Ancient Ethnography

Author: Eran Almagor
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472537599
Size: 80.34 MB
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Ancient Ethnography from the Author: Eran Almagor. Ethnographic writing has become all but ubiquitous in recent years. Although now considered a thoroughly modern and increasingly indispensable field of study, Ethnography's roots go all the way back to antiquity. This volume brings together eleven original essays exploring the wider intellectual and cultural milieux from which ancient ethnography arose, its transformation and development in antiquity, and the way in which 19th century receptions of ethnographic traditions helped shape the modern study of the ancient world. Finally, it addresses the extent to which all these themes remain inextricably intertwined with shifting and often highly contested notions of culture, power and identity. Its chapters deal with the origins of the term 'barbarian', the role of ethnography in Tacitus' Germania, Plutarch's Lives, Xenophon's Anabasis, and Athenaeus' Deipnosophistae, Herodotean storytelling, Henry and George Rawlinson, and Megasthenes' treatise on India. At a time when modern ethnographies are becoming increasingly prevalent, wide-ranging, and experimental in their approach to describing cultural difference, this book encourages us to think about ancient ethnography in new and interesting ways, highlighting the wealth of material available for study and the complexities underpinning ancient and modern notions of what it meant to be Greek, Roman or 'barbarian'.

Kuna Art And Shamanism

Author: Paolo Fortis
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 029274353X
Size: 71.67 MB
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Kuna Art And Shamanism from the Author: Paolo Fortis. Known for their beautiful textile art, the Kuna of Panama have been scrutinized by anthropologists for decades. Perhaps surprisingly, this scrutiny has overlooked the magnificent Kuna craft of nuchukana—wooden anthropomorphic carvings—which play vital roles in curing and other Kuna rituals. Drawing on long-term fieldwork, Paolo Fortis at last brings to light this crucial cultural facet, illuminating not only Kuna aesthetics and art production but also their relation to wider social and cosmological concerns. Exploring an art form that informs birth and death, personhood, the dream world, the natural world, religion, gender roles, and ecology, Kuna Art and Shamanism provides a rich understanding of this society's visual system, and the ways in which these groundbreaking ethnographic findings can enhance Amerindian scholarship overall. Fortis also explores the fact that to ask what it means for the Kuna people to carve the figure of a person is to pose a riddle about the culture's complete concept of knowing. Also incorporating notions of landscape (islands, gardens, and ancient trees) as well as cycles of life, including the influence of illness, Fortis places the statues at the center of a network of social relationships that entangle people with nonhuman entities. As an activity carried out by skilled elderly men, who possess embodied knowledge of lifelong transformations, the carving process is one that mediates mortal worlds with those of immortal primordial spirits. Kuna Art and Shamanism immerses readers in this sense of unity and opposition between soul and body, internal forms and external appearances, and image and design.

Anthropology And The Greeks

Author: S. C. Humphreys
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415330640
Size: 35.38 MB
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Anthropology And The Greeks from the Author: S. C. Humphreys. The first section of the book deals with the history of the relationship of classical studies and anthropology. In the second section the more material aspects of ancient Greek life are considered and the author relates the economic history of the period to new approaches in archaeology and economic anthropology. The place of kinship in the social structure of the Greek city-state; the social factors involved in the genesis of Greek philosophy; and the structural and institutional components of 'freedom' in classical Athens are all examined. First published in 1978.

Shamanism And The Ancient Mind

Author: James L. Pearson
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759116741
Size: 42.17 MB
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Shamanism And The Ancient Mind from the Author: James L. Pearson. Pearson brings a cogent, well-argued case for the understanding of much prehistoric art as shamanistic practice. Using the theoretical premises of cognitive archaeology and a careful examination of rock art worldwide, Pearson is able to dismiss other theories of why ancient peoples produced art_totemism, art-for-art's sake, structuralism, hunting magic. Then examining both ethnographic and neuropsychological evidence, he makes a strong case for the use of shamanistic ritual and hallucinogenic substances as the genesis of much prehistoric art. Bolstered with examples from contemporary cultures and archaeological sites around the world, Pearson's thesis should be of interest not only to archaeologists, but art historians, psychologists, cultural anthropologist, and the general public.

The Invention Of Greek Ethnography

Author: Joseph E. Skinner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199793603
Size: 47.57 MB
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The Invention Of Greek Ethnography from the Author: Joseph E. Skinner. The Invention of Greek Ethnography offers a fresh approach to the origins and development of ethnographic thought, Greek identity, and narrative history.

Orientalism

Author: Edward W. Said
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0804153868
Size: 67.66 MB
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Orientalism from the Author: Edward W. Said. More than three decades after its first publication, Edward Said's groundbreaking critique of the West's historical, cultural, and political perceptions of the East has become a modern classic. In this wide-ranging, intellectually vigorous study, Said traces the origins of "orientalism" to the centuries-long period during which Europe dominated the Middle and Near East and, from its position of power, defined "the orient" simply as "other than" the occident. This entrenched view continues to dominate western ideas and, because it does not allow the East to represent itself, prevents true understanding. Essential, and still eye-opening, Orientalism remains one of the most important books written about our divided world. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Rediscovering Eve

Author: Carol Meyers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199910782
Size: 28.72 MB
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Rediscovering Eve from the Author: Carol Meyers. This groundbreaking study looks beyond biblical texts, which have had a powerful influence over our views of women's roles and worth, in order to reconstruct the typical everyday lives of women in ancient Israel. Carol Meyers argues that biblical sources alone do not give a true picture of ancient Israelite women because urban elite males wrote the vast majority of the scriptural texts. Also, the stories of women in the Bible concern exceptional individuals rather than ordinary Israelite women. Drawing on archaeological discoveries and ethnographic information as well as biblical texts, Meyers depicts Israelite women not as submissive chattel in an oppressive patriarchy, but rather as strong and significant actors within their families and in their communities. In so doing, she challenges the very notion of patriarchy as an appropriate designation for Israelite society.

Methods Of Literacy Research

Author: Michael L. Kamil
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135649626
Size: 15.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Methods Of Literacy Research from the Author: Michael L. Kamil. In this volume, 10 reviews of significant reading research methodologies are reprinted from the Handbook of Reading Research, Volume III. The editors have judged that these specific methodologies have had great impact on reading research since the publication of Volume II in 1991. This text is especially well-suited for use in upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level reading research methods courses.