A Review Of Input And Output Policies For Cereals Production In India

Author: Ganga Shreedha, Neelmani Gupta, Hemant Pullabhotla, A. Ganesh-Kuma, and Ashok Gulati
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 79.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6803
Download Read Online

A Review Of Input And Output Policies For Cereals Production In India from the Author: Ganga Shreedha, Neelmani Gupta, Hemant Pullabhotla, A. Ganesh-Kuma, and Ashok Gulati.

Varietal Development And The Effectiveness Of Seed Sector Policies

Author: Takeshima, Hiroyuki
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 11.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6291
Download Read Online

Varietal Development And The Effectiveness Of Seed Sector Policies from the Author: Takeshima, Hiroyuki. Seed is an essential input in agriculture, and the availability of quality seed of superior varieties is often critical for improved food security and poverty reduction in developing countries like Nigeria. However, while the Nigerian government recognizes the importance of improving seed availability, its recent focus in the seed sector has mostly been on improving seed quality rather than on varietal development. This report argues that this is partly due to a knowledge gap regarding the relationship between varietal technology levels and the effectiveness of seed sector policies. We first provide a brief conceptual discussion on how the effectiveness of selected seed sector policies, such as certification, subsidies, and private sector promotion, may depend on underlying varietal technology levels. Using rice as an example, we then provide key historical and international perspectives on how varietal technology development by the public sector through intensive rice breeding had pre-ceded the expansion of seed certification and testing, and show that there still is a substantial need for the Nigerian government to develop improved rice varieties through intensified domestic plant breeding in order for its seed certification and seed subsidy programs to be more effective.

Highlights Of Recent Ifpri Research And Partnerships In Bangladesh

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 21.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 279
Download Read Online

Highlights Of Recent Ifpri Research And Partnerships In Bangladesh from the Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). For more than two decades, IFPRI’s research and policy analysis have been a resource for Bangladesh in making impressive strides in ensuring food security and reducing poverty. Working closely with the Bangladesh Ministry of Food and Disaster Management and its Food Planning and Monitoring Unit, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, BRAC, CARE International, and civil society organizations, IFPRI has supported Bangladesh in its goals of improving nutrition, women’s empowerment, social protection, and coping with natural disasters. IFPRI looks forward to deepening its collaboration with these and other partners through its Policy Research and Strategy Support Program and complementary initiatives, and to enhancing long-term capacity in policy analysis and evidence-based research. Such strong collaborative efforts have translated and will continue to translate research into policy action that will help accelerate Bangladesh’s progress in ending hunger and undernutrition.

Cereal Policies Review 1994 95

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251037492
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6787
Download Read Online

Cereal Policies Review 1994 95 from the Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

A Global Assessment Of The Economic Effects Of Export Taxes

Author: David Labordew
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 33.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5017
Download Read Online

A Global Assessment Of The Economic Effects Of Export Taxes from the Author: David Labordew. This study has been undertaken to understand and evaluate the potential negative consequences of export taxes which are implemented by many countries today and which are not disciplined by any international agreement. This paper uses a new detailed global dataset on export taxes at the HS6 (Harmonized System 6 level) level and the MIRAGE (Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium) global computable general equilibrium model to assess the impact of export taxes on the world economy. We find that limitations on export taxes would have worldwide effects: the average export tax on global merchandise trade was 0.48 percent in 2007, with the bulk of these taxes imposed on energy products. The removal of these taxes would increase global welfare by 0.23 percent, which is a larger figure than the expected gains from the World Trade Organization’s Doha Development Round. Both developed and emerging economies, such as China and India, would gain from such policies, even if they currently impose export taxes. Medium and small food-importing countries without market power (such as the least-developed countries) would also benefit from the elimination of export restrictions, especially during food crisis situations. Both the energy sector and the export taxes implemented by Commonwealth of Independent States countries appear to play a critical role in the overall economic impact of such a policy change. However, the fact that some countries, such as Argentina, would experience income losses due to such a policy change is a major challenge to overall positive reform in this area.

Handbook Of Agriculture In India

Author: Shovan Ray
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195686739
Size: 49.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3665
Download Read Online

Handbook Of Agriculture In India from the Author: Shovan Ray. India's agricultural growth in the twentieth century has been low compared to that in other developing countries. However, there have been some important developments in the agricultural sector in this period. Famines have all but disappeared and there is now a food surplus. The green revolution too increased yield and productivity for certain crops in specific agro-climatic zones. Having said that, a lot still needs to be done. While agricultural growth has contributed to significant decline in poverty, India still remains home to the largest number of poor. Agricultural productivity remains low in much of the rain fed areas where poverty and malnutrition are concentrated. Land productivity is also declining in areas which are over-irrigated. Agricultural growth must be restarted, and the benefits more fairly distributed. This timely handbook reviews key issues in Indian agriculture today. Individual contributors assess: � The state of Indian agriculture in relation to state and central economic policies and their impact on the economic and societal environment � The need to shift focus from green revolution areas to other regions and crops in the context of globalization and even distribution of the benefits achieved � Food security, not only at the national but also at the regional, household, and group levels � Contemporary issues relating to poverty and agricultural subsidies � Emerging issue of the changing agrarian system and rural urban linkages

Organic Input Production And Marketing In India Efficiency Issues And Policies Cma Publication No 239

Author: Kumara Charyulu Deevi
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 8184246900
Size: 24.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2946
Download Read Online

Organic Input Production And Marketing In India Efficiency Issues And Policies Cma Publication No 239 from the Author: Kumara Charyulu Deevi. The success of industrial agriculture and the green revolution in recent decades has often masked by significant externalities, affecting natural resources and human health as well as agriculture itself. Environmental and health problems associated with agriculture have been increasingly well documented, but it is only recently that the scale of the costs has attracted the attention of planners and scientists. Increasing consciousness about conservation of environment as well as of health hazards caused by agrochemicals has brought a major shift in consumer preference towards food quality. This timely book is a one stop resource for agriculturists, planners, policy makers and other stakeholders who are involved in organic cultivation. The findings emanated from this study would be helpful for Ministry of Agriculture, organic producers, organic input users and other associations involved in organic produce supply-chains in the country.

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment

Author: YP Abrol
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128119047
Size: 15.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1389
Download Read Online

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment from the Author: YP Abrol. The Indian Nitrogen Assessment: Sources of Reactive Nitrogen, Environmental and Climate Effects, and Management Options and Policies provides a reference for anyone interested in Reactive N, from researchers and students, to environmental managers. Although the main processes that affect the N cycle are well known, this book is focused on the causes and effects of disruption in the N cycle, specifically in India. The book helps readers gain a precise understanding of the scale of nitrogen use, misuse, and release through various agricultural, industrial, vehicular, and other activities, also including discussions on its contribution to the pollution of water and air. Drawing upon the collective work of the Indian Nitrogen Group, this reference book helps solve the challenges associated with providing reliable estimates of nitrogen transfers within different ecosystems, also presenting the next steps that should be taken in the development of balanced, cost-effective, and feasible strategies to reduce the amount of reactive nitrogen. Identifies all significant sources of reactive nitrogen flows and their contribution to the nitrogen-cycle on a national, regional, and global level Covers nitrogen management across sectors, including the environment, food security, energy, and health Provides a single reference on reactive nitrogen in India to help in a number of activities, including the evaluation, analysis, synthesis, documentation, and communications on reactive nitrogen