A History Of The Great Influenza Pandemics

Author: Mark Honigsbaum
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857723030
Size: 69.40 MB
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A History Of The Great Influenza Pandemics from the Author: Mark Honigsbaum. Influenza was the great killer of the nineteenth and twentieth century. The so called ‘Russian flu’ killed about 1 million people across Europe in 1889 – including the second-in-line to the British throne, the Duke of Clarence. The Spanish flu of 1918, meanwhile, would kill 50 million people – nearly 3% of the world’s population. Here, Mark Honigsbaum outlines the history of influenza in the period, and describes how the fear of disease permeated Victorian culture. These fears were amplified by the invention of the telegraph and the ability of the new mass-market press to whip up public hysteria. The flu was therefore a barometer of wider fin de siècle social and cultural anxieties - playing on fears engendered by economic decline, technology, urbanisation and degeneration. A History of the Great Influenza Pandemics is a vital new contribution towards our understanding of European history and the history of the media.

The Diffusion Of Influenza

Author: Gerald F. Pyle
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847674299
Size: 43.41 MB
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The Diffusion Of Influenza from the Author: Gerald F. Pyle. This pioneering study of the geography of influenza during the twentieth century explores how geographical factors contribute to the periodic diffusion of influenza epidemics in the United States, adding a spatial dimension to national efforts to control the disease. Pyle brings together findings from history, virology, epidemiology, and demographics to develop a geographic model of influenza transmission.

Contagionism Catches On

Author: Margaret DeLacy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319509594
Size: 43.34 MB
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Contagionism Catches On from the Author: Margaret DeLacy. This book shows how contagionism evolved in eighteenth century Britain and describes the consequences of this evolution. By the late eighteenth century, the British medical profession was divided between traditionalists, who attributed acute diseases to the interaction of internal imbalances with external factors such as weather, and reformers, who blamed contagious pathogens. The reformers, who were often “outsiders,” English Nonconformists or men born outside England, emerged from three coincidental transformations: transformation in medical ideas, in the nature and content of medical education, and in the sort of men who became physicians. Adopting contagionism led them to see acute diseases as separate entities, spurring a process that reoriented medical research, changed communities, established new medical institutions, and continues to the present day.

The Transmission Of Epidemic Influenza

Author: R.E. Hope-Simpson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489923853
Size: 68.41 MB
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The Transmission Of Epidemic Influenza from the Author: R.E. Hope-Simpson. THE PLAGUE YEARS Mankind has always been fascinated by "origins," and biologists are no exception. Darwin is our most famous example. What is the origin of mankind, of species, of infectious diseases? In the last few years we have seen the emergence and spread of some apparently "new" viruses, such as HIV -1 and the virus causing bovine spongiform encephalomyelopathy. But are these, in fact, entirely new agents, or mutated forms of "old" viruses that have evolved along with us for eons? Edgar Hope-Simpson could not have written this book at a more opportune moment. He is a firm believer in gradual evolution, rather than the sudden arrival of new agents. I suspect that he would also have a naturalist's Darwinian approach for the origin of AIDS. It has been a source of some amazement to me over the years how even the most innovative scientists conform to a current hypothesis. Pioneer thinking comes more easily to persons outside the scientific mainstream. Edgar Hope Simpson has always struck me as a modem-day naturalist of the classic style, observant and perhaps a little maverick in line of thought. Certainly, the central hypothesis propounded in this book will be controversial to many scientists. From his unique citadel, the Epidemiological Research Unit in Cirencester, he has carefully reexamined mortality data from old records as well as new.

Vaccines For Pandemic Influenza

Author: Richard W Compans
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540921653
Size: 16.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Vaccines For Pandemic Influenza from the Author: Richard W Compans. Recent years have seen unprecedented outbreaks of avian influenza A viruses. In particular, highly pathogenic H5N1 viruses have not only resulted in widespread outbreaks in domestic poultry, but have been transmitted to humans, resulting in numerous fatalities. The rapid expansion in their geographic distribution and the possibility that these viruses could acquire the ability to spread from person to person raises the risk that such a virus could cause a global pandemic with high morbidity and mortality. An effective influenza vaccine represents the best approach to prevent and control such an emerging pandemic. However, current influenza vaccines are directed at existing seasonal influenza viruses, which have little or no antigenic relationship to the highly pathogenic H5N1 strains. Concerns about pandemic preparedness have greatly stimulated research activities to develop eff- tive vaccines for pandemic influenza viruses, and to overcome the limitations inh- ent in current approaches to vaccine production and distribution. These limitations include the use of embryonated chicken eggs as the substrate for vaccine prod- tion, which is time-consuming and could involve potential biohazards in growth of new virus strains. Other limitations include the requirement that the current inac- vated influenza vaccines be administered using needles and syringes, requiring trained personnel, which could be a bottleneck when attempting to vaccinate large populations in mass campaigns. In addition, the current inactivated vaccines that are delivered by injection elicit limited protective immunity in the upper respiratory tract where the infection process is initiated.

Nutrition And Health In Developing Countries

Author: Richard David Semba
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781597454643
Size: 62.69 MB
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Nutrition And Health In Developing Countries from the Author: Richard David Semba. This updated and expanded book was written with the underlying conviction that global health and nutrition problems can only be solved through a firm understanding of the different levels of causality and the interactions between the various determinants. This volume provides policy makers, nutritionists, students, scientists, and professionals with the most recent and up-to-date knowledge regarding major health and nutritional problems in developing countries.

Victor Vaughan

Author: Richard Adler
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786495995
Size: 12.83 MB
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Victor Vaughan from the Author: Richard Adler. Victor Vaughan's career at the University of Michigan spanned more than four decades, beginning with his graduate studies in physiological chemistry during the 1870s and ending in 1921 with his retirement after three decades as dean of the medical school. Not only was he instrumental in modernizing medical training at Michigan, his work in areas of hygiene, epidemiology and the study of toxins and infectious disease was highly regarded on the national scene. Twice he was called upon to serve his country in times of crisis. During the Spanish-American War he was a key member of the Typhoid Commission which investigated the outbreak of the life-threatening fever among army recruits in southern camps. During World War I, he was a member of the medical board within the Council of National Defense which contended with an unprecedented influenza outbreak. Vaughan's professional work included more than 250 published papers and some 17 books, many that outlined laboratory techniques which modernized the newly evolving field of bacteriology.

Viruses Evolution And Cancer Basic Considerations

Author: Edouard Kurstak
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 032314229X
Size: 70.31 MB
Format: PDF
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Viruses Evolution And Cancer Basic Considerations from the Author: Edouard Kurstak. Viruses, Evolution and Cancer: Basic Considerations focuses on comparative biology and evolutionary aspects of DNA and RNA oncogenic viruses. Organized into seven parts, this book begins with a discussion on the host-cell-virus relationships. Some chapters follow that discuss the comparative aspects of DNA and RNA oncogenic viruses. This work also elucidates the effects of oncogenic viruses on cell surface metabolism. Other chapters explore the comparative viral oncology, comparative immunology of oncogenic viruses, and evolution of viruses. This book will be an invaluable material both to those concerned in the scientific and medical problems of cancer and will benefit all who are interested in virology and oncology.