Varietal Development And The Effectiveness Of Seed Sector Policies

Author: Takeshima, Hiroyuki
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 48.74 MB
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Varietal Development And The Effectiveness Of Seed Sector Policies from the Author: Takeshima, Hiroyuki. Seed is an essential input in agriculture, and the availability of quality seed of superior varieties is often critical for improved food security and poverty reduction in developing countries like Nigeria. However, while the Nigerian government recognizes the importance of improving seed availability, its recent focus in the seed sector has mostly been on improving seed quality rather than on varietal development. This report argues that this is partly due to a knowledge gap regarding the relationship between varietal technology levels and the effectiveness of seed sector policies. We first provide a brief conceptual discussion on how the effectiveness of selected seed sector policies, such as certification, subsidies, and private sector promotion, may depend on underlying varietal technology levels. Using rice as an example, we then provide key historical and international perspectives on how varietal technology development by the public sector through intensive rice breeding had pre-ceded the expansion of seed certification and testing, and show that there still is a substantial need for the Nigerian government to develop improved rice varieties through intensified domestic plant breeding in order for its seed certification and seed subsidy programs to be more effective.

Highlights Of Recent Ifpri Research And Partnerships In Bangladesh

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 62.64 MB
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Highlights Of Recent Ifpri Research And Partnerships In Bangladesh from the Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). For more than two decades, IFPRI’s research and policy analysis have been a resource for Bangladesh in making impressive strides in ensuring food security and reducing poverty. Working closely with the Bangladesh Ministry of Food and Disaster Management and its Food Planning and Monitoring Unit, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, BRAC, CARE International, and civil society organizations, IFPRI has supported Bangladesh in its goals of improving nutrition, women’s empowerment, social protection, and coping with natural disasters. IFPRI looks forward to deepening its collaboration with these and other partners through its Policy Research and Strategy Support Program and complementary initiatives, and to enhancing long-term capacity in policy analysis and evidence-based research. Such strong collaborative efforts have translated and will continue to translate research into policy action that will help accelerate Bangladesh’s progress in ending hunger and undernutrition.

The Seed Industry In Pakistan

Author: Rana, Muhammad Ahsan
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 42.67 MB
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The Seed Industry In Pakistan from the Author: Rana, Muhammad Ahsan. This paper critically examines the legislative and institutional framework that governs seed provision in Pakistan, underscoring the need for policy reform in key areas of variety release procedures, intellectual property rights and quality control. The paper also systematically documents the current state of seed provision for various major and minor crops. It provides up-to-date data-insofar as these are available in the public domain-on variety development, seed requirement, production, and sale for various crops; identifies various actors in the public and private sectors; and examines their political and economic interests in continuing or changing the existing system.

Agriculture And The Rural Economy In Pakistan

Author: David J. Spielman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812294211
Size: 36.44 MB
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Agriculture And The Rural Economy In Pakistan from the Author: David J. Spielman. Historically, agriculture has been crucial to Pakistan's economic growth and development and remains so even today. The sector employs almost half of the country's labor force, supplies key inputs to the country's manufacturing sector, generates a significant share of export earnings, and nourishes a rapidly growing population. Further, beyond agriculture is the wider rural economy, including nonfarm economic activities such as small enterprises, transport services, village retail shops, local schools, and clinics, all of which account for an estimated 40 to 57 percent of total rural household income. Given the importance of these rural activities, the slow growth of agriculture in recent years—averaging just 2.8 percent during the period 2010-2014—should be a source of concern for Pakistan. Can the country's agricultural sector and rural economy once again play a significant role in growth and development? Can it contribute to poverty reduction? Agriculture and the Rural Economy in Pakistan: Issues, Outlooks, and Policy Priorities seeks to answer these questions by examining the performance of both agriculture and the rural economy. The authors identify several measures that can promote agricultural productivity growth as well as wider economic and social development. These include increasing the efficiency of water use in the Indus river basin irrigation system, especially in the face of climate change; reforming policies and regulations that govern markets for agricultural inputs and commodities; and improving the provision of rural public services for health, education, women's empowerment, and community development. The analyses and conclusions in Agriculture and the Rural Economy in Pakistan will be of use to policy makers, development specialists, and others concerned with Pakistan's development. Contributors: Madiha Afzal, Nuzhat Ahmad, Faryal Ahmed, Mubarik Ali, Shujat Ali, Elena Briones Alonso, Hira Channa, Stephen Davies, Paul Dorosh, Gisselle Gajate Garrido, Arthur Gueneau, Madeeha Hameed, Brian Holtemeyer, Huma Khan, Katrina Kosec, Mehrab Malek, Sohail J. Malik, Shuaib Malik, Amina Mehmood, Dawit Mekonnen, Hina Nazli, Sara Rafi, Muhammad Ahsan Rana, Abdul Wajid Rana, Danielle Resnick, Khalid Riaz, Abdul Salam, Emily Schmidt, Asma Shahzad, David J. Spielman, James Thurlow, Ahmad Waqas, Edward Whitney, Fatima Zaidi.

Cereal Policies Review 1994 95

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251037492
Size: 28.40 MB
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Cereal Policies Review 1994 95 from the Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

A Global Assessment Of The Economic Effects Of Export Taxes

Author: David Labordew
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 57.37 MB
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A Global Assessment Of The Economic Effects Of Export Taxes from the Author: David Labordew. This study has been undertaken to understand and evaluate the potential negative consequences of export taxes which are implemented by many countries today and which are not disciplined by any international agreement. This paper uses a new detailed global dataset on export taxes at the HS6 (Harmonized System 6 level) level and the MIRAGE (Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium) global computable general equilibrium model to assess the impact of export taxes on the world economy. We find that limitations on export taxes would have worldwide effects: the average export tax on global merchandise trade was 0.48 percent in 2007, with the bulk of these taxes imposed on energy products. The removal of these taxes would increase global welfare by 0.23 percent, which is a larger figure than the expected gains from the World Trade OrganizationÂ’s Doha Development Round. Both developed and emerging economies, such as China and India, would gain from such policies, even if they currently impose export taxes. Medium and small food-importing countries without market power (such as the least-developed countries) would also benefit from the elimination of export restrictions, especially during food crisis situations. Both the energy sector and the export taxes implemented by Commonwealth of Independent States countries appear to play a critical role in the overall economic impact of such a policy change. However, the fact that some countries, such as Argentina, would experience income losses due to such a policy change is a major challenge to overall positive reform in this area.

Handbook Of Agriculture In India

Author: Shovan Ray
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195686739
Size: 12.17 MB
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Handbook Of Agriculture In India from the Author: Shovan Ray. India's agricultural growth in the twentieth century has been low compared to that in other developing countries. However, there have been some important developments in the agricultural sector in this period. Famines have all but disappeared and there is now a food surplus. The green revolution too increased yield and productivity for certain crops in specific agro-climatic zones. Having said that, a lot still needs to be done. While agricultural growth has contributed to significant decline in poverty, India still remains home to the largest number of poor. Agricultural productivity remains low in much of the rain fed areas where poverty and malnutrition are concentrated. Land productivity is also declining in areas which are over-irrigated. Agricultural growth must be restarted, and the benefits more fairly distributed. This timely handbook reviews key issues in Indian agriculture today. Individual contributors assess: � The state of Indian agriculture in relation to state and central economic policies and their impact on the economic and societal environment � The need to shift focus from green revolution areas to other regions and crops in the context of globalization and even distribution of the benefits achieved � Food security, not only at the national but also at the regional, household, and group levels � Contemporary issues relating to poverty and agricultural subsidies � Emerging issue of the changing agrarian system and rural urban linkages

Organic Input Production And Marketing In India Efficiency Issues And Policies Cma Publication No 239

Author: Kumara Charyulu Deevi
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 8184246900
Size: 27.99 MB
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Organic Input Production And Marketing In India Efficiency Issues And Policies Cma Publication No 239 from the Author: Kumara Charyulu Deevi. The success of industrial agriculture and the green revolution in recent decades has often masked by significant externalities, affecting natural resources and human health as well as agriculture itself. Environmental and health problems associated with agriculture have been increasingly well documented, but it is only recently that the scale of the costs has attracted the attention of planners and scientists. Increasing consciousness about conservation of environment as well as of health hazards caused by agrochemicals has brought a major shift in consumer preference towards food quality. This timely book is a one stop resource for agriculturists, planners, policy makers and other stakeholders who are involved in organic cultivation. The findings emanated from this study would be helpful for Ministry of Agriculture, organic producers, organic input users and other associations involved in organic produce supply-chains in the country.