A General Equilibrium Analysis Of Us Foreign Trade Policy

Author: Jaime De Melo
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262041225
Size: 57.78 MB
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A General Equilibrium Analysis Of Us Foreign Trade Policy from the Author: Jaime De Melo. The authors' model is the first large-scale computer simulation of the effects of changes in U.S. import quotas.

General Equilibrium Trade Policy Modeling

Author: T. N. Srinivasan
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press
Size: 42.75 MB
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General Equilibrium Trade Policy Modeling from the Author: T. N. Srinivasan. This collection of original essays makes a substantial contribution to the empirical analysis of trade policy and to the current debate on a new international economic order. They address policy from a strictly economic viewpoint, using computable general equilibrium models as analytical tools and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of these models, which are being increasingly used for policy analysis in international trade and other branches of economics.The essays all examine the effects of 50 percent tariff cuts on the various economies modeled. However, since some models are global (multicountry) and others are single country, such cuts can take several forms: unilateral, multilateral, or bilateral. The models show wide variation in their results. This points up the need for caution in using such models for rigid policy advice and for further improvement in data and techniques if trade modeling is to become effective. Nonetheless, the strength of such models in making explicit the implicit assumptions of policymakers and in providing a quantitative framework for trade policy evaluation is clearly revealed.T. N. Srinivasan, coauthor with Jagdish Bhagwati of Lectures on International Trade (MIT Press 1983) is Samuel C. Park Jr. Professor of Economics at Yale University. John Whalley, author of Trade Liberalization among Major World Trading Areas (MIT Press 1984) is Professor of Economics at the University of Western Ontario.

