a number of years. Apart from a number of published scientific papers in leading international journals, lectures presented at the leading universities worldwide, several PhD dissertations defended at various faculties in the land, and several domestic patents, researchers have established the basis of the technological procedure and the production of small series of various products developed in their laboratory. These researches have very wide aspect of significance – from fundamental, scientific to specifically applicative. It can be said that these researches include everything from synthesis, processing, characterization to their application. This book contains 44 papers published in SCI journals since 1999 until May 2007. It is divided into five sections and each assembles the most important results in the specific area: I Synthesis and Processing, II Synthesis, Properties and Characterization of Biomaterials, III Mechanical Properties and Modelling of Biomaterials, IV Biological Evaluation of Biomaterials, V Behaviour of Biomaterials under Radiation Field.

An Introduction To Biomaterials Second Edition

Author: Jeffrey O. Hollinger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143981256X
Size: 76.59 MB
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An Introduction To Biomaterials Second Edition from the Author: Jeffrey O. Hollinger. A practical road map to the key families of biomaterials and their potential applications in clinical therapeutics, Introduction to Biomaterials, Second Edition follows the entire path of development from theory to lab to practical application. It highlights new biocompatibility issues, metrics, and statistics as well as new legislation for intellectual property. Divided into four sections (Biology, Biomechanics, Biomaterials Interactions; Biomaterials Testing, Statistics, Regulatory Considerations, Intellectual Property; Biomaterials Compositions; and Biomaterials Applications), this dramatically revised edition includes both new and revised chapters on cells, tissues, and signaling molecules in wound healing cascades, as well as two revised chapters on standardized materials testing with in vitro and in vivo paradigms consistent with regulatory guidelines. Emphasizing biocompatibility at the biomaterial-host interface, it investigates cell-cell interactions, cell-signaling and the inflammatory and complement cascades, specific interactions of protein-adsorbed materials, and other inherent biological constraints including solid-liquid interfaces, diffusion, and protein types. Unique in its inclusion of the practicalities of biomaterials as an industry, the book also covers the basic principles of statistics, new U.S. FDA information on the biomaterials-biology issues relevant to patent applications, and considerations of intellectual property and patent disclosure. With nine completely new chapters and 24 chapters extensively updated and revised with new accomplishments and contemporary data, this comprehensive introduction discusses 13 important classes of biomaterials, their fundamental and applied research, practical applications, performance properties, synthesis and testing, potential future applications, and commonly matched clinical applications. The authors include extensive references, to create a comprehensive, yet manageable didactic work that is an invaluable desk references and instructional text for undergraduates and working professionals alike.

Biomaterials

Author: Joon B. Park
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420040030
Size: 14.34 MB
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Biomaterials from the Author: Joon B. Park. Biomaterials: Principles and Applications offers a comprehensive review of all the major biomaterials in this rapidly growing field. In recent years, the role of biomaterials has been influenced considerably by advances in many areas of biotechnology and science, as well as advances in surgical techniques and instruments. Comprising chapters contributed by a panel of international experts, this text provides a familiarity with the uses of materials in medicine and dentistry and the rational basis for these applications. It covers such subjects as biodegradable polymeric materials and their relation to tissue engineering, biologic materials, and biomaterials applications in soft and hard tissues. Nearly one hundred figures and tables further add to the value of this book. Concise, topical, and not overly technical — no other book covers the entire field of biomaterials so succinctly in one volume.

Biomaterials In Orthopedics

Author: Michael J. Yaszemski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824756864
Size: 57.81 MB
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Biomaterials In Orthopedics from the Author: Michael J. Yaszemski. Written by respected experts in the field, Biomaterials in Orthopedics discusses bioabsorbable biomaterials for bone repair, nondegradable materials in orthopaedics and delivery systems. Topics in this text include biocompatibility and the biomaterial/tissue interface; self-reinforced bioabsorbable devices and guided regeneration; bone substitutes, including porous ceramics; and non-corrosive coatings for implants.