Modeling Developing Countries Policies In General Equilibrium

Author: Jaime de Melo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814494828
Size: 15.46 MB
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Modeling Developing Countries Policies In General Equilibrium from the Author: Jaime de Melo. Policies affecting resource allocation across tradable sectors and those affecting the incentives to produce tradable activities are key determinants of macroeconomic balance and growth. Computable general equilibrium models have made significant contributions to both types of policies. With advancements in computing power and software, these models have become easy to implement and are now widespread. The question then is when and how to formulate them to avoid the ‘black box’ syndrome. This book seeks to address these issues through carefully selected essays that analyse how to model general equilibrium linkages in a single economy, across developing and developed economies, and across both micro and macro policies. Micro policies examined include tariffs quotas and VERs, the choice of taxes to maximize government revenue, migration and remittances, and the political economy of tariff setting. Applications on macro policies cover capital inflows, real exchange rate determination, and the modeling of the effects of adjustment policies on income distribution. The book provides insights on the development of a family of models for diverse policy choices, focusing on the ways to model the following: links between tradable and non-tradable activities, labor markets, and portfolio choices given limited capital mobility. Selected essays are all inspired by specific policy problems, including the adaptation to external shocks (i.e. oil), consequences of capital inflows, determinants of migration and associated remittances, the productivity of foreign aid, and rent-seeking activities under trade regimes with non-price trade restrictions. Examples in this book lay out the theoretical foundations, alongside a variety of applications, to help formulate coherent and transparent models for policy analysis. Archetype economies are extensively used to show how differences in economic structure influence the effects of policies. Graduate students and policy analysts interested in modeling will find this a useful compendium of studies. Contents:Capturing Economy-Wide Linkages:Product Differentiation and the Treatment of Foreign Trade in Computable General Equilibrium Models of Small Economies ((with Sherman Robinson)Productivity and Externalities: Models of Export-Led Growth ((with Sherman Robinson)A General Equilibrium Analysis of Foreign Exchange Shortages in a Developing Economy (with Kemal Dervis and Sherman Robinson)Productivity Growth, External Shocks and Capital Inflows in Chile: A General Equilibrium Analysis (with Timothy Condon and Vittorio Corbo)Exchange Rate-Based Disinflation, Wage Rigidity and Capital Inflows: Tradeoffs for Chile 1977–81 (with Timothy Condon and Vittorio Corbo)Adjustment and Income Distribution: A Micro–Macro Model for Counterfactual Analysis (with François Bourguignon and William Branson)Computable General Equilibrium Models for Trade Policy Analysis in Developing Countries: A SurveyArchetype Economies:Alternative Routes to Development (with Hollis Chenery, Jeffrey Lewis and Sherman Robinson)Trade Adjustment Policies and Income Distribution in Three Archetype Developing Economies (with Sherman Robinson)Distributional Effects of Adjustment Policies: Simulations for Archetype Economies in Africa and Latin America (with François Bourguignon and Akiko Suwa)Modeling the Effects of Protection in a Dynamic Framework (with Kemal Dervis)Lobbying, Counterlobbying, and the Structure of Tariff Protection in Poor and Rich Countries (with Olivier Cadot and Marcelo Olarreaga)Globalization and Migratory Pressures from Developing Countries: A Simulation Analysis (with Riccardo Faini and Jean-Marie Grether)Costs of Protection from Trade Policy Regimes in Developing Countries:Distortions in the Factor Market: Some General Equilibrium EstimatesTrade Policy and Resource Allocation in the Presence of Product Differentiation (with Sherman Robinson)An Evaluation of Neutral Trade Policy Incentives under Increasing Returns to Scale (with David Roland-Holst)Industrial Organization and Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Korea (with David Roland-Holst)Industrial Organization Implications of QR Trade Regimes: Evidence and Welfare Costs (with Timothy Condon)Market Access and Welfare under Free Trade Agreements: Textiles under NAFTA ((with Olivier Cadot, Céline Carrère and Alberto Portugal-Pérez)Estimating the Costs of US Foreign Trade Policy:Welfare Costs of US Quotas in Textiles, Steel and Autos (with David Tarr)VERs under Imperfect Competition and Foreign Direct Investment: A Case Study of the US–Japan Auto VER (with David Tarr)Industrial Policy in the Presence of Wage Distortions: The Case of the US Auto and Steel Industries (with David Tarr)Revenue-Raising Taxes: General Equilibrium Evaluation of Alternative Taxation in US Petroleum Industries (with Julie Stanton and David Tarr) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and policy analysts interested in modeling and trade policies. Keywords:Applied General Equilibrium Models;Trade Policy;Computable General Equilibrium;ArchetypesKey Features:Addresses the ‘when’ and ‘how’ in the formulation of computable general equilibirium models whilst avoiding the ‘black box’ syndromeIllustrates using various examples the theoretical basis of modeling and how it can be applied to formulate coherent, transparent models for policy analysisFeatures archetype economics extensively to depict how differences in economic structures result in varying effects of the policies

New Developments In Computable General Equilibrium Analysis For Trade Policy

Author: John Gilbert
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857241419
Size: 43.95 MB
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New Developments In Computable General Equilibrium Analysis For Trade Policy from the Author: John Gilbert. The aim of the proposed volume will be to present new developments in the methodology and practice of CGE techniques as they apply to recent issues in international trade policy. The volume will be of interest to academic researchers working in trade policy analysis and applied general equilibrium, advanced graduate students in international economics, applied researchers in multilateral organizations, and policymakers who need to work with and interpret the results of CGE analysis.

Applied General Equilibrium Analysis Of India S Tax And Trade Policy

Author: Sameer R. Rege
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Size: 36.46 MB
Format: PDF
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Applied General Equilibrium Analysis Of India S Tax And Trade Policy from the Author: Sameer R. Rege. This book highlights and addresses the challenges faced in formulating fiscal and trade policies for India post WTO entry. It covers developments in trade theory, public finance and computable general equilibrium modelling and its implementation in India's context. This book will appeal specifically to policy makers, development economists and tax and trade policy researchers.

U S Trade Policy

Author: William A. Lovett
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765631879
Size: 27.47 MB
Format: PDF
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U S Trade Policy from the Author: William A. Lovett. This is a fully updated edition of the bestselling text on U.S. trade policy from colonial times to the current controversial trade imbalances affecting long-term national interests. New coverage for this edition includes the WTO panels and conflicts, the battle in Seattle, struggles over Doha rounds and conflicts, growing tensions among major powers, splits between advanced and developing nations, increased terrorism, and risks of war